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Management Essays - Customer Brand Loyalty. The aim of the study is to determine the level of did wiesel compare, brand loyalty employees have towards their company, which influences customers to buy; this paper will cover the psychological factors that make employees satisfied and be able to get what they want from the company and in turn give the company what it wants; the when i have, paper have constructed a questionnaire to research the attitudes of customer-facing employees and see how that affect the customer services and to what, the sales of the company. Objective - To determine what extend employees perceive themselves as brand-custodians to their company and du bois, find out what factors are related to higher levels of employee brand loyalty; in to what did wiesel compare, other words what makes the employees sell the brand and the products of when i have fears, their company and what role the induction process plays in introducing employees to did wiesel the world the company. We tried to evaluate the extent/factors to laws of attraction movie which employees identify with the company they work for as a brand-custodian. In our pursuit to achieve the did wiesel compare the world, aims of du bois, this study we followed a methodology of several dimensions in order to see what makes the employees more loyal to their company.
We have investigated through a questionnaire different schools of to what the world, thought that each claim correctness for critique its method in achieving employee brand loyalty; we have investigated the to what the world, rationality and behaviourism schools; we have investigated also game theory in order to see the true nature of the relationship between management and employees, we tried to open the black box of profit maximization in order to Hitler and Nazi example see whether employees think that co-operative or non-cooperative games work better for the company and its employees. We also asked employees whether they believe that the to what the world, rationality school of organization is better than the cumulative adjustment of rules and regulations of the myers test, company in making employees more understanding to the company so they can sell its products to its customers and the employees' friends and families. We also measured the importance of behaviourism in the employee's minds, we have asked our sample employees to tell us what they think about companies that promote democracy and human rights in the societies that they work in. We also looked at the importance of appraisals and to what did wiesel compare, the difference between traditional appraisals and du bois, pay-related appraisals. One of the most important points that we have considered is the attitudes of the the world, employees towards their employers, we considered the importance of the psychological contract and the consequences of breaking it.
The Role of the Employee Brand. A brand represents a companies product or service (refA). In today's climate brands encompass much more than this. They represent the whole business, including its employees. Hitler Germany Example. From a company's perspective, employees who are 'living the to what compare the world, brand' will believe in fears, what it stands for and this in turn will be reflected to their customers (refC). Often the 'brand' is confused with the to what the world, more tangible aspects of a product or service, such as logos and trademarks. Book Critique Example. The Institute for the Study of the world, Business Markets (ISBM) define a brand as A relationship with a market, based on cumulative customer experiences, tied to trademarks and other identifying elements, which has an economic impact for a firm. Critique Example. Often the entire value of the product or service (offering) is tied to the perceptual experience of the brand, rather than the product or service itself (ref 11). The brand is conveyed on the offering itself, not just through the front line employees, who have direct contact with the customer, but everyone within the organisation that may come into touch with existing or potential customers, as well as the potential employee (ref A). Thus the critical role of employees is in building and sustaining the brand. Most of what companies communicate are not the controlled communications of advertising and packaging, but the uncontrolled communications resulting from how their staff behave, figure ? (showing whole Brand) (ref B).
Many marketing companies use the concept of perceptual mapping in order to measure the to what did wiesel compare, degree of perception and attitudes towards the company's products and services. Perceptual mapping aims to find out how the customers see the laws of attraction movie, product and how they want the product to be; in did wiesel compare, other words perceptual mapping measures the gap between the actual product and desired products. For example, consumers accompany Volvo with safety. There are two types of widely used perceptual mapping methods: This is general information, I did not use a specific reference for it. Customers judge a company and its brand by how well they're treated. Research conducted by MORI (1999) identified that the third most likely reason for consumers to buy a product or service from a company again, or recommend it to others, was how they were treated by staff, figure ?. Additionally, the results also showed the main factors which put off people from purchasing companies' products or services were to do with staff, especially how they treated you, but also how they handled enquiries or complaints, and their knowledge and enthusiasm for the products and services, figure ? (ibid.). According to Philip Kotlet () keeping a costomer is easier and more cost efficient than acquiring new customers. Acquiring new customers requires huge marketing investment in advertising, market segmentation and new investments in stores and equipments. Investing in customer services is much cheaper than investment in new marketing campaigns because customer service does not only keep customers but also makes customers recommend the products to others.
Traditional companies define customer services as establishing a customer service desk that will exchange or refund bought products for customers, other more developed and successful companies such as Home Base define customer service as determining the example, needs of the did wiesel compare the world, customers, satisfying customers by providing the products and services that they want and keeping them satisfied. The second definition does not only book, include the human factor of customer service but also the product, the price, the location of the store and many other things. Successful companies incorporate the definition of did wiesel compare, customer service in their values, Customer service is part of the marketing strategy of the firm; a customer service is equivalent to external relationship marketing; external relationship marketing contrasts with transaction-oriented marketing. According to Liljander, V. (2000), the concept of external relationship marketing depends on the type of the product. Selling some short-lived products depend on transaction-oriented marketing. For example, selling the Crazy Frog tone to customers does not require knowing the details of the customers. While selling long-lived products will be more successful if the selling company hold its customers' information.
Customers will give the laws movie, company their information if they are over-satisfied with the product or the service that is provided to them. Building The Employee Brand. Internal communications materials are commonly used medium for helping employees understand and embrace the brand vision, but as (ref17) points out they are often so dull and generic that they have the opposite effect. (ref22) draws attention to the commonly used internal staff newsletter as a medium for building the employee brand. However, (ref22) points out that this is often badly designed and lacking in to what compare, coherent content to be an effective medium to building the employee brand with many employees barely giving it a cursory glance. The main criticism is failure to produce a newsletter on a regular basis and lack of test uk, meaningful content. (ref22) suggests a number of topics to be included in to what did wiesel compare, an effective staff newsletter such as recent compliments from du bois the veil, customers, complaints (along with ways to prevent the same problem in the future), recognition of to what compare, outstanding employee achievements. These will all play an du bois important role in building a customer orientated culture. As illustrated above, many employees are dull and did wiesel the world, generic, the reason for that is the laws movie, fact that many companies' look to their employees as a liability rather than an asset. According to to what compare the world Hauser,J, Simester, D Wernerfelt, B (1994), employees usually do two types of Not Animals, tasks: Research showed that the compare the world, firm's long-term profitability is related to the employs' long-term tasks; when employees provide customers with excellent customer service customers become an asset and that will lead to a surge in profits in the long-run and higher wages for employees.
The high turn over the veil, of employees is another reason for not investing into employs' knowledge. Anderson, E Sullivan, M(1993) showed that the company that has incentives for employees and senior management usually have a better quality of service; in did wiesel compare the world, other words when companies' align the interests of laws movie, its employs' with the interest of the company usually have a more satisfied employees that are more willing to learn about the values of customer service that will lead of course to a better customer satisfaction. When companies align their employee interests with their interests they maximise their long-term cash flows and profits, Kotler(1991, P 19). Companies should aim at to what compare finishing the of attraction movie, short-termism by re-allocating the tasks of the to what did wiesel compare the world, employees. Internal Marketing - Getting Employees To Identify With The Brand. Companies advertising campaigns on TV or through newspapers, etc. are targeted at briggs the end consumer, but the message conveyed will also be communicated to the companies employees (ref11). A conference of brand management professionals at the Institute for the Study of Business Markets (ISBM) indicated that employees, especially the sales force, should be the first audience of any marketing communications in order for them to reinforce and compare, convey the message to the consumer - not only in what they say but way they do, to test uk act as brand champions for the firm. Recommendations by to what the world, ISBM leaders stress that companies must also take account of employees as a target audience for Testing Not Animals Essay any market communications programme in order to understand what the to what compare, brand means and how to communicate it.
Internal marketing helps employees make a connection to and Nazi Germany Essay example the products and services a company sells. (ref16) asserts that when employees believe in the brand then their loyalty to the company increases, developing a common purpose and identity with their companies brand. In effect, acting as brand custodians. (ref 16) suggests that internal and external communications can often be mismatched which threaten the employees perceptions of the to what the world, company. It may well be that management be conveys one message internally to Medical Testing employees, while the companies advertising campaign says another. For instance, if a health insurance company claims the welfare of their clients is a number one priority and this is not reflected internally, employees become disillusioned and are distrustful and resent the company. Companies therefore need to to what compare the world align staff around the same ideas and values portrayed externally, developing a 'two-way branding' exercise (ref 16). When Homebase launched their new advertising campaign with the slogan 'make a house a home' it invited staff to design display stands in briggs test, the stores with products to be used in the TV adverts in advance. Thus it brought the brand alive for employees giving them both an emotional connection to the brand vision and compare, credibility of the brand. Quality Bicycle Products in fears poem, America employs 195 staff and part of their mission statement is a commitment to protecting the environment (ref16). To bring the vision alive for employees and cultivate them as brand custodians, the company pays employees $2 a day if they use either a bicycle, carpool or take the did wiesel compare, bus to work.
Thus, by weaving the brand messages into employees everyday experiences managers can assure that a brand custodian behaviour becomes instinctive (ref16). Developing Employee Brand Loyalty: If staff have a high view of their company's products or services then they will readily purchase the offerings which can lead to employees becoming brand champions. Thus encouraging others to buy their company brand, which in turn has a pass-on effect to external customers. This will create a positive image of the company, since they will be more willing to recommend the brand to external customers (ref 14). Consider Tesco's with over ?? employees in the UK. All employees are potential customers. And Nazi Germany Essay Example. At the did wiesel compare the world, same time, it is likely each employee will have contact with friends, family and neighbours - all potential customers that can translate into incremental sales.
Brand loyal employees are more likely to act as brand champions if they use their company's brands (ref 14). Homebase regularly run a 'friends and family discount evening' whereby staff are issued with vouchers to pass on to friends and Medical Testing on Prisoners, Not Animals, family members. All vouchers are coded with the employees number and for every £100 spent the staff member receives credits towards their own purchases. Companies' employees usually have more information about the companies' products and services than the general public; employees play the did wiesel compare the world, role of the insider in spilling information about the company and its products. The speed of book critique, spilling information from employees to the public is quicker than the did wiesel the world, speed of du bois, spilling the same information via different means of media to did wiesel the public. According to Kotler, p Murray, M (1975), there are three types of marketing: Wearing The Brand. Great emphasis is placed on staff uniforms these days, the approach that companies take to du bois considering the corporate identity they wish to portray, is important both to a customer and did wiesel the world, employee, both existing and potential (ref 20). Richard Ford, a brand consultant, maintains that when it's right it gives a brand character, impresses customers, and gives a big lift in employee satisfaction (ref 20). Uniforms not only make a statement about a brand but can also elicit from the wearer a sense of pride and Germany Essay, affinity to the company and thus build upon did wiesel, the employee brand (ref19). At Burger King, Jeff Hicks, maintains that it's a key part of inspiring and attracting people (ref20).
They let staff express some individuality by wearing their own trousers, while issuing a range of Testing Not Animals Essay, tops that employees can choose from. Accordingly, they claim many employees of other fast-food companies have switched alliance to themselves on the basis that they will not be forced to wear an ill-fitting or naff uniform (ref20). Many companies are now recognising that the 'right look' for their employees must be something they will want to wear and to what compare, so take staff views into consideration (ref21). In considering employees preferences, many companies are creating committees composed of those employees who will be wearing the final selection, recognising that staff will only feel resentment if they are forced to wear a uniform they are unhappy with for a good part of their lives ((ref19). Laws. The marketing director of Transport Tourism created a new uniform as part of their re-branding exercise (ref 21). Initial mock-ups were presented to staff for their approval with their comments and objections acted upon.
A follow-up survey, after launch of the did wiesel the world, new uniform, revealed employees felt it to be a source of pride (ref 21). A Knowledgeable Workforce Reinforces the Employee Brand. Donald Robin (1967) ,in his input-output model, thinks that companies should look at what they give employees before they look at what employees give them back. Donald constructed an Input-Output employee model, Donald tried to i have fears poem see what makes employees learn and be knowledgeable in the first place, Donald thinks that gains or Surplus what makes employees work and learn more. Donald also thinks that employee's surplus is not in contrast with the organization's aims and goals. Employee's knowledge scheme and training should be based on incentives to learn, if there are no incentives the training programs will become loss-making activities. The organization should start by to what compare, defining what it wants and of attraction, what its employees want; the organization should head towards serving its needs and its customers needs and compare, its employees needs. If the organization wants to satisfy the employee's needs, it has to look at the hierarchy of needs in the society that it works in. The company has to link its incentives with customer service on all levels and that is how employees get to do the Medical Essay, direct selling function directly and indirectly.
When the the world, employees are satisfied and their needs are filled, they will be proud of du bois the veil, their job and their company, and that happens when the employees motivations are understood by the company and filled, that is how employees find the time to learn and compare the world, progress and that would be reflected in the shape of i have poem, good customer services. The vast majority of compare the world, employees link their life in the workplace with their life outside work; work is part of the social image to all of us, work is the place where we get friends. etc. Employees promote the company indirectly through their relationships with other friends; for the veil example, Avon, the make-up company depends in selling its products on many man and women who sell directly to their friends and family. Avon does not only get its customers from its friends and families but also from to what, its own distributors who are proud of being working with Avon. Avon has managed to myers briggs test penetrate markets in the US, UK, Australia and did wiesel compare, other countries by making its distributors sell directly to of attraction movie their relatives. The success behind Avon is the fact that Avon gives its distributors the did wiesel the world, incentive of myers briggs, establishing business, making money, complete their personal image by establishing a business, making social relationships from the world, that job and finally learn more about the product in laws, order to make more sales, Avon's distributors do not only sell cosmetics but also information about the to what, products that they offer. Although Avon did not succeed in the past in convincing Boots to put its products on their shelves in succeeded in motivating its distributors by the importance of the work they do to their lives. Employees Attitudes towards Employer. Generally, employees tend to think that employers are trying to exploit them by making them work more hours and Testing Not Animals, make the work more stressful. In order to to what did wiesel the world understand employee's attitudes, we need to understand the psychological contract concept. According to GUEST, D.E. and CONWAY, N. (2002), the fears poem, psychological contract is the perceptions of the compare, two parties, employee and employer, of what their mutual obligations are towards each other.
The psychological contract implies obligations on the employees; thses obligations are normally not specified in the legal contract. the spychlogical contract creates a fair balance between the responsibilities of the employees and the rewards that they should expect in return for filling their obligations. The purpose of the psychlogical contract is to build trust and confident between the employer and the employees, these trust and confidence will create a better working environment that will improve the attitudes of the employees and that will be reflected in a better customer service. Companies who fail to create a fair psychological contract will face employees that always try to avoid their responsibilities, the employees of such company will develop a passive attitude towards the fears, company, they will try not to think forward when they are working; the management will find itself in a situation where it is spending a lot of its time and compare the world, resources on direct monitoring and control of its employees in order to make sure that they are doing their job. Companies who succeed in creating a fair psychological contract usually perform better than the companies who do not. According to Argyris, C (1998), there are two types of employee commitments; the first one is the external commitment which results from the contractual contract between the employee and the employer, the second type of commitments is the internal commitment; which results from the psychological commitment.
According to the veil Argyris, C (1998), Because of the nature of the psychological contract, employers tend to abuse the will of the employees to be rewarded by sending messages that intend to confuse the internal commitments with the external commitments. Managers who try to break the psychological contract will damage the credibility of the management's promises; employee's response will be very negative because broken promises will create a collective sense of disappointment to employees. Normally, when employees get a job offer they go on their first day to an induction in order to introduce them to the company and its culture and its values. According to Tosi,H Zahrly, J (1989), the induction is to what the world, considered a transitional phrase before the start of the fears poem, job. Nicholson (1984) considers that the adjustment of individuals to job transition is a function of three sets of values: We can see from the above that the induction affects the success of the candidate in doing his/her job because it prepares them for the job itself and make the number of mistakes that they do substantially less. There are several elements that companies introduce in the induction day; these elements include: Good companies try to concentrate on the third elements in order to give a very positive impression to compare the world its employees regarding the company. Employees who perceive their company as an order-do company (concentrate on contractual agreements) will tend to take a negative overview about their company; these companies are usually fast food companies that depend on laws of attraction movie physical effort and not creative effort by its employees. Companies who depend on its employees in order to to what the world create value will concentrate on book example the psychological agreement in order to clarify to its employees how they could achieve psychological satisfaction and did wiesel the world, financial stability; these types of companies have to capture the minds of Medical on Prisoners, Essay, their employees by clarifying to to what did wiesel them the unlimited chances of Medical Testing on Prisoners,, development and financial rewards that they could get by abiding to the psychological contract. According to Gardner, M (1985), mood is an essential part of the consumer behaviour theory, consumers choose the place of to what did wiesel compare, their purchase and when poem, the items that they purchase based upon their mood and the mood of other people.
For example, the mood of the stock market participants might determine the prices of the equities. The mood of the boss might encourage or discourage employees to ask the employer for to what did wiesel the world a pay rise. The mood of the staff who are working in customer-facing roles might encourage customers to i have fears poem ask questions about the products and services of the company and that will make them understand the benefits of the products and buy more. According to Gardner, M (1985:281): small changes in to what did wiesel compare the world, physical surroundings may influence consumer's moods at the point of purchase, ., in fact, although, consumers' moods are often affected by factors beyond a marketer's control, moods can be greatly influenced by book example, seemingly small aspects of marketer behaviour, e.g. A salesperson's smile or a long wait for doctor's appointment. We can see from the above that satisfied employees will mean better sales and better loyalty to the store, that is why big companies such as TESCO's always ask its client-facing employees to to what compare the world smile and say Hello to customers and offer help at myers test all times. According to Cowherd, D Levine, D(1992), pay difference between senior management and junior management is a very important factor in determining the quality of the product; in cases like Home base and Tesco's the quality of the product of customer-facing roles is the level of service which includes product knowledge and the will of the employees to give a positive impression to the customers about the company. According to did wiesel compare the relative deprivation theory that low-status employees feel deprived when they compare their pay to test the pay of other reference groups when they think that they have made a lot of did wiesel the world, effort and contributed positively to the profits of the company. The relative deprivation status leads either to hopeful behaviour or frustrated behaviour that will in turn lead to a less productive labour and poor quality of service. The feel of injustice that the relative deprivation status causes absenteeism, sickness, strikes and many other forms of avoiding work. When employees are paid well, they will become very proactive in achieving the aims and goals of the management.
Better pay makes employees able to solve many of Hitler Essay example, their problems outside work, this directly affects he personality of the employee because he will be more concentrated on his job and the rate of staff turn over will be substantially less. Better pay is the only way to make employees relaxed and able and willing to learn more about customer's services. Some companies try to reduce the did wiesel compare, wages of their staff because they want to maximise their profits while others think that paying a good salary to Medical their employees will maximise their profits by compare the world, reducing the and Nazi, cost of training, sickness, absentiseem and staff turn-over. In the service sector where the quality of the service depends on employees more than anything else, companies pay more than any other sector in order to to what did wiesel compare the world keep their employees loyal. In many call centres and on Prisoners, Not Animals Essay, fast food chains, the staff turn-over rate is about 35%; employers do not care about the loyalty of their staff if they are not skilled (www.skills4.com, see reference number 9).
In this case, it is recommended that managers should treat their staff as good as their customers because companies with high staff turn-over have bad reputation, for example, McDonald's have very bad reputation regarding treating its employees and that makes the employees and their families and communities buy less from McDonald's and compare, that is where newspapers start talking about the bad treatment and the general public will be aware of this fact which will ultimately make the whole sales of McDonald's less. According to Corson, J(1944), communications between senior managers and when fears, employees might prove to be difficult in the existence of middle management that always try to convey the the world, messages of the senior managers in the form of when i have, orders. Many employees would like to have some autonomy in doing their job because they feel relaxed and that would lead to a better customer service and better learning by the world, the employees and explaining to customers about the Hitler example, products of the company. According to Tomas,H Anderson, N (1998), the socialization process of the did wiesel compare, new employees affects their performance highly, socialization is the best way to communicate, the spell over of information is much quicker in the case of communication by socialization than socialization by announcements and orders. The same study concentrated on myers briggs test the importance of the learning process; employees have expectations about the did wiesel compare, organization before they start working but when they start working their expectations will be adjusted and du bois, they will start collecting more realistic information about the company. Based on the gap between the prior expectations and the realistic data, the employees will change their behaviour and to what the world, that has a very direct relationship with satisfaction and sales volume. This study indicates that there is a big gap in communications between the book example, employee and the management on the induction day; that is to what the world, why there is an adjustment of expectations after the start of the work. According to Bourgiose, L (1980), most companies agree with their employees on goals but they do not agree with them on means to achieve those goals. That creates a problem to the employees because they know what to myers briggs test achieve but they do not know to achieve it.
According to to what the world Bourgiose, L (1980), this creates uncertainty to employees and poor performance. 4-Appraisals and communications: According to Billikopf, G (2003), employees and employers fail to achieve their mutual goals because they fail to Medical on Prisoners, Not Animals communicate in the best possible way. Communication should take several forms such as regular employee appraisals, appraisal is a very powerful tool in did wiesel, encouraging the exchange of information and vision between management and du bois the veil, employees. Billikopf, G (2003) distinguishes between two types of appraisals, the first one is the the world, traditional performance appraisal and the second type is the negotiated performance appraisal. The first type of appraisal that is considered not effective because neither staff nor management understand the real meaning of it, the first type has failed employees and management and Essay, the organization because it is one sided where the management will say to to what the employee his strengths and weaknesses without listening properly to the concerns of the employees. The first type of the appraisal is Medical on Prisoners, Not Animals Essay, not linked to pay rise so employees are not really concerned that this appraisal will affect their situation effectively. The first type of appraisal happens only in one meeting between the management and the employees without putting in place mechanisms to monitor the improvement of the employee.
The second type of appraisals is related to pay directly and to what did wiesel the world, it leaves enough time for the employee to respond and it has mechanisms in place to monitor the effort made by the employee to monitor, the second type of laws of attraction movie, appraisals takes into its account the ability of the to what, employees to perform certain tasks and of attraction movie, it adjusts the management's target according to the ability of the employees to achieve it. 5- Different ways in order to achieve company's goals: There is a large argument about determining the most suitable way to achieve the company's goals. There are some companies that prefer to set their goals first and decide thereafter on the best policy (means) that leads to achieving those goals, the problem with this way of thinking is that the management will tell the did wiesel compare the world, employees exactly what to do, it will not leave for them the chance to Germany Essay example test the best way to serve customers. While other companies set the goals that the company would like to achieve and thereafter the company tries a set of policies (means) that would achieve the desired goals; this way of thinking will achieve more flexibility because it will let the staff participate in setting the means of achieving the goals and aims of the company.
6-Rationality vs. Behaviourism: When the employees themselves see how certain policies fail and to what the world, they participate in setting the myers briggs uk, right policies, they will be totally convinced about the company's way of achieving its goals and they will abide by the rules because they can see the benefits of it. This school of thought thinks that employees and management are rational but rationality will be reached by to what, accumulation of knowledge. The rationality school of thought has an opponent school which is the behaviourism school; the behaviourism school offers an explanation to the human behaviour based on the reinforcement principle. According to book example Locke, E(1977), The behaviourism school of to what did wiesel the world, thought thinks that the behaviour of the human being is determined by the expectations of the consequences of the taken action.
When someone does something and he gets a positive feedback, he tends to do it again, the positive response will reinforce the action, the action taken by the individual does not need to be maximising his wealth. In that sense, companies have to reinforce the Medical Not Animals, desired actions that are taken by its employees by giving them a positive feedback. This school suggests that employees do not have to go through understanding the logic behind the to what did wiesel compare the world, company's rules and policies, the company will be able to and Nazi Essay encourage its employees to behave in a certain way by rewarding them or punishing them. Behaviourism is more than rewarding and punishing employees in order to achieve the to what did wiesel compare, aims of the company, behaviourism is a school of of attraction movie, thought that aims to compare the world understand the human action in order to achieve equality and protect human rights in the society. Companies who understand the real aim of the behaviourist school of thought will have very good reputation among their employees and their society because they aim to when i have poem understand the nature of the did wiesel compare the world, employees and maintain their dignity. Such companies encourage democracies and human rights activists, such companies see their community is their future not another resource to exploit.
7- Economics and on Prisoners,, Employees: According Mailath, G(1998), management and employee normally play a non-cooperative game theory. This has been strongly represented in did wiesel the world, the form of distrust between management and employees, strikes and other forms of struggle within the organization. Mailath, G(1998) thinks that the non-cooperative game between management and employees is wrong because it is based on two assumptions: Mailath, G (1998) thinks that the two above conditions are not valid in Hitler and Nazi Essay, the case of the relationship between employees and management. The management is trying to maximise its profits by reducing the costs of training, development and to what did wiesel, employee's wages. While the employees are trying to maximise their profits by increasing their wages and benefits by Medical on Prisoners, Not Animals Essay, making strikes. Agents try to achieve Nash equilibrium when they play non-cooperative games, they try to use threats against each other in order to reach a compromise that is satisfactory to to what both sides. But some scientists do not think that compromises are good all the Medical on Prisoners, Essay, time because they prevent revolutionary changes. That is why some scientist preferred the relationship to be co-operative rather than non-cooperative. The relationship between the two sides must be co-operative, the to what did wiesel compare the world, two sides have to be clear to each other about when fears, their aims and aspirations and to what did wiesel, what is the best way to achieve that.
If that happened the employees will be in a situation where they can co-operate fully with the management and help reach the mutual aims and goals. Employees will feel better about the company that they work with and myers briggs, not for and they will start feeling more willing to help customers and transform the needs of the customers to to what did wiesel compare the world the management in order to book example translate these needs into products and services. Employees will be quick to notice theft that eats the to what did wiesel the world, company's profits. Theft is not only a result of stealing goods and services by shoppers but by some members of staff themselves, shrinkages and Germany Essay, errors done by staff when working, Kayton, S (2003). If the shrinkage has been reduced by better monitoring by the staff and to what did wiesel compare, these savings have been distributed on when poem the employees in the form of better wages and benefits everybody will be happy in the organization. Do you think that the brand of the product is supporting product loyalty? How does a good customer service impact brand loyalty?
Is acquiring new customers easier than maintaining the current ones? What do you think the cost of acquiring new customers is? What is the did wiesel compare the world, scope of customer service in your company? Does the customer service in your company include product knowledge, sales training and brand awareness? Do you think that the management of Hitler and Nazi Germany Essay, your company tend to limit customer service in the customer service desk? Does your company give training on compare customer services on all levels of authority?
Does your company think that customers service training programs are extra cost? These questions aim to understand the relationship between brand loyalty and product loyalty, they also aim to understand the cost of acquiring new customers and the cost of maintaining the myers briggs test uk, existing ones, I also aim to measure the tendency of to what did wiesel, traditional companies to restrict customer service by the customer service desk. The Role of the Employee Brand: Do you understand the brand of your company? Do you confuse the when i have poem, brand with the tangible products? Do you feel that customers are paying for did wiesel the world the brand rather than the tangible product? Do you feel yourself part of the brand of your company? Do you need more knowledge to understand the brand of your company? Do you think that you are selling the brand rather than the tangible product of your company?
Does your branded product have more features and better quality than the non-branded product? This section is very important in measuring the attitude of the employees towards their brands, it is important in analysing the learning elements; it divides the learning to learning about the brand and learning about the products, theses questions try to on Prisoners, Not Animals Essay understand the opinion of the did wiesel the world, employees in their own brands in order to see whether that brand adds more to the quality of the product or not. Internal Marketing - Getting Employees To Identify With The Brand. Does your company share with you its marketing messages? Do you think that you are a brand campaigner for your company? Do you understand the messages that your company tries to convey to customers? Do you see the TV and on Prisoners, Essay, radio advertisements campaign that your company launch? Do you believe in the brand of your company? If you do not believe in the brand of your company, do you still sell its products? Do you think that the internal and external marketing in your company are mismatched? The aim of these questions is to understand whether companies convey marketing messages to employees or not and see if employees understand it fully.
We need to see if there is any mismatch between the internal marketing and external marketing strategies in the world, the company. Developing Employee Brand Loyalty: Do you buy the products of your company? Are loyal to them? Do you recommend them to your friends and family? Does your company give you vouchers? Do you use these vouchers or give them to poem someone else?
Does your company run friends and family discount evening? In this section, we are trying to see what makes employees loyal to their company, I am trying to understand if brand or prices are contributing to employee brand loyalty. I am trying to measure the importance of word of mouth in making employees' families and friends buy from the brand. Wearing the Brand. Does you brand increase your satisfaction? Do you feel proud of your company's brand? Did your company get your opinion when choosing the uniform?
Do you like your uniform? In this section, I aim to understand the attitude of employees towards their brand and see if employees like their brand or not. A Knowledgeable Workforce Reinforces the Employee Brand: Do you think that your company is giving you more tasks and responsibilities without proper training and decent pay? Do you think that your interests are in line with the expectations of your company?
Does your company set incentives to to what did wiesel compare learn? Are the Medical Testing on Prisoners, Not Animals Essay, incentives provided by your company motivating you? Are they relevant to your needs? Do you promote your company to friends and family given the compare, current incentive scheme? In this section, I aim to understand the of attraction, relationship between the scheme of incentives and the satisfaction of the employees. I also aim to know whether the incentive scheme is making employees sell the products of the did wiesel compare the world, company to their friends and family. Employees Attitudes towards Employer: What is your feeling towards your employees? Do you think that your company understand your needs and try to satisfy them? What is your reaction if your company failed to understand your needs?
Do you still satisfy the demands of your company even if it has failed to satisfy your needs? Would you change your job if your company failed to meet your expectations? This section aims to understand the laws movie, psychological contract; I aimed to see how employees respond to the broken promises of the compare, management. Do you think that the induction helps you in of attraction, understanding the company and its culture? Did you see a difference between the image of the company and to what did wiesel the world, the way that it treats employees? Did you find socialisation easy?
This section aims to understand the of attraction, adjustment process that employees undergo after starting their jobs; I aim to know if inductions help employees to compare the world adopt. The Role of the Employee Brand: Do you understand the brand of your company? Do you confuse the brand with the tangible products? Do you feel that customers are paying for the brand rather than the tangible product? Do you feel yourself part of the brand of your company? Do you think that your mood affects the of attraction movie, buying behaviour of your customers? If yes, please explain the reaction of your customers. If no, please explain to to what did wiesel compare us the test, reaction of to what did wiesel compare the world, your customers. How much more your customer would buy if your mood is good? How much less your customer would buy if your mood is book critique example, bad?
Do you think that the mood of did wiesel, your customer might be affected by your personal mood? Do customers buy your products and services if their mood is good given that your mood is when poem, bad? Do customers praise/condemn you if your mood is good/bad? If you are in a good/bad mood, do you explain more/less about the product? The aim of did wiesel the world, these questions is to try to understand the relationship between employee mood and the buying behaviour of the customer. We also aim to the veil understand the impact of employee mood on the customer mood in order to be able to know if the employee's bad mood will give bad impression about the store in general. We also would like to know the psychological reaction of the customer to the employee's mood. The thing that we would like to know is what are the little things that our customers would feel satisfied about and make us gain their loyal to us? How would you feel about pay difference between you and compare, senior management? Do you think that is fair?
Do you feel that you work harder than your senior managers? If you get paid more, would you perform better? Would you learn more about the products of the company? Would you be happy to do more things voluntarily? Do you feel yourself more motivated if you get more money? Do you think that your absenteeism will be reduced if your salary is higher? In this section, we aim to see how employees feel about the pay difference between them and their senior colleagues, and measure their frustration and poem, their expectations to what their pay should be.
We aim to study as well the relationship between pay rate and to what compare, learning about the company's products and services. We also aim to measure the relationship between pay rate and absenteeism, sickness, staff turn-over. Do you think that there is a subjective factor in understanding the senior management messages? Do you prefer to have the discretion in understanding the senior management messages? Do you prefer to work independently? Would you like to take the initiative by yourself in achieving the aims of the company? Would you work under instructions from middle management?
Do you think that the uncertainty in conveying messages between senior managers and employees is a source of poor performance? Are you satisfied with the current system of appraisals in your company? Do you feel that appraisals are important steps in guiding you to the best way to critique example work? Do you consider appraisals that are just a formality? Would you put more time and effort if appraisals are linked to your pay rate? Do you feel that there is a gap between appraisals and your after appraisals support and monitoring of compare the world, performance?
These questions aim to clarify the Hitler Germany Essay example, difference between the first and the second types of appraisals. It aims also to show that pay-related appraisals are more important than no-pay related appraisals. Different ways in order to achieve company's goals: Do you learn more by trial and error? Do you abide by the company's rules and conditions if you learn by trial and error? Do you prefer working under direct orders from to what did wiesel compare, middle management? Do you think that there is a set of optimal policies that would suit the company and on Prisoners,, regulate its work for a long time? Do you believe that we reach this set of compare the world, rules and conditions by accumulative learning?
This set of questions aims at understanding the impact of communications on performance. The questions aim to classify companies which change their rules and regulations(pro-active companies) according to an accumulative process or companies which set a fixed rules and regulations and poem, consider them as ideal (passive companies). Rationality vs. Behaviourism: Do you follow orders because you fear punishment? Do you like be appreciated by your colleagues?
How would you like to be appreciated? By money? Good word? Promotion? Does working for a company that promotes human rights and democracy work more? What is your stance towards working in a company that does not care about the environment? Do you think you will promote a company that cares about democracy and human rights or work for the company who pays better money?
Employees and Economics: Do you prefer to work in did wiesel compare, a non-cooperative company where the relationship between management and employees is struggle? Do you think that co-operative organizations will offer better communications than non-cooperative organizations. Do you feel that non-cooperative organizations protect your rights more than co-operative organizations? Would you sell the products of the company directly and indirectly to i have your friends and family? Would you feel more secure in did wiesel the world, non-cooperative organization? Would you work effectively to reduce theft and other ways of Testing on Prisoners, Not Animals Essay, shrinkage in to what compare, co-operative organizations?
Do you think that non-co-operative organizations will secure to you more pay rises than co-operative organizations? The aim of this set of questions is to try to understand the attitudes of employees towards co-operative and non-cooperative organizations. We aim also to briggs uk see if employees are willing to sell the products and services of the to what did wiesel compare the world, non-cooperative company to their friends and family. We also want to myers see if employees feel more secure in non-co-operative organization.
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Women#039;s History Month Essay Competition. Women's History Month. 12th Congressional District. Middle and High School. In honor of Women's History Month in March, I invited Middle and High School students throughout the did wiesel the world, 12th Congressional District to participate in a special essay competition in celebration of Womens History Month. I Have Fears Poem! Students were invited to write about a woman in history that inspires them; whose place in to what did wiesel the world, history has particular meaning to them today, or whose work is connected to current issues that they care about. Certificates of special congressional recognition were awarded to all participants who submitted an essay. One essay was selected for briggs each grade level.
Women's History Month Essay Competition Winners: Student: Alexis Stuart 6th grader at Birney Middle School, Southfield. I chose Ida B. Compare! Wells-Barnett because she inspires me the when i have, most. Ida B. To What! Wells-Barnett was born on July 16, 1862, in Holling springs, Mississippi. Test Uk! Wells had to raise her siblings because her parents were slave and died from yellow fever. She began teaching at the age of 14 in Memphis, Tennessee. Wells-Barnett started to write newspaper articles on education for African American children, using her pen name Iola. Since her teaching contract wasnt renewed she began to start journalism. In 1892, three of Wells friends were lynched by a mob.
Since this happened, Wells-Barnett started an article campaign against lynching. She encouraged blacks in Memphis to move west. Later on, Wells-Barnett established Chicagos Alpha Suffrage Club (the first black womens suffrage group). From 1898-1902, she worked as a secretary of the National Afro-African Council. In 1910 she established and became the to what compare the world, first president of the Negro Fellowship League. This league helped new migrants from the south. Wells-Barnett was one of the founders of the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People). Ida B. Wells-Barnett continued to fight for equal rights and died March 25, 1931. I believe that Ida B. Wells-Barnett inspired many people, including me because of her belief in equal rights.
I look up to her, because she wanted to make a big change and help African Americans. She never cared about how much she was endangering herself. All she cared about was the people. I dont think we would have ever come this far in America without Ida B. Wells-Barnett. When Poem! This made me notice that she set the bar in Civil Rights. Today, I think that Ida B. To What Did Wiesel! Wells-Barnett is not recognized enough for what she has done. Ida B. When I Have Fears! Wells-Barnett is a real crusader and a true leader. It is because of her that we now have the courage and strength to stand up and fight for to what did wiesel what we believe in.
Although Ida B. Wells-Barnett brought us a long way, we still have a long way to go. It is a century later, and African Americans are still dealing with racial discrimination. On February 26, 2012 a 17 year old African American teenage boy, Trayvon Martin was shot and killed by poem a neighborhood watch captain, George Zimmerman, in Sanford, Florida. Zimmerman noticed Trayvon while patrolling the neighborhood and became suspicious. Zimmerman called 911 to report Trayvon. He started to follow Trayvon, although he was told not to by the police. Zimmerman approached Trayvon and shot him once, killing him. Trayvon was not carrying a weapon. This event has sparked a nationwide outrage. Leaders of the to what compare the world, NAACP, American Civil Rights Union and the Nation of Islam called for the arrest at a town hall meeting in Sanford. Benjamin Jealous, president of the myers test uk, NAACP said, the rules of to what compare the world justice in this nation have failed when an innocent teenage boy can be shot to death by a vigilante and no arrest is made for Medical Testing Not Animals weeks. This is what Ida B. Wells-Barnett was fighting for, and this is what we are still fighting for today.
Student: Sydni Hill 7th grader at Brace Lederle K-8 School in Southfield. Teacher Ms. Bozanic. Born in Chicago, Illinois Michelle Obama graduated from did wiesel, Princeton University and briggs test got a J.D. from Harvard Law School, she now works at a law firm in Chicago. To What Compare The World! Michelle Obama is an inspiration to people everywhere from Asia to the United States of America and a great person as a whole. Critique Example! This sensation works as hard as she can to make the the world, world a better place weather it is speaking at a public school, volunteering at soup kitchens or at Hitler, homeless shelters she really does meet the standards of an almost perfect human being. Even before she became famous she and did wiesel the world her husband volunteered at soup kitchens and when poem homeless shelters such as Miriams Kitchen a soup kitchen in Washington. When she is not doing volunteer work she is promoting Lets Move the program Mrs. Did Wiesel! Obama is laws of attraction, most known for. Lets Move is a program were she tries to get kids to eat healthy and to be active for at least sixty minutes a day she also helps kids to find the did wiesel compare the world, joy of healthy living. Mrs. Obama also supports education traveling to different schools speaking about how important education is for Medical on Prisoners, a good future.
She also has a big influence on people as a person by donating her time and heart to the children of this generation .Mrs. Obama is a true royal to the fashion universe also as she helps the world in style. The phenomenon even excelled in to what the world, school as she and her brother skipped the second grade and she entered gifted class in the sixth grade where she learned French and had accelerated courses. In conclusion I wrote about Michelle Obama because I thought she was one of the best examples of what a powerful woman can do. Student: Aliyah Thomas 8th grader at Roseville Middle School, Roseville. Whats the first thing that comes to your mind when you hear the name Michelle Obama? Well, you may think of politics or Baracks wife, but did you know there is when i have fears, more to it?
Did you ever think about how inspirational she is did wiesel compare, or how much of du bois the veil a leader she is? No?! Well, youre about to hear it now. First, I just want to did wiesel the world, say she had a very interesting child hood. Medical Not Animals Essay! Michelle Obama was born January seventeenth, nineteen sixty-four. Did Wiesel! Her father worked the boiler room at Chicagos water purification and her mother was a stay-at home-home mom. The family had lived in a one-bedroom, one-bathroom apartment and she and her brother, Craig, shared the when fears, living room. But because her mom wanted Michelle and Craig to to what did wiesel compare, have a successful child hood, she was dedicated for them to focus on their school work. When I Have Poem! Fortunately, both Michelle and Craig were able to skip second grade.
In 2008, Michelle had become the first lady, but she was also focused on child obesity. She cared about childrens health and was determined to make a change. So she revamped the white house vegetable garden in order to promote sustainable eating and health diets. Later in 2010, she had accomplished her goal and worked hard to did wiesel, get kids to eat right. Du Bois! Such as replacing fries with veggies or running a fitness program. Now, youre probably thinking where is the to what did wiesel compare, fun side to Michelle Obama? Well, I can answer that for you. Michelle, as a kid, loved playing piano so much that she had to be told to du bois the veil, stop. She was also a young lawyer and she was assigned to be Obamas mentor when he came to her Chicago firm for a summer job. In October third, nineteen- ninety two, Michelle and Obama were engaged. Barack proposed at a fancy Chicago restaurant.
Plus Michelle has also guest starred in many kid shows like Sesame Street or I-Carly. Now, you know about Michelle Obama. How her childhood was, how much she cares about childrens health, and her past. Michelle Obama is a very inspirational woman as well, when it comes to teaching kids not to care what others think. She is determined to change the way we live for a better future. And thats why Michelle Obama is did wiesel the world, one of my heroes! Student: Drew Metcalf - 9th grader at Southfield Lathrup High School, Southfield. Teacher - Ms. Williams. When I think of a woman who had an important place in history and still has an impact today, I instantly think of Eleanor Roosevelt.
As the wife of a popular United States president, Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was born in New York City, October 11, 1884, and died November 7, 1962. Hitler And Nazi Essay! She was an active worker for did wiesel the world social causes and was a well known humanitarian. She was the niece of President Theodore Roosevelt, and in book critique example, 1905 she married her cousin Franklin Delano Roosevelt. Although she was extremely shy, Eleanor was a spectacular worker. First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt made herself a strong speaker on behalf of a wide range of social issues, and was even considered the most influential First Lady. She even served on Brandeis Universitys Board of to what compare the world Trustees from 1949 until her death in 1962 and was Visiting Lecturer of International Relations from 1959 to 1962.
Her lectures included, but werent limited to, youth employment and civil rights for African Americans and women. She did all of her work in self-confident, authoritative, independent, and briggs uk clever ways. Eleanor Roosevelt wanted improve the living conditions of the nations people. She was very vocal about her support of the to what compare, American Civil Rights Movement and of African-American rights. She made multiple visits to civilian and military morale while she served on a national committee on Medical Testing Not Animals, civil defense. Did Wiesel! In 1943, Eleanor, established Freedom House, because of her concern for peace and democracy.
Last, Eleanor strongly opposed the Equal Rights Amendment because it would prevent Congress and the states from Hitler and Nazi example, passing special protective Legislation that she believed woman workers needed. She also played an important role in drafting the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights. To What Did Wiesel Compare The World! Roosevelt served a the very first chairman of the UN Human Rights Commission. Eleanor started new paths for women and led the battle for du bois social justice everywhere. Today, she is still a powerful inspiration to leaders in both the civil rights and womens movements. Eleanor broke down the to what did wiesel compare the world, usual submissive image that was cast by traditional First Ladies, and reshaped it around her own skills and commitment. Myers Briggs! She was the first woman to speak in front of to what did wiesel compare a national convention, to earn money as a lecturer, to be a radio commentator, and to hold regular press conferences. She worked many hours of the day helping in whatever way she could during World War II. Eleanor Roosevelt is one of the most inspiring women in history, even in this day and age.
Student: Sarah Ross 10th grader at Sterling Heights High School, Sterling Heights. Coach Willie: The Power of Willie. I met her running. She teaches me chemistry in school and about life outside of school. Ive only known her for two years, but she has made a big impact on my life. Du Bois! This is Coach Willie. I met her my freshman year, in the summer when I joined cross country. She is the assistant coach for cross country and the head coach for track and field.
I participate in both sports and did wiesel the world I have a lot of fun doing it. Willie seems to always know exactly what to say and critique how to say it to keep me motivated and compare the world interested both in school and out. She cares a lot about what she does and encourages her athletes and students to not settle for the minimum because she knows we can give a lot more than what we sometimes want to give. She is at every meet and practice running with us, being there supporting us, giving us pointers and helping us get through the rough days and enjoy the Medical on Prisoners, Not Animals Essay, easy days. She keeps us positive during our hard work outs, helping us to push through, because in the end we are going to feel better for making it through. She helps us become a stronger runner, a stronger student, and a stronger person. Willie pushes us because she expects us to give 110% just as she gives to us when she coaches and teaches. She only wants the to what did wiesel, best for us and for us to the veil, get the best experience we can get in the running program and in did wiesel compare, school. Even when I had an injury last season and was not allowed to run, Willie always made me feel like I was still an important part of the team. Du Bois! She wants to see every kid have a successful life and to never ever want give up because of being tired or because of to what did wiesel doubting their ability to finish. Willie has that something that makes a person want to do their best, both for laws their own pride and happiness and to make Willie proud and happy too.
Willie helps me see how this applies to my own life as well: when I am having a bad day I just need to push through it because something good is always waiting in the end. Coach Willie is also there if you need someone to did wiesel compare the world, talk to, she listens very well and tries to help in any way possible. Testing On Prisoners, Not Animals! She has that unique ability to know when to did wiesel, give advice, listen, or act, depending on the situation at hand. Book Example! When I grow up, I can only compare the world hope that I turn out to be as caring and giving as Coach Willie, and I know her life lessons will help me always. Student: Amber Schultz 11th grader at Roseville High School, Roseville. Harriet Beecher Stowe: Stowes Influence. Every society is filled with deep dark secrets that often are overlooked because the issues, if brought to Hitler and Nazi example, light, would be hard to accept. When Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote Uncle Toms Cabin she was aware of this, yet that didnt stop her from publishing her controversial book on slavery.
In a time when women were disenfranchised, Stowe used her writing to influence her world. To What The World! In modern society, Stowes influence is of attraction movie, often forgotten; school history books only give her a couple of sentences in a 500 page book. Yet when I read those few sentences, I was inspired. Ever since I was a tyke, I have loved to write. Most of to what compare my stories took place in far away places, in lands that did not exist. Yet when I picked up my history book one regular school day I saw the name Harriet Beecher Stowe highlighted in the text. When the book Uncle Toms Cabin was mentioned, my teacher spoke more in depth about this woman, I became increasingly interested. The history book recalled how Uncle Toms Cabin had opened the eyes of many people to the brutality of slavery. The influence the publication of Stowes book had on society was tremendous. Uncle Toms Cabin is the second most translated book in the world.
Stowes courage really struck me as powerful. She opened my eyes to and Nazi Germany example, the fact that I as a writer have the power to influence peoples perspectives. There are many problems in the world which need light shed upon them. In my world, I see bullying as an to what did wiesel, esculating problem. As I honed my writing skills, an idea for a book plot came to du bois the veil, me. Just as Stowe had written about the brutality of slavery, I wanted to write a book that uncovered the mental and did wiesel physical damages of the victims of bullying. As a high school student, I feel as though I have no real power to influence the du bois, nation. Im a child; society sees me as nothing more than a student learning the works of the world.
What would I know? But Stowe had even greater odds stacked against her. Women in to what compare, her time were expected to create a nurturing home for laws movie their husbands, but were hardly asked for did wiesel compare the world their opinions. Stowe spread her opinion across the toast of of attraction movie society like melted butter. Compare The World! By having the confidence to publish her works, Stowe became a great influence that changed peoples perspectives, contributing to the demise of du bois slavery. Lately, whenever I have doubts about writing for a living, Stowes influence on the slave trade reminds me that words can change the world. Did Wiesel Compare! Who knows? I might even change societys perspective and open the doors to Hitler Germany, the damage of bullying. Student: Michelle Rosen - 12th grader at Southfield Lathrup High School, Southfield.
Kozmic Blues: Janis Joplins Influence on Me, the World, and did wiesel compare the world Everything Else. They called her Pearl. They called her the queen of psychedelic soul. Some even called her Tex. No matter what she was known as, though, one thing is certain: Janis Joplin changed the uk, game. As one of the forerunners of the 1960s counterculture movement, Joplin was a pioneer as well as an artist, and her lasting influence served to to what, create greater opportunities for briggs test women all over to what did wiesel, America. Though some would prefer to remember her as a drugged-up hippie whose time had come, it is an indisputable fact that her legacy made a distinct and powerful impact on popular culture both during her time, and for of attraction movie years afterward.
Perhaps the most significant effect Joplin had was that of expanding the horizons of rock and roll. To What Compare The World! Other than Grace Slick, lead singer of the psychedelic-rock group Jefferson Airplane, there were virtually no female rock stars. Before Joplins rise to prominence, it was not socially acceptable for the veil women to leave their domestic sphere for what was considered a radical, subversive style of music. The World! Later female rock-and-rollers such as Stevie Nicks and Joan Jett owe their careers to the doors that Joplin opened. Briggs Uk! The rock world was essentially a blank canvas as far as women were concerned, and Janis painted it more colorfully than her iconic Porsche. To What Compare! Without her influence, girls today could only dream of the opportunity to Medical Testing Not Animals, play an electric guitar on stage in front of 15,000 people now, that opportunity is open to anyone with enough talent, drive, and luck.
In addition to breaking gender barriers in the music world, Joplin hacked away at some other social stigmas as well. Early in her career, she commissioned an artist to tattoo a wristlet and small heart on her wrist. To What Did Wiesel Compare! This occurred when tattoos were viewed negatively by du bois the majority of the public, and thus she was at the very beginning of the to what the world, movement to of attraction, promote them as art. Obviously she was not the only celebrity with a tattoo, but there is no denying her influence in did wiesel, promoting her body art as just that: art. Additionally, she is known for her flamboyant style, which often included scarves, hats, beads, and Lennon-esque glasses.
Through this, she promoted individualism; thus she was not only making a fashion statement, but also a social statement, asserting that people should be free to wear what they like regardless of trendiness. This has certainly motivated girls and young women to develop their own styles without harming their self-esteem. Janis Joplin embodied everything that the 1960s counterculture movement represented: the Medical, love, the freedom, and the peace all tied into one beautiful, psychedelic soul. She opened more doors for women in compare the world, music than almost any woman before or since, creating opportunities for females in rock and roll that gave us some of the greatest albums in history. Her unique individual style was a tribute to her eccentric personality, and taught women that fashion doesnt have to be about whats on the cover of Vogue magazine. As the first female rock and laws movie roll superstar and a pioneer of a whole new world, Janis continues to serve as an inspiration to so many people. She truly is the Queen of Rock and did wiesel compare the world Roll. A Brief History of Germany Women's History Month.
The public celebration of womens history in the United States began in 1978 as Womens History Week in California. In 1981, Sen. To What Compare The World! Barbara Mikulski (D-MD) and Sen. Myers! Orrin Hatch (R-Utah) co-sponsored a joint Congressional resolution announcing a national Womens History Week. To What Did Wiesel Compare! Six years later, in test uk, 1987, Congress voted to expand the celebration to a month, dedicating the compare the world, month of March as Womens History Month.
Visit the Women in Congress webpage to learn more. Sign up to receive email updates. Welcome to the on-line office for Congressman Sandy Levin. Please visit the Contact Me page to contact Sandy electronically or click on Medical on Prisoners,, the office location nearest you for details. 1236 Longworth HOB.
Washington, DC 20515. Phone: (888) 810-3880. Fax: (202) 226-1033. Hours: M-F 8AM-6PM EST Please note: Office hours may vary depending on the legislative schedule. To What Did Wiesel Compare The World! Please call 202-225-4961 to confirm. 27085 Gratiot Ave.
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8 Simple Business Plan Templates for Entrepreneurs. To What Compare The World. Writing a business plan is an important step in the startup process. It helps you and your partners decide if you will work well together, teaches you about the marketplace, and lets you brainstorm business and and Nazi Essay example product goals. Did Wiesel The World. But because of all the Testing on Prisoners, Not Animals effort and detail involved, many entrepreneurs dread the thought of sitting down and creating this critical but time-consuming document. While business plans can be frustrating if you#39;re writing one from scratch, there are plenty of to what did wiesel compare, online templates available to take some of the pain out of the process. Small business owners can benefit from simple, easy-to-follow business-plan tools so they can spend less time writing and movie more time launching. Here are eight resources you can use to help you craft a professional business plan quickly and easily. You#39;ve heard about to what did wiesel compare those entrepreneurs who started off by du bois the veil, jotting down their ideas on a napkin at a bar, café or restaurant. $100 Startup#39;s One-Page Business Plan is a little like that, but more organized. Designed for entrepreneurs who are itching to get started, this simple business-plan template asks a handful of questions that you can easily answer in one or two sentences.
It covers everything from what you sell and who will buy it to how you will get paid, hustle to find customers, foresee challenges and overcome the did wiesel compare obstacles all in a single page. [Writing a Business Plan? Do These 5 Things First] Not all small businesses are concerned with credit lines, partnerships and office space at least not in the beginning. Laws Of Attraction Movie. So why should their initial business plans include these things? Copyblogger#39;s Remarkably Simple Business Plan doesn#39;t. Instead, it offers a business-plan template fit for the real would-be entrepreneur#39;s world. Whereas most business-plan templates assume all businesses are uniform, Copyblogger#39;s Remarkably Simple Business Plan was created to get to what entrepreneurs really need to know to start a business: the ins and outs of the to what compare product or service, how customers will find the business and how the business will make money. The Veil. Simply copy and paste the template of the compare the world Remarkably Simple Business Plan, created by Sonia Simone, co-founder and chief content officer of Copyblogger Media, and you#39;re good to go. Founded in 2011, Enloop is regarded as an Essay, innovative player in the business-plan-creation industry. Like many others, the service uses an to what compare, online interface to help automate your business plan#39;s creation. To get started, users enter basic information about their businesses, including product details.
Then, Enloop#39;s software uses metrics to help predict the financial performance of the company in comparison with others in the sector. Briggs Test Uk. According to CEO Cynthia McCahon, the to what compare goal of the myers briggs test uk company is to help entrepreneurs make better-informed decisions. Users can get started on Enloop for free; more advanced paid options are also available. LivePlan is to what compare, a relatively new entrant to the online business-tools market that helps you every step of the way, from the planning stages through your launch. Like other services, LivePlan allows business owners to craft perfectly formatted plans. Laws Of Attraction. From there, users can create the presentation necessary to pitch their business ideas to would-be investors. To What. Once off the ground, businesses can track revenue and when fears poem expenses against forecasts, and multiple users within a company can work through the LivePlan interface.
Pricing starts at less than $12 a month. The One Page Business Plan Company. Created by The One Page Business Plan Company, this simple business template covers only the key areas entrepreneurs need to address to start a business: their vision for the company, mission for why the to what did wiesel the world business exists, objectives for setting out goals, strategies to make the business successful and action plans indicating what work needs to myers test uk, be done. Unlike complicated business plans, boring blocks of text are not required bullet points will do. Did Wiesel. Are you the Testing visual type? Look no further than Angela Bowman#39;s One-Page Visual Business Plan. Based on the principles of the Business Generation Model Strategyzer app, Bowman#39;s One-Page Visual Business Plan uses sticky notes to help you creatively craft an out-of-the-box business plan. To What. To create a One-Page Visual Business Plan, start by separating a single page into different sections or columns, such as company information and Medical customer segments. Write down your ideas or responses on a sticky note, and then stick it on the corresponding section. You can also color-code the sticky notes for better organization.
Then, if your plans change, you can easily remove a note, move it around or add new ones to compare the world, better fit the direction in which your business is briggs uk, headed. Did Wiesel Compare. SBA Build Your Business Plan Tool. The fact that the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) has an Not Animals Essay, online tool to to what did wiesel, help users craft business plans will come as no surprise to anyone who has investigated the SBA#39;s offerings before. The agency has a wealth of free planning, financing and consulting tools and when i have poem resources, both online and through available consultants. The SBA#39;s online tool for business-plan creation allows a user to to what did wiesel compare, enter information on a Web interface that is tied to the veil, that user#39;s account. The administration says this is intended to be a live plan that can be referred to and changed as the did wiesel compare the world company#39;s plans progress. The SBA encourages entrepreneurs to use their generated plans to discuss their company#39;s prospects with SBA advisers like those available through SCORE and the Small Business Development Center.
The SBA#39;s tool is available online at Medical on Prisoners, Not Animals Essay no cost. Greg Go, co-founder of to what did wiesel compare, online finance community Wise Bread, is a big believer that entrepreneurs who are just starting out don#39;t need lengthy business plans. What they actually need, he said, is an internal working plan to get started. The internal working plan consists of four simple questions that make up the simple business plan: What is your product or service? Who are your customers? When will things get done? When are bills due, and when do you get paid? To guide entrepreneurs in completing their four-question business plan, Go provides a simplified way of answering each question in his blog post on the subject.
Editor#39;s note: If you#39;re looking for information to help you with writing a complete business plan, use the questionnaire below to have our sister site provide you with information from Medical Testing Not Animals a variety of vendors for free. Updated on May 1, 2015. Additional reporting by Business News Daily staff writer Sara Angeles.
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essay on compare the world the dot Read the topic and sample essay, then study the comments. Click on the highlighted text for comments about the veil, academic writing conventions; click on to what did wiesel compare the world the notes in the margin for of attraction, commentary on the essay. Birth rates are falling in developed countries. There is to what the world one simple reason for this - young people nowadays are just too selfish and too self-centred to have children.
And this is particularly true of women. To what extent do you agree with this view? Support your argument with relevant readings and du bois, evidence. Countries in the developed world have seen a big shift in attitudes to population growth. Several generations ago, it was generally believed that too many babies were being born, and that societies should try to reduce their populations. Nowadays, however, the the world, concern is the reverse - that birthrates are falling too low and laws of attraction, that urgent action is needed to encourage people to have more children. But what are the causes of this trend? And how much are the attitudes and lifestyles of young people to blame? This essay will consider a number of did wiesel the world, explanations for the so-called baby crash. Book Example? My argument will be that to hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful.
The best explanation, I believe , is to be found in to what did wiesel, the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by the young. The birth rate has fallen dramatically in many parts of the world. To take several examples, in Europe in laws, 1960, the total fertility rate (TFR) was about 2.6 births per female, but in 1996 it had fallen to 1.4 (Chesnais, 1998) . In many Asian countries, similar declines have been experienced. Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) . A TFR of below 2.0 means that a country#039;s population is not replaced, and thus there is a net population decline. This ageing of the population has the potential to create serious problems. Fewer children being born means that in the long term, a smaller proportion of the populace will be economically productive, whilst a larger proportion will be old and economically dependent - in the form of pension, health care and other social services. Most experts agree that these greying societies will not be able escape serious social and economic decline in the future (Chesnais, 1998). So what are the causes of this trend and what can be done to did wiesel compare, stop it? One common approach has been to lay the blame on young people and their supposedly self-centred values. It is argued that in developed societies, we now live in a post-materialist age, where individuals do not have to be so concerned about basic material conditions to survive (McDonald, 2000a). Thus people, especially the young, have become more focussed on the values of self-realisation and the satisfaction of and Nazi Germany example, personal preferences, at the expense of traditional values like raising a family.
A strong version of this view is did wiesel compare the world put forward by Japanese sociologist, Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) . He uses the term parasite singles to refer to grown children in their 20s and 30s who have left school and are employed, but remain unmarried and continue live at home with their parents. These young people are spoilt, he says, and interested only in laws of attraction movie, their own pleasure - mainly in to what the world, the form of shopping. According to poem, Yamada , it is this focus on self, more than any other factor, that is responsible for Japan#039;s languishing birth rate (Ashby, 2000). In other developed countries, there is a similar tendency for the young to remain at home enjoying a single lifestyle - and a similar tendency for older people to interpret this as selfishness (McDonald, 2000a). But is it reasonable to attribute the to what compare the world, baby crash to the pleasure-seeking values of the young? The problem with this view is that whenever young people are surveyed about their attitudes to family, not only of attraction do they say they want to have children, they also express preferences for to what the world, family sizes that are, on average, above the example, replacement level (McDonald, 2000a). As an to what the world, example, McDonald quotes an Australian study that found that women aged 20-24 expected to have an average of 2.33 children in when i have fears, their lifetime. Findings like this suggest that the the world, values of the young are not at all incompatible with the briggs uk, idea of having a family.
It seems then that, as young people progress through their twenties and thirties, they encounter obstacles along the way that prevent them from fulfilling their plans to compare the world, be parents. Some conservative thinkers believe the main obstacle is the changed role and status of women (eg. Norton, 2003). According to this view, because young women now have greater educational and career opportunities than in previous generations, they are finding the idea of family and motherhood less attractive. Book Critique? Thus, educated middle class women are delaying marriage and childbirth or even rejecting motherhood altogether. It is claimed that women#039;s improved status - which may be a good thing in itself - has had the unfortunate consequence of threatening population stability.
But there are several problems with this argument. For one, the did wiesel, lowest TFRs in du bois the veil, Europe are found in Spain and did wiesel compare the world, Italy (around 1.2), both more traditional, male-oriented societies, which offer fewer opportunities to women. In comparison, Sweden which has been a leading country in advancing the rights of Hitler Germany Essay example, women enjoys a higher TFR (1.6 in 1996) - even though it is still below replacement. Chesnais (1998: p. 99) refers to this contrast as the feminist paradox and concludes that empowerment of women [actually] ensures against a very low birth rate (my emphasis) . Another problem with trying to link improved education levels for women to low birth rates is that fertility in developed countries seems to be declining across all education and class levels. In a recent survey of Australian census data, Birrell (2003) found that, whereas the non-tertiary-educated group was once very fertile, its rate of partnering is now converging towards that of tertiary educated women. We can summarise the discussion to this point as follows: Young people today, in spite of what#039;s said about their values, still express a desire to have children. However, few end up having as many as they say they would like. The improved education and career opportunities for women does not seem to compare, be the du bois the veil, decisive factor in reducing the to what did wiesel compare, number of children that a woman has. These conclusions suggest that there must be something else involved.
Many writers are now pointing to a different factor - the economic condition of young people and their growing sense of insecurity. Peter McDonald (2000a) in his article #039;Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and policy responses#039; discusses some of the things that a couple will consider when they are thinking of having a child. One type of thinking is what McDonald calls Rational Choice Theory, whereby a couple make an assessment of the relative costs and benefits associated with becoming a parent. The Veil? In traditional societies, there has usually been an economic benefit in having children because they can be a source of labour to help the to what did wiesel the world, family. In developed societies, however, children now constitute an economic cost, and so, it is argued, the benefits are more of a psychological kind - for Hitler and Nazi example, example, enjoying the status of being a parent, having baby who will be fun and will grow up to love you, having offspring who will carry on to what the family name etc. The problem, McDonald suggests, is that for many couples nowadays the economic cost can easily outweigh any perceived psychological benefits. McDonald (2000b) discusses another type of Hitler and Nazi Germany example, decision-making - Risk Aversion Theory - which he says is also unfavourable to the birth rate.
According to this theory, when we make important decisions in our lives life, if we perceive uncertainty in our environment, we usually err on the side of safety in order to avert risk. McDonald points to to what did wiesel compare the world, a rise in myers, economic uncertainty which he thinks has steered a lot of young people away from to what did wiesel, life-changing decisions like marriage and parenthood: Jobs are no longer lifetime jobs. There is a strong economic cycle of the veil, booms and busts. Geographic mobility may be required for employment purposes (McDonald, 2000: p.15). Birrell (2003) focuses on did wiesel increased economic uncertainty for men. Referring to the situation in book critique, Australia, he discusses men#039;s reluctance to form families in terms of perceived costs and to what did wiesel the world, risks: Many men are poor - in 2001, 42 per cent of men aged 25-44 earnt less than $32,000 a year. Example? Only two-thirds of men in this age group were in full-time work. Compare? Young men considering marriage could hardly be unaware of the risks of marital breakdown or the long-term costs, especially when children are involved (Birrell, 2003: p.12). And Yuji Genda (2000) in Japan, responding to Yamada#039;s analysis of parasite singles, argues that the failure of young Japanese to leave home and when i have fears, start families is did wiesel compare the world not due to self-indulgence, but is an du bois the veil, understandable response to increasingly difficult economic circumstances.
Genda (2000) notes that it is the young who have had to to what did wiesel the world, bear the brunt of the decade long restructuring of the Japanese economy, with youth unemployment hovering around 10% and a marked reduction in secure full-time jobs for the young. Young people around the world seem to du bois, have an increasing perception of economic uncertainty and contemplate something their parents would have found impossible - a decline in living standards over their lifetime. According to a 1990 American survey, two thirds of respondents in the 18-29 age group thought it would be more difficult for their generation to live as comfortably as previous generations (cited in did wiesel, Newman, 2000: p.505). Du Bois The Veil? Furthermore, around 70% believed they would have difficulty purchasing a house, and around 50% were worried about their future. The World? Findings like these suggest that the younger generation may be reluctant to have children, not because they have more exciting things to do, but because they have doubts about their capacity to provide as parents. If we accept that economics has played a significant role in young people choosing to have fewer babies, then the key to reversing this trend is for governments to take action to remove this sense of insecurity. A number of policy approaches have been suggested. Some writers have focussed on the need for better welfare provisions for test uk, families - like paid parental leave, family allowances, access to child care, etc (Chesnais, 1998).
Others have called for more radical economic reforms that would increase job security and raise the living standards of the young (McDonald, 2000b). It is hard to know what remedies are needed. What seems clear, however, is that young people are most unlikely to reproduce simply because their elders have told them that it is selfish to do otherwise. To What? Castigating the young will not have the effect of uk, making them willing parents; instead it is likely to just make them increasingly resentful children. Ashby, J. (2000). Parasite singles: Problem or victims? The Japan Times.
7/04/02. Birrell, B. (2003). Fertility crisis: why you can#039;t blame the blokes. The Age 17/01/03 p. 14. Chesnais, J-C. (1998). Below-replacement fertility in the European Union: Facts and Policies, 1960-1997. Review of Population and Social Policy, No 7, pp. 83-101. Genda, Y. (2000). A debate on Japan#039;s Dependent Singles, Japan Echo, June, 2000, pp.
47-56. Ichimura, S. and to what compare the world, N. Ogawa (2000). Policies to meet the challenge of an aging society with declining fertility: Japan and other East Asian countries. Paper presented at the 2000 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, Los Angeles, USA. McDonald, P. (2000a). Low fertility in Australia: Evidence, causes and when poem, policy responses. To What Compare? People and Place, No 8:2. pp 6-21. McDonald, P. (2000b).
The toolbox of Hitler and Nazi Essay example, public policies to impact on fertility - a global view. Paper prepared for the Annual Seminar 2000 of the European Observatory on to what the world Family Matters, Low Fertility, families and du bois, Public Policies, Sevilla (Spain), 15-16 September 2000. Norton, A. (2003). Student debt: A HECS on fertility? Issue Analysis No 3. Melbourne: Centre for Independent Studies. Newman, D. (2000).
Sociology: Exploring the architecture of everyday life. California: Pine Forge. Notice what the question is to what the world asking students to do - in this case saying how much they agree with the #039;view#039; in the topic. What do you think? Is this a reasonable explanation for the declining birthrate? Hint: always spend some time looking over uk and thinking about an to what compare the world, essay topic before you start your planning and reading for it. Test? As part of this thinking, you should give some thought to the world, what your position (argument) could be. Notice how in i have, the introduction, this student writer: introduces the topic area in a general way (ie. declining birthrates) introduces the to what compare the world, main issue to be covered in Medical Testing Not Animals, the essay (ie. why this is happening). Hint: there are many different ways you can begin an essay - if you are stuck, try beginning with i) and ii). In the last part of the introduction, the student introduces his argument.
Notice how he disagrees with the explanation in the topic, and then offers an alternative explanation. Hint: in did wiesel the world, the introduction it is always a good idea to state what you intend to argue. In this paragraph, the student considers the first part of the topic - that birth rates have fallen. This is presented as background information. Notice how the student begins the laws of attraction, paragraph with a claim (that the to what, birth rate has fallen dramatically in laws of attraction, many parts of the world) and then supports this with relevant evidence (statistics from Europe and Asia).
Hint: in your writing be aware when you are making claims - be aware also of the need to support them with some evidence. After giving some background in paragraph 2, the student reminds the reader what the main issue is - why birthrates have declined? Notice also that the student has seen the to what did wiesel compare the world, issue as a #039;problem#039; - and asks What can be done about it? Hint: always be aware what the main issue is you are addressing in your work. This paragraph mainly summarises the ideas of critique example, those who think young people are to blame for declining birthrates. Notice how in to what compare the world, the first part of the paragraph, these ideas are discussed in a general way.
In the second part, the student focuses on i have the ideas of a single writer (Yamada) as a specific example of this view. Hint: always try to find opportunities in your work to engage with the compare, ideas of individual writers. The previous paragraph was concerned with summarising some ideas. Notice how in this new paragraph, the student provides a critique of these ideas. (Recall the Medical Testing Essay, student#039;s argument in the introduction: . to hold young people responsible is neither valid nor helpful). To What Compare? Notice too that the student provides some supporting evidence for this critique - mainly from the work of McDonald. Hint: it is quite OK to criticise the ideas of other writers - in fact many essay topics will specifically ask you to do this. But if you are going to be critical, you need to provide good reasons for movie, your critique. Recall that the did wiesel compare the world, topic suggested that young people were to blame for declining birthrates - and then went on to single out du bois women.
In this paragraph, the student takes up this gender issue. Hint: aim to structure your essays so that all issues in the topic are covered - and in some logical sequence. In this paragraph the student seeks to dismiss the view that young women are to blame. (There are several problems with this argument).Notice that the student then goes on to explain these problems (For one. ; Another problem is that . ). Hint: the providing of to what did wiesel compare the world, a well-organised critique is something your lecturers will value highly in your work. Recall the second part of the Medical Testing on Prisoners, Essay, student#039;s argument stated in the introduction: The best explanation is to be found in the condition of increased economic insecurity faced by to what did wiesel the world, the young. The student now elaborates on this part of the laws of attraction movie, argument.
Hint: remember that the argument is the key to any essay you write. In the body of your essay, you need to be sure that your argument comes through clearly. Providing evidence for the argument. The student is to what did wiesel the world arguing that economic insecurity experienced by young people is the main reason why the birthrate is in decline. Notice how in Hitler Germany Essay, the rest of the compare, essay, he seeks to briggs uk, support this argument with various forms of evidence. The student presents a range of evidence: several theories discussed by McDonald some research by did wiesel compare, Birrell comments by Genda results of a US survey. Hint: it is important to have an argument in your essay.
But it is equally important to provide support for what you are arguing. Your essays will be judged mainly on your ability to do these two things. There are a number of things happening in the conclusion. In the example, first sentence, the student restates his argument - if we accept that. . He then goes on to discuss what could be done to deal with the problem. In broad terms this is a discussion of the implications of the students#039; argument. Notice also how the student mentions the negative implications of the did wiesel compare the world, blaming approach. Hint: a conclusion that only the veil restates the to what the world, argument can be a bit uninteresting. You might also like to consider the implications of your argument - but you should do this briefly. Think: I have argued for this position - so what might follow on from this.
You may have noticed that this essay is quite tightly structured. Its paragraph structure can be set out thus: Introduction Background to issue Explanation point 1 - summary student#039;s critique Explanation point 2 - summary student#039;s critique Student#039;s alternative explanation - Evidence 1 - Evidence 2 - Evidence 3 Conclusion. Hint: always try to map out myers briggs test a structure for your essay. Do this before you do too much writing. You may have noticed that the essay is free of spelling, typographical and grammatical errors. Hint: always read your work very carefully before you submit it. Avoid doing your editing on to what compare the screen. The Veil? Always print out and edit from a hard copy.
Note in to what did wiesel the world, the references section, you need to list all the texts you have referred to (cited) in the essay - not all the texts you have read, as some students mistakenly believe. Example? Notice that the sample essay refers to a total of nine texts. This is a good number, and indicates that the student has done a fair amount of reading. Hint: try to include a reference to most of the texts that you read for an essay - so that you can build up a reasonable list of the world, references. Medical Testing On Prisoners, Not Animals Essay? Of course, all references have to be relevant to your argument. Notice how the to what did wiesel compare, student uses I in his essay: The best explanation, I believe, is.
And in the previous sentence, another first person pronoun is used: My argument is that . Some students have the impression that they are not allowed to use these words in their written work. Of Attraction Movie? But in fact they can often be found in compare the world, academic writing. In general, the book example, best place to use them is in the introduction - when you are presenting your argument. But if you are concerned that it is not OK to use I, you can use other expressions - which avoid self-reference, but which mean much the same thing, e.g. This essay will argue that . Remember though, that the really important issue is not the words you use to present your argument - but that your essay actually has a clear argument. Try to did wiesel compare, keep your paragraphs a reasonable length. (Most paragraphs in this essay are around 7-8 sentences long.) Citations are used to indicate the source of the ideas you have used in your essay. Du Bois? Note that there are two main citation systems: the author-date system (also known as Harvard); the footnote system (also known as Oxford). In this essay, the author-date system has been used. (Always check which system is required in each of your subjects.) Citation 2 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000) Citations can be set out in a number of ways.
One method is to present some information and then provide the citation immediately after it to to what compare, indicate the critique example, source. These are known as #039;information-prominent#039; citations eg: Japan now has a birthrate of only about 1.3, and Hong Kong#039;s has fallen to below 1.0 (Ichimura and Ogawa, 2000). Other formats are considered further on. Citation 3 Masahiro Yamada (cited in Ashby, 2000) This citation means that the student is dealing with the ideas of Yamada, but actually read about them in Ashby#039;s text.
Whilst you should make an effort to read ideas in their original form, this is not always possible. In such cases, use the #039;cited in#039; format. When you are summarising the ideas of a writer, you need to to what compare the world, use reporting expressions like the ones used here: He [Yamada] uses the term . According to Yamada. You use these to distance yourself from certain language. eg. when you are using an informal expression, or a term used by Medical Testing Essay, others that you don#039;t necessarily agree with. In this paragraph, the student wants to reject the view in the topic - that young people#039;s selfishness is to did wiesel compare, blame for the declining birthrate.
Notice how he does this in a careful way, by critique example, using expressions like: Findings like this suggest that . It seems then that . Being careful about the way you express your claims is a distinctive feature of academic style. When you quote an author (like Chesnais here) you need to use quotation marks, and indicate the the world, exact page number in the citation. Sometimes you may need to change the wording of the quote slightly so that it fits into Hitler and Nazi example, your sentence. If you need to add/change any words, use [ ]; if you need to delete words, use . (Whilst it is OK to change the wording of to what did wiesel compare, a quote, you must never change its sense.) Use italics when you want to emphasise a word. (When you do this in a quote, you need to test, indicate that it is your emphasis.) It#039;s OK to use dot points in an essay (or numbered points here), but use them very sparingly. Citation 4 Peter McDonald (2000a) . discusses. Notice how in compare the world, some citations the author can be part of the sentence: Peter McDonald (2000a) . And Nazi Germany? discusses some of the compare, things etc.
This is laws movie known as an #039;author-prominent#039; citation and is very common in academic writing. Notice the use of reporting verbs in this citation type (discusses). Use #039;inverted commas#039; for the title of an article. Use italics for the title of to what compare the world, a book. Notice some of the other reporting expressions used in the student#039;s summary of Peter McDonald#039;s ideas: . what McDonald calls. . McDonald points to . . which he thinks. It#039;s very important to make it clear to your reader when one paragraph ends and i have fears, a new one begins. In this paragraph (#9), there is some potential for confusion.
Notice how the student has used indenting to make this clear. Quotes of more than one sentence in length should be separated from the main text. Notice how these are indented and are in a slightly smaller font. Again you should indicate the page number. You only have to provide a separate list of to what compare the world, references when you use the author-date system. Entries should be set out in alphabetical order. Each entry should generally be set out in the following order and format: Author family name, Initial. (date). Title. Myers Briggs Test Uk? Place: Publisher. It is becoming increasingly common for to what did wiesel the world, students to fears poem, refer to sources from the compare the world, world wide web in their essays. In addition to providing author and title of site, you need to include: the URL for the site when you accessed the myers test, site.
Although web references can be very useful, you obviously need to exercise some caution - there is a lot of junk around. Compare The World? Check all sites carefully to be sure the Germany Essay, information provided has credibility (.edu and .org sites are generally the more reliable). Problems? Questions? Comments?
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