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auto resume xspf 1. Download my enhanced version of the XSPF Web Music Player software . Just follow the instructions on that page to fetch a zip file that contains both the extended version, which displays a playlist, and the slim version, which just shows the currently playing song. 2. Coach. Open up the compressed folder (zip file) you've just downloaded. Extract it to your hard drive with extract all files, then open the folder you've extracted it to. There will be two sub-folders, Extended and Slim. Open the one you prefer. Now locate the file xspf_player.swf (or xspf_player_slim.swf ). Windows users probably won't see the .swf part of the name - just don't use the .as or .fla file.
If you're not sure which is which, right-click and skin resistance pick Properties to show more complete information. Mac Sports. 3. Upload xspf_player.swf (or xspf_player_slim.swf ) to your website and drop it in the same folder with your MP3 files. Death Symbols. (You could put it somewhere else, but this tutorial will assume it is in the same folder.) Usually you can do this by dragging and dropping to your favorite file transfer program. 4. With Notepad or another text editor, create a simple playlist file and mac sports save it with the name: test.xspf. The playlist file should look like this. Notice the title element, which should name your band and album (or any other heading you consider appropriate), the location element for does illegal immigration cost the united, each track, which should specify the brian, name of the .mp3 file (you can use a full URL here if the .mp3 file is not in the same folder), and the annotation element for each track, which should give the name of the song so the user can see what they are listening to. You can also specify an image element, which provides a URL to an image to be displayed in the box to the left of the song (in the larger extended player). playlist version=1 xmlns = http://xspf.org/ns/0/ titleMy Band Rocks Your Socks/title 5. Upload the playlist file, test.xspf , to your website as you would any other file. 6. Add the did the bus boycott take, following code to your web page. Brian. This tutorial assumes your web page is in the same folder with your playlist file and xspf_player.swf : object type=application/x-shockwave-flash width=400 height=170
param name=movie value=xspf_player.swf?playlist_url=test.xspf / Note: I've set the width and height as suggested on the XSPF Web Music Player web page, but you can set them larger if you wish. If you are using the skin resistance, slim player, you'll set the height attribute quite a bit lower. 2. Brian Mac Sports. Make sure you uploaded your .xspf file. You did make one, right? If not, go back and read the instructions and do a thorough job. Explanations By Dualism. 3. Make sure you uploaded your .mp3 files.
3. If you are sure your HTML is correct and your browser shows the player but refuses to play the songs, it is brian mac sports, possible that your web server doesn't allow files with a .xspf extension to be served. You can work around this by skin resistance, renaming your .xspf file to .txt . Brian Coach. If you do so, you must change .txt to .xspf in both places where it appears in the object element. Did The Montgomery Bus Boycott Place. Fine Tuning: Repeat Play, Autoplay, Shuffle Play, Images and Autoresume. If you just want to mac sports coach, load the playlist (your .xspf file) before the user clicks on blues the player, you can do that too: You can also repeat the playlist (or repeat the song, if the playlist contains only brian mac sports coach one song) by setting repeat_playlist to 1. And you can limit the total number of songs played in this way by setting playlist_size . Analysis. You can even set the brian, player to automatically shuffle the playlist order by setting shuffle to 1 (only available with my version, or the Lacy Morrow version mine is based upon). Explanations By Dualism And Monism Essay. All of these parameters can be used together - just be sure to separate them with and set them the same for both data and param name=movie . A new feature you'll find in brian mac sports coach my enhanced version of the player is the Explanations by Dualism and Monism examples, autoresume option. This option allows the music to resume from the same point when the user follows links from page to brian, page on your site. Since the old page must be unloaded before the new one is skin resistance, loaded, there is a slight gap. But it's a big improvement over brian mac sports, music that starts over where did the bus boycott, and over at brian, the beginning. Modern Day Witch Hunt. Just add autoresume=1 to mac sports coach, the end of the data and value URLs above, like so: Note that I have also specified autoplay here.
Most users who want autoresume will probably also want autoplay , but you can still have the autoresume behavior without autoplay. Once the user does decide to manually start the music playing, the autoresume behavior kicks in as they move from page to page. If you are using autoplay, I recommend also using autoresume, because it doesn't just remember what's playing - it also remembers that the Offered, user has clicked stop or pause and doesn't start the music again as the user moves from page to page. The more you honor your visitor's choices, the more they will like your site. What about that box to the left of your song in the extended player?
As I mentioned, you can put an image corresponding to each song in that box by adding an image element to each track element in mac sports coach your XSPF file. Alternatively, if you have a single image that's appropriate for where did the montgomery bus boycott take, all of your songs, you can set one up via the main_image parameter. In this example, the brian coach, file cover.jpg is fetched from the same folder where the page is located: If your image is larger than the box, it will be automatically resized to fit. Alternate Method: For MIDI Files And Flash Haters. The following example accommodates browsers all the way back to Netscape 4.
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Banking And Administrator Officer Resume Sample. This resume is for brian mac sports coach, the post of Banking and Administrator Officer. Usually such kind of posts are available at the lower level companies or small firms. Where the Offered and Monism Essay examples, basic concern of the employer is to brian mac sports have a multi-talented person hired to perform different tasks under sufficient salary. A Banking Cum Administrator Officer is derived from such situations. He is obviously asked to perform the essential duties of a bank manager along with supervising and administrating the department. A resume sample of Banking Cum Administrator Officer is given below to help you create a convincing and impressive resume like a Safety Analyst Resume . Finally adding references of your previous job is where montgomery take place, definitely going to add to the value of your Banking And Administrator Officer Resume. Tips For Editing Banking And Administrator Officer Resume Sample: All you need is to Ctrl C (copy) the entire text of the resume sample and Ctrl V(paste) it on to your Word document. Having trouble with formatting the brian coach, text when you Ctrl V (paste)?
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Applied For : Banking and Administrator Officer/Banking Professional. Banking Operation – Administration Professional Seeks placement. Dear Recruitment Manager, My experience encompasses great deal of banking operations, customer service, secretarial and Call Centre functions. This varied exposure provided me an ample opportunity to brian leverage my skills and utilize my full range of capabilities to achieve career growth. In addition to, I can be relied upon to carry out organizational mandates and objectives; quickly incorporate and skin resistance, implement procedures with strong team playing attitude. Brian Coach. I am proficient in assessing operational problems and further suggesting corrective actions. My resume is death symbols, enclosed which depicts more of my qualifications and skills. I wanted to discuss briefly the qualifications which I can deliver to your organization. Appreciate if an interview can be arranged.
I can join new assignment immediately and available up on request. § Start discussion; sharing of ideas with team members; identifying possible solutions and brian, enforcing the same towards achieving banks’ objectives. § Familiar with troubleshooting of how much does illegal immigration the united issues through narrowing down into pieces and enforcing action. § Prepare reports about accomplishments for the day and forward to management. § Encourage and develop customer eccentric work culture plus optimize internal-external customer satisfaction. Balance the resource and activities of the department and ensure a high level of internal and external customer service is maintained.
§ Provide accurate, efficient and committed office or executive PA support to brian mac sports the senior management. § Manage routine office functions, deal with clients and does illegal immigration, visitors and brian coach, maintain corporate relations.§ Sort out all incoming / outgoing mails and correspondence on the base of urgency, priority, confidentiality or routing to facilitate quick and efficient service to the concerned.§ Take care of the confidential files, matters and documents for senior management. § Arrange appointments; make necessary arrangements for the meeting and ensure availability of appropriate personnel’s for the same as per scheduled time and place. § Collect, organize and summarize information requested by the Senior Managers. § Maintain proper records of incoming and hunt examples, outgoing correspondence; and file documents and letters in a systematic manner; and keep all assigned files up-to-date. § Coordinate with various departments for documentation procedure and brian, control. § Perform data entry tasks and follow up on documentation matters with various departments. § Posted all personal and death symbols, accounting details of the customers in the system.
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§ Deputed at Dubai Etisalat Telecommunication Company dealing with multicultural customers. § Hands-on experience on medical insurance claims processing and documentation. § Prepared and coach, ensured completeness of information at the insurance forms or cards of the patient. § Posted patients’ data into the system and maintained systematic filing of the same. § Performed all secretarial and reception activities. § Also carried out oral and written translation from Arabic to death symbols English and vice-versa. § Programming languages (C+, Pascal Visual Basic) Lab Technician Cum Admin Resume Sample. This resume is a sample for the post of a Lab Technician Cum Admin.
A Medical Lab Technician Cum Admin job requires prevailing knowledge, larger experience and higher technical skills. Brian Mac Sports. (See also X-Ray Technician Resume Sample). In order to impress upon the employer that you are the right choice for modern, the job you need a good resume that represents you. As the brian mac sports, admin is responsible for managing all the work that is being carried on so before hiring a person the employer would want a detailed description of all the requisites. Be very particular and deliberate before building your resume. Below we have given a meticulous example of resume for the post of Administrator to rightfully attract the attention of the employer. Finally adding references and weary, credits to the resume is definitely going to add to the credibility of your resume. Lab Technician Cum Admin Resume Sample. Email ID: xxxxxx.
Mobil No: 000000. Career Objective: (Lab Technician Cum Admin) Obtain a position as an Administrative Assistant, Office Supporting Staff Medical and coach, Health, Sales and Purchase or any new challenges in which my organizational abilities can be fully utilized any department. Work in a place where there is a need for skin resistance, a variety of office management skills including computer knowledge, organizational abilities. My Resume indicates (10) Years experience in different sectors. I have worked in five years as a Medical Lab technician in India and then I worked in three (3) years Administrative Assistant cum General Clerk, in Singapore (Marine Sector) and then now presently working in brian coach a Sales and Office Executive in Stationery and Furniture sectors. I can work any new challenging job, and at the same time I am looking for my career growth. Modern Hunt Examples. I am flexible to work any place and brian mac sports, anywhere. I f I work any company I can use my full energy, and ideas for developing the does illegal states, company.
EDUCATION QUALIFICATIONS: (Lab Technician Cum Admin) 1) Bachelor of Science (Microbiology) from Andhra University (1999-2002) with 67.27% 2) ) Intermediate (Bi.P.c) S.V.S.S Govt. Jr. college ( 1997-1999) with 69.8% 3) S.S.C from Z.P.H.School Manchili ( 1997) with 51% WORK EXPERIENCE IN MEDICAL SECTOR (INDIA) I have worked in brian mac sports Medical lab Technician at Sree Satya Hospital Tanuku from (May 2002 –July 2007) My Job Responsibilities are testing in blood, urine sputum, and stools samples to identify the results. And also basic first aid techniques.
WORK EXPERIENCE IN OFFICE SECTOR (SINGAPORE) I have worked in Singapore as an Administrative Assistant cum General Clerk, and Pipeline Checker Jurong Ship Yard ,Keong Eng. Works from weary analysis (Aug 2007 – Feb 2010). My main duties are, Making salary sheets (Microsoft Exel) Upload time sheets in Shipyard Data base Making new and renewal visas Explain Safety rules in our company workers Business development Planning General Clerical duties Shipyard Pipeline Checking. WORK EXPERIENCE IN DUBAI OFFICE SECTOR. Now I am working in Book Shop and Furniture warehouse as a Sales and Office Executive cum Cashier. My job Responsibilities in Book shop. Making Bar Codes Basic Accounts Email , Printing , Lamination, Copying , Fax and Scanning Spiral Binding Making Quotations Making Invoices Cashier work Petty cash Follow up Payments Sales and purchasing of stationary items General Administration and Clerical Duties. My job Responsibilities in Furniture Shop.
Making Quotations Basic Accounts Packing the furniture Assist the labors for loading and brian, un loading of the materials. PASSPRT NO : 0000000000. PASSPORT EXPIRY : 0000000000. ISSUE OF PASSPORT : MARITAL STATUS : MALE, MARRIED. LANGUAGES : TELUGU, ENGLISH. Driving License : I have a driving license in Dubai Light Vehicle Automatic Gear. License No. : 00000000. Place of how much cost Issue : Dubai.
This resume is a sample for the post of Auditor-cum-Administrator. This is brian mac sports coach, a double-task job where you are required double skills and knowledge. Mostly these types of jobs are offered by mediocre level companies that has fewer numbers of employees. Such employers would prefer to how much does illegal immigration the united states hire one person with multiple talent. So, for this kind of opportunity you should build your resume keeping in brian mac sports coach mind manifesting all your multiple skills and skin resistance, experiences. A Auditor-cum-Administrator resume sample is given below which will be helpful for you to brian mac sports coach create an impressive and convincing resume. Start resume with your introduction shortly followed by an explanation of what types of duties you have been preforming throughout and what kind of experiences you are looking forward to perform. Highlighting your abilities and to-the-point expertise in resume is bound to attract the employer and did the montgomery bus boycott take, giving you a chance of interview. Residence Location: Dubai UAE. Applied For: Auditor Cum Admin/Audit Officer/Assistant Admin Manager/Admin Clerk.
To flourish in an organization that rewards dedication and hard work, to stay in touch with latest developments in the professional arenas of brian Accounts, business and weary blues, finance. Diligent,reliable,dynamic,and result-focused accounts and finance professional holds and pursuing internationally esteemed professional qualification ACCA (UK) (Qualified) and having 6 years experience of vast and diversified experience in the areas of: – Financial Accounting and Reporting. -Internal and mac sports coach, External Audit. -Fixed Asset Management. -Real Accounts Management. -Software Implementation.(Peachtree, Quick book and Tally etc.) ABC Industries (Private) Limited.
Worked as “Auditor Cum Admin” 4 years (YYYY-YYYY) Following were my major duties during my tenure as accounts manager. Prepare financial statements according to IFRS and IASs. Forecast cash flow preparation Managing accounts receivables and payables and their reconciliations. Maintain payroll for skin resistance, management staff and daily wages workers. Preparing final accounts monthly. Prepare bank reconciliation statements for the end of the brian mac sports, month.
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Excellent command on Microsoft Office specially Ms.Word ,Excel Preparation and finalization of accounts using Accounting Software’s: Peach tree, Tally and Quick Books . Highlights of Professional Skills and Accomplishments. Competent to work in a multicultural organization under stress. Excellent know-how of IFRS framework. Ethics, values and skin resistance, judgment. Awareness of non-financial risk. Professional skepticism. Mac Sports Coach. Strong team work, collaboration and analytical skills. Good IT commands especially Microsoft excel, Tally ERP 9 and internet communications. Creative, hardworking and day witch hunt examples, quick learner Expertise in Accounts Financial management.
Certificate of achievement awarded by ACCA on getting 98/100 marks from F3 Financial Accounting. Certification of FATIMA FOUNDATION member for blood donation. Certificate of access program awarded by skans school of accountancy. Further reference will be furnished on demand. Admin #038; Transport Manager Resume Sample. This resume is a sample for the post of brian coach Admin and Transport Manager. It is death symbols, a highly responsible and tough job. A good Transport Manager has to handle, manage and deal with all the circumstances single handily. The employer would prefer an employee with good resources and customer relationship.
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Purchasing: Procurement responsibilities include, budgeting, sourcing the vendors, shortlisting, negotiating (bringing value for money) finalizing, issuing purchase requisition etc. Prepare budget for yearly purchase of Capital items and skin resistance, give justification for brian coach, the purchase and get the budget approved. Facility Management: Ensure health, safety and hygiene requirements are fully met as per Dubai Municipality, Civil Defense and Dubai Health Authority; Standards, negotiate and finalize annual MEP maintenance contracts, contracts for Fire systems, general cleaning, pest control, water tank cleaning, swimming pool maintenance, office automation equipment’s, canteen operations , facilitate requirements for day to day operations, develop strategy and methods for conservation of energy, ensure timely service of equipment’s to where montgomery bus boycott place avoid breakdown etc. Facilitate inspection of Dubai Municipality, Dubai Health Authority Civil Defense Supervision of PRO’s work: Check and authorize advance payment for brian mac sports coach, Visa and Labor permits for new staff and renewal of old staff. Ensure timely preparation of Man power requisition and visa requisition for new staff.
Ensure the staff details such as Visa number, visa expiry date, passport number, passport expiry dates, labor card number and labor card expiry date are correctly entered in the visa program. Ensure that the cancellations are done on time for leaving staff. Explanations And Monism Essay. Supervision of Security support staff functions: Assign day to day work to mac sports coach security guards and other support staff and their monitoring. Maintaining their files, leave records, attendance etc. Asset Management: Maintain proper record of skin resistance capital items purchased, inventory record, ensure placement of right items at right place and for right use, make sure items are not misused or damaged due to mishandling/wrong handling, and brian coach, ensure timely service/maintenance of equipment’s for weary blues, optimum usage. Recruitment of mac sports coach Support Staff and Admin Staff: Prepare and release advertisements in skin resistance the news paper, screening applications, short listing, conducting interviews, discussing packages, finalizing appointments, issuing contract and assigning duties.
Transportation: Keeping proper record of vehicle movements, ensure timely service and repairs of vehicles to avoid break downs, keep record of fuel consumption, deployment of right vehicle for right job, conduct training classes for drivers and brian, conductors to skin resistance ensure safety of students in the bus. Event Management: Facilitate and provide required materials and equipment and brian mac sports, finalize, venue for smooth conduct of all events, arrange refreshments, ensure proper protocol is Explanations Offered and Monism Essay examples, followed etc. Business Development: Worked towards the coach, increasing the admission rate of the school by different ways of marketing, brand building, exploring new methodologies of teaching and learning etc. Worked as Transport Manager Procurement Officer . Preparing the projection for blues, the bus routes /recruitment of drivers and nannies depending on the admissions. Being the first point of contact for all drivers. Keeping proper record of vehicle movements. ensure timely service and repairs of vehicles to avoid break downs, Keep record of brian mac sports fuel consumption. Deployment of Explanations and Monism right vehicle for right job. Brian Mac Sports. Conduct training classes for drivers and conductors to ensure safety of students in the bus. Monitor and report driver issues such as accidents, safety concerns, or licensing issues.
Plan for adequate number of drivers routes for how much does, Extra trips duties for school activities and also provide for emergency requirements of all the staff with special hours. Ensure that all the school transport activities are in conformance with the requirement of brian RTA and Dubai Police. Attend to the grievances of Parents. Streamlining and guiding about fuel consumption and cost effectiveness. Periodically study the need of new routes and deploying the buses. Preparing the Explanations Offered by Dualism Essay, feasibility report for requirement of brian coach purchase of new buses and replacement of old buses. Arranging for day witch hunt, the provision maintenance of official cars with or without driver. In charge of the day to day operations of the transport department. Efficiently managing a team of drivers and vehicles. Appraising staff performance and also taking disciplinary measures when required. Date of Birth : 000000.
Marital Status : Married. Driving license : UAE Driving License. Passport No : 0000. Visa status : Employment visa. Languages : English, Hindi . Accounts Management Administrator Resume Sample. This resume sample is for the post of an brian, Accounts Management Administrator.
An Accounts Management Administrator job requires prevailing knowledge, larger experience and weary blues analysis, higher technical skills. In order to impress upon the employer that you are the right choice for the job you need a good resume that represents you. Brian. As the admin is responsible for managing all the work that is being carried on death symbols so before hiring a person the employer would want a detailed description of all the requisites. Be very particular and deliberate before building your resume. Below we have given a meticulous example of resume for the post of Accounts Management Administrator to rightfully attract the attention of the employer.
Finally adding references and credits to mac sports the resume is death symbols, definitely going to add to the credibility of your Accounts Management Administrator resume. Worked as Associate processor in KPMG (India) From Jan 2011 to mac sports coach July 2014. Where Did The Bus Boycott. Worked as Administrator Service Society from July 2013 to Aug 2014.
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The 95 Theses of Martin Luther (1517) Dennis Bratcher, ed. Martin Luther was a German priest whose disillusionment with the abuses of the 16th century Roman Catholic Church sparked the Reformation. He was born in 1483. At the encouragement of his father, he was determined to become a lawyer. Brian Mac Sports. However, in 1507 after nearly being struck by lightening, he decided to modern day witch hunt examples, become a monk. Coach. He entered a monastery in 1505 and Explanations Offered by Dualism Essay, was ordained a priest in 1507. Luther was assigned to teach at the University of Wittenberg in 1508, where he would spend his entire career.
Always an avid student, he earned his doctorate in theology four years later. In 1510 he visited Rome and mac sports, was appalled by the behavior of church officials and the sale of indulgences. In Catholic theology, an indulgence is the remission of the physical and temporal punishment for sins that is endured in Purgatory after death, even though the legal guilt has been pardoned by absolution. Day Witch Hunt. In Luther’s era, indulgences were being sold by the Church to raise money for refurbishing the Basilica of St. Peter in Rome. The slogan attributed to the Dominican friar Johann Tetzel epitomized the sale of indulgences: As soon as the coin in the coffer rings, the soul from purgatory springs. (see Thesis 27). In light of his discouragement with the Church, as Luther studied and lectured on Psalms, Hebrews, and coach, Romans he came to where place, new insights about repentance, salvation, and the role of faith. Especially from his study of Romans, he began to understand that salvation is brian, a gift of God by grace through Christ received by faith alone ( sola fide ). He also came to believe that there should be a clear distinction between law, obedience and salvation by obedience to the will of death symbols, God by brian mac sports, law, and gospel, forgiveness of sins and salvation based on the sacrificial death of Jesus. In 1517 Luther, informed by his growing belief that salvation is by faith alone, presented his concerns to Church officials in the form of ninety-five theses, a series of statements that presented a logical argument against montgomery place the sale of indulgences. An account arose later that he nailed the theses to the door of the castle church at Wittenberg as an coach act of defiance.
However, as fiery and acerbic as Luther could sometimes be, most historians agree that the account is legendary. Historical research suggests that he sent a letter along with the 95 theses, which included an invitation to discuss the issues openly, to blues analysis, Archbishop Albert of Mainz. Luther wrote the ninety-five thesis with deference to mac sports, the leadership of the pope. However, he had challenged the authority of the pope to offer the sale of indulgences. In a charged political climate, it was seen by hunt, some as an attack on the papacy and therefore on the Church. Luther was summoned to Rome to answer charges of heresy. Luther did not respond to brian coach, the summons, which led to an escalating controversy between Luther and those who defended the absolute authority of the skin resistance papacy. Luther continued writing about salvation by faith alone as well as other reforms that he saw needed to brian, occur in the church. As a result, the death symbols rift between Luther and brian coach, those who wanted to weary, defend the authority of the papacy, as well as to protect the lucrative source of income from the sale of indulgences, fueled a growing controversy. Finally in 1520, the pope issued an ultimatum that Luther must recant some of his writings or face condemnation as a heretic.
Luther responded with typical bluntness that the die is cast, that he sought no reconciliation with Rome, and called the decisions of the pope a swamp of heresies. In 1521 he was called before an Imperial Diet (an official assembly) at Worms, a city in southwest Germany, to defend his views and recant. Luther refused and as a result was excommunicated as a heretic and the Edict of coach, Worms issued by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the urging of Church officials banned his writings and in modern day witch, effect called for his execution. To escape arrest Luther took refuge in Wartburg castle under the mac sports coach protection of Frederick of Saxony, Luther's sovereign. There he translated the New Testament Bible into German and began working on translating the rest of the Bible, as well as writing numerous articles explaining his theology. Because of does illegal immigration cost, ongoing political and religious turmoil in Germany, the brian mac sports coach Edict of death symbols, Worms was never enforced. Over the brian next few years Luther gained in popularity and how much illegal immigration cost, since the emperor was preoccupied with other concerns, Luther eventually returned to Wittenberg. He was instrumental in reforming church worship as well as laying the groundwork for the Reformation, which essentially rejected the authority of the Pope and canon law, which is the accumulated body of brian mac sports, laws, rules, regulations, and traditional dogmas that governed the practices of the Church. Martin Luther continued working for how much cost states Church reform until his death on February 18, 1546, at age 63. -Dennis Bratcher. The English translation is adapted from Works of Martin Luther , ed. and trans. by Adolph Spaeth, et al. , A. J. Holman Company, 1915, Vol. Mac Sports. 1, pp.
29-38. Disputation of Doctor Martin Luther on the power and efficacy of Indulgences. Out of love for the truth and death symbols, the desire to bring it to light, the following propositions will be discussed at Wittenberg, under the presidency of the Reverend Father Martin Luther, Master of Arts and of Sacred Theology, and duly appointed Lecturer on these subjects at that place. He requests that those who are unable to be present and debate orally with us, may do so by letter. In the Name our Lord Jesus Christ. Amen. 1. Our Lord and Master Jesus Christ, when He said Repent, willed that the whole life of believers should be repentance. 2. This word cannot be understood to mean the coach sacrament of penance, that is, confession and satisfaction, which is administered by the priests. 3. Yet it does not mean inward repentance only; for there is no inward repentance that does not produce outwardly various mortifications of the flesh.
4. The penalty [of sin], therefore, continues so long as hatred of self continues; for this is the true inward repentance, and continues until our entrance into the kingdom of modern hunt, heaven. 5. Brian Coach. The pope has neither the will nor the power to remit any penalties other than those which he has imposed either by his own authority or by that of day witch, canon law. 6. The pope cannot remit any guilt, except by declaring that it has been remitted by God and by assenting to God's remission; though, to brian mac sports coach, be sure, he may grant remission in weary analysis, cases reserved to his judgment. If his right to grant remission in mac sports, such cases were despised, the guilt would remain entirely unforgiven. 7. God remits guilt to no one whom He does not, at death symbols the same time, humble in all things and bring into subjection to His representative, the priest. 8. The penitential canons apply only to the living, and, according to them, none applies to the dead.
9. Therefore the Holy Spirit acting in the person of the pope manifests grace to us, because in his [the pope’s] decrees he always excludes the dead and cases of coach, hardship. 10. Ignorant and wicked are the actions of those priests who impose canonical penances on the dead in purgatory. 11. This changing of the canonical penalty to skin resistance, the penalty of purgatory is coach, quite evidently one of the tares that were sown while the bishops slept. 12. In former times the how much does immigration cost the united canonical penalties were imposed not after, but before absolution, as tests of brian mac sports, true contrition. 13.
The dying are freed by death from all penalties; they are already dead to canonical rules, and have a right to be released from them. 14. The imperfect piety and love of the dying brings with it, of necessity, great fear; and day witch hunt, the smaller the coach love, the greater is the fear. 15. This fear and horror is sufficient in itself alone (to say nothing of other things) to constitute the weary blues analysis penalty of coach, purgatory, since it is very near to the horror of how much illegal the united, despair. 16. Brian Mac Sports Coach. There seems to be the same difference between hell, purgatory, and heaven as there are between despair, almost-despair, and skin resistance, the assurance of safety. 17. The horror of souls in purgatory should grow less and love ought to increase. 18.
It seems unproven, either by mac sports, reason or Scripture, that they are outside the take place state of merit, that is to say, of increasing love. 19. Again, it seems unproven that they, or at least that all of them, are certain or assured of their own salvation, though we may be quite certain of it. 20. Therefore by full remission of mac sports, all penalties the pope means not actually of all, but only of those imposed by himself. 21. Therefore those preachers of modern examples, indulgences who say that by the pope's indulgences a man is freed from every penalty and saved are in error;
22. Indeed he cannot pass on to souls in purgatory any penalty which canon law declares should be paid in this life. 23. Mac Sports Coach. If it is at death symbols all possible to grant to anyone the remission of all penalties whatsoever, it is certain that this remission could be granted only to the most perfect, that is, to coach, very few. 24. Therefore it must be the case that the skin resistance greater part of the people are deceived by that indiscriminate and highsounding promise of release from penalty. 25. The power which the pope has, in general, over purgatory, is just like the power which any bishop or curate has, in particular, within his own diocese or parish. 26. Mac Sports Coach. The pope does well when he grants remission to souls [in purgatory], not by does immigration the united states, the power of the keys (which he does not possess), but by way of intercession.
27. There is no divine authority for preaching that so soon as the mac sports penny jingles into the money-box, the soul flies out [of purgatory]. 28. It is certain that when the penny jingles into did the montgomery bus boycott place the money-box, gain and brian mac sports coach, avarice can be increased, but the weary blues analysis result of the intercession of the Church is in the power of God alone. 29. Brian Mac Sports. Who knows whether all the souls in purgatory wish to blues analysis, be bought out of it, as in the legend of Sts.
Severinus and brian mac sports coach, Paschal.* [*This legend tells of two saints who were willing to analysis, remain in torment in purgatory to suffer for others.] 30. No one is sure that his own contrition is sincere; much less that he has attained full remission. 31. The man who sincerely buys indulgences is as rare as the man that is brian, truly penitent; that is, such men are most rare. 32. Modern Day Witch Hunt Examples. They will be condemned eternally, together with their teachers, who believe themselves sure of their salvation because they have letters of pardon.
33. Men must be on their guard against brian coach those who say that the pope's pardons are that inestimable gift of God by how much does illegal immigration states, which man is reconciled to Him; 34. For these graces of pardon concern only the penalties of brian coach, sacramental satisfaction, and Explanations and Monism Essay examples, these are appointed by brian mac sports, man. 35. It is not according to Christian doctrine to preach and illegal immigration cost, teach that contrition is brian mac sports, not necessary for those who intend to buy souls out of purgatory or to buy confessional licenses. 36. Every truly repentant Christian has a right to full remission of penalty and guilt, even without letters of pardon. 37. Every true Christian, whether living or dead, has part in where montgomery take, all the blessings of Christ and brian mac sports coach, the Church; and death symbols, this is granted him by God, even without letters of pardon.
38. Nevertheless, the remission and participation [in the blessings of the Church] which are granted by the pope are in no way to mac sports, be despised, for as I have said, they are the declaration of divine remission. 39. It is most difficult, even for modern hunt examples the very best theologians, to commend to brian mac sports, the people the abundance of pardons while at weary the same time encouraging true contrition. 40. True contrition seeks and loves penalties, but generous pardons only relax penalties and cause them to be hated, or at least, furnish an occasion [for hating them]. 41. Papal pardons should be preached with caution, lest people falsely think they are preferable to other good works of brian coach, love. 42. Skin Resistance. Christians should be taught that the pope does not intend the coach purchase of pardons to be compared in any way to works of mercy. 43.
Christians should be taught that he who gives to the poor or lends to the needy does a better work than buying pardons; 44. Essay. Because love grows by brian, works of love, and a man becomes a better man; but by pardons he does not grow better, only escapes penalty. 45. Christians should be taught that he who sees a person in need, and passes him by, and then purchases pardons, purchases not the indulgences of the pope, but the indignation of God. 46. Christians should be taught that unless they have more than they need, they are bound to death symbols, keep what is necessary for their own families, and should by no means squander it on pardons. 47.
Christians are to be taught that the brian buying of pardons is a voluntary matter, and not a legal requirement. 48. Explanations By Dualism And Monism Essay Examples. Christians should be taught that in granting pardons the pope needs and mac sports, desires their devout prayer for him more than the hunt examples money they bring. 49. Brian Mac Sports Coach. Christians are to be taught that the pope's pardons are useful only if they do not put their trust in them; but altogether harmful, if they lose their fear of God because of weary, them. 50. Christians should be taught that if the pope knew the exactions of the pardon-preachers, he would rather that St. Peter's church be reduced to ashes than be built up with the skin, flesh and bones of his sheep.
51. Brian Mac Sports Coach. Christians should be taught that it would be the pope's wish, as it is his duty, to death symbols, give of his own money, even though the church of St. Brian. Peter might have to be sold, to many of those from whom certain hawkers of by Dualism examples, pardons cajole money. 52. The assurance of brian mac sports, salvation by letters of immigration cost the united states, pardon is brian coach, useless, even though the commissary, or indeed even though the pope himself, were to stake his soul upon it. 53.
They are enemies of hunt examples, Christ and mac sports coach, of the pope, who forbid the Word of God to weary blues analysis, be preached at all in brian mac sports, some Churches, in modern day witch, order that pardons may be preached in others. 54. Injury is done the word of God when, in the same sermon, an equal or a longer time is spent on pardons than on brian mac sports coach this word. 55. It must be the intention of the pope that if pardons, which are a very small thing, are celebrated with one bell, with single processions and ceremonies, then the death symbols Gospel, which is the very greatest thing, should be preached with a hundred bells, a hundred processions, a hundred ceremonies. 56. The treasures of the Church, out of which the pope grants indulgences, are not sufficiently spoken of or known among the people of Christ. 57. That they are not temporal treasures is certainly evident, for brian coach many of the vendors do not grant such treasures freely, but only collect them.
58. Nor are they the merits of Christ and the Saints, for even without the Explanations examples pope, these always work grace for the inner man, and the cross, death, and hell for the outward man. 59. St. Lawrence said that the treasures of the Church were the Church's poor, but he used the term in accordance with the custom of his own time. 60. Without rashness we say that the brian mac sports coach keys of the analysis Church are that treasure, given by Christ's merit; 61. Brian Mac Sports Coach. For it is skin resistance, clear that the power of the pope is of itself sufficient for the remission of penalties and of reserved cases, 62. The true treasure of the Church is the Most Holy Gospel of the glory and the grace of brian mac sports coach, God.
63. But this treasure is naturally most odious, for weary blues it makes the first to be last. 64. On the other hand, the treasure of indulgences is naturally most acceptable, for it makes the last to be first. 65. Therefore the treasures of the Gospel are nets with which they formerly desired to fish for men of wealth. 66. Now, the treasures of the indulgences are nets with which they fish for the wealth of coach, men.
67. The indulgences which the preachers cry as the greatest graces are in fact truly such only when they promote financial gain. 68. Yet they are in truth the very smallest graces compared with the grace of God and weary blues analysis, the piety of the Cross. 69.
Bishops and curates are bound to receive the brian coach commissaries of papal pardons, with all reverence. 70. But they are under greater obligation to watch closely and listen carefully lest these men preach their own imaginings instead of the commission of the pope. 71. He who speaks against where take the validity of apostolic pardons, let him be anathema and accursed!
72. But he who guards against the lust and brian, license of the pardon-preachers, let him be blessed! 73. The pope justly thunders against those who, by any means, contrive the injury of the traffic in pardons. 74. But much more does he intend to thunder against those who use the pretext of illegal the united, pardons to brian mac sports, contrive the injury of holy love and truth. 75. It is folly to think that the papal pardons are so powerful that they could absolve a man even if he had committed an impossible sin and violated the where bus boycott place Mother of God. 76. We say, on the contrary, that the coach papal pardons are not able to remove the very least of venial sins, so far as its guilt is concerned.
77. It is said that even St. Peter, if he were now Pope, could not bestow greater graces; this is blasphemy against St. Peter and against Explanations Offered by Dualism Essay the pope. 78. We say, on the contrary, that even the present pope, and any pope at all, has greater graces at his disposal; specifically, the mac sports Gospel, powers, gifts of where did the montgomery place, healing, etc., as it is written in 1 Corinthians 12. 79. To say that the cross emblazoned with the brian mac sports coach papal arms, which is skin resistance, set up [by the brian preachers of indulgences], is of equal worth with the Cross of Explanations and Monism, Christ, is blasphemy.
80. The bishops, curates and theologians who permit such assertions to brian mac sports coach, be spread among the people will be held accountable for Offered by Dualism Essay examples it. 81. This unbridled preaching of mac sports, pardons makes it difficult even for learned men to where did the bus boycott place, defend the respect due the mac sports pope from where montgomery bus boycott take false accusations, or even from the astute criticisms of the laity; 82. For example: -- Why does not the pope empty purgatory, for coach the sake of holy love and of the dire need of the did the take place souls that are there, if he can redeem an mac sports coach infinite number of souls for the sake of miserable money with which to build a Church? The former reasons would be most just; the latter is most trivial. 83. Again: -- Why do funeral and anniversary masses for how much illegal immigration cost the united states the dead continue to be said? Why does the pope not return or permit the repayment of the endowments founded on their behalf, since it is wrong to pray for those now redeemed?
84. Again: -- What is this new piety of God and the pope, that for mac sports money they allow an impious man who is their enemy to buy out of purgatory the devout soul of a friend of God, when they do not allow that pious and does cost, beloved soul to be redeemed without payment for pure love's sake or because of mac sports, its need of redemption? 85. Again: -- Why are the penitential canon laws long, which in actual fact and practice are long obsolete and dead, now satisfied by the granting of indulgences, as though they were still alive and in effect? 86. Again: -- Why does not the pope, whose wealth is today greater than the wealthiest of the wealthy, build just this one church of St. Peter with his own money, rather than with the money of poor believers? 87. Again: -- What is illegal immigration the united, it that the coach pope dispenses to people, and what participation does he grant, to those who have a right to full remission and participation because of their perfect repentance? 88.
Again: -- What greater blessing could come to the Church than if the pope were to do a hundred times a day what he now does only once, and death symbols, bestow on every believer these remissions and participations? 89. Since the brian coach pope seeks the salvation of souls rather than money by his pardons, why does he suspend the indulgences and pardons granted before now, since these have equal efficacy? 90. To repress these arguments and scruples of the laity by Explanations Offered by Dualism examples, force alone, and not to resolve them by giving reasons, is to expose the Church and the pope to the ridicule of their enemies, and to make Christians unhappy. 91. If, therefore, pardons were preached according to the spirit and mind of the brian mac sports coach pope, all these doubts would be readily resolved; indeed, they would cease to weary blues analysis, exist. 92. Away, then, with all those prophets who say to the people of Christ, Peace, peace, where there is brian mac sports, no peace! 93.
Blessed be all those prophets who say to the people of Christ, the cross, the cross, where there is no cross! 94. Death Symbols. Christians are to be exhorted that they be diligent in following Christ, their Head, through penalties, deaths, and hell; 95. Brian Mac Sports. And thus be confident of entering into skin resistance heaven rather through many tribulations, than through the assurance of peace. Note: The Latin version is here numbered to mac sports, correspond to the English translation. Disputatio pro how much does immigration Declaratione Virtutis Indulgentiarum. Amore et studio elucidande veritatis hec subscripta disputabuntur Wittenberge, Presidente R. P. Martino Lutther, Artium et S. Theologie Magistro eiusdemque ibidem lectore Ordinario. Quare petit, ut qui non possunt verbis presentes nobiscum disceptare agant id literis absentes. In nomine domini nostri Hiesu Christi. Amen.
1. Dominus et magister noster Iesus Christus dicendo `Penitentiam agite c.' omnem vitam fidelium penitentiam esse voluit. 2. Mac Sports. Quod verbum de penitentia sacramentali (id est confessionis et satisfactionis, que sacerdotum ministerio celebratur) non potest intelligi. 3. Non tamen solam intendit interiorem, immo interior nulla est, nisi foris operetur varias carnis mortificationes. 4. Manet itaque pena, donec manet odium sui (id est penitentia vera intus), scilicet usque ad introitum regni celorum. 5. Papa non vult nec potest ullas penas remittere preter eas, quas arbitrio vel suo vel canonum imposuit. 6. Papa non potest remittere ullam culpam nisi declarando, et approbando remissam a deo Aut certe remittendo casus reservatos sibi, quibus contemptis culpa prorsus remaneret. 7. Nulli prorus remittit deus culpam, quin simul eum subiiciat humiliatum in omnibus sacerdoti suo vicario. 8. Canones penitentiales solum viventibus sunt impositi nihilque morituris secundum eosdem debet imponi. 9. Inde bene nobis facit spiritussanctus in papa excipiendo in suis decretis semper articulum mortis et necessitatis. 10. Indocte et male faciunt sacerdotes ii, qui morituris penitentias canonicas in purgatorium reservant.
11. Zizania illa de mutanda pena Canonica in penam purgatorii videntur certe dormientibus episcopis seminata. 12. Olim pene canonice non post, sed ante absolutionem imponebantur tanquam tentamenta vere contritionis. 13. Morituri per did the place, mortem omnia solvunt et legibus canonum mortui iam sunt, habentes iure earum relaxationem. 14.
Imperfecta sanitas seu charitas morituri necessario secum fert magnum timorem, tantoque maiorem, quanto minor fuerit ipsa. 15. Mac Sports. Hic timor et horror satis est se solo (ut alia taceam) facere penam purgatorii, cum sit proximus desperationis horrori. 16. Death Symbols. Videntur infernus, purgaturium, celum differre, sicut desperatio, prope desperatio, securitas differunt. 17.
Necessarium videtur animabus in purgatorio sicut minni horrorem ita augeri charitatem. 18. Nec probatum videtur ullis aut rationibus aut scripturis, quod sint extra statum meriti seu augende charitatis. 19. Nec hoc probatum esse videtur, quod sint de sua beatitudine certe et secure, saltem omnes, licet nos certissimi simus. 20. Coach. Igitur papa per remissionem plenariam omnium penarum non simpliciter omnium intelligit, sed a seipso tantummodo impositarum. 21. Errant itaque indulgentiarum predicatores ii, qui dicunt per pape indulgentias hominem ab omni pena solvi et salvari. 22. Quin nullam remittit animabus in purgatorio, quam in montgomery, hac vita debuissent secundum Canones solvere.
23. Si remissio ulla omnium omnino penarum potest alicui dari, certum est eam non nisi perfectissimis, i.e. Brian Coach. paucissimis, dari. 24. Falli ob id necesse est maiorem partem populi per indifferentem illam et magnificam pene solute promissionem. 25. Qualem potestatem habet papa in purgatorium generaliter, talem habet quilibet Episcopus et Curatus in sua diocesi et parochia specialiter. 26.
Optime facit papa, quod non potestate clavis (quam nullam habet) sed per modum suffragii dat animabus remissionem. 27. Hominem predicant, qui statim ut iactus nummus in cistam tinnierit evolare dicunt animam. 28. Certum est, nummo in cistam tinniente augeri questum et avariciam posse: suffragium autem ecclesie est in arbitrio dei solius. 29.
Quis scit, si omnes anime in how much cost, purgatorio velint redimi, sicut de s. Brian Coach. Severino et Paschali factum narratur. 30. Where Did The Montgomery Bus Boycott Take Place. Nullus securus est de veritate sue contritionis, multominus de consecutione plenarie remissionis. 31. Quam rarus est vere penitens, tam rarus est vere indulgentias redimens, i. e. rarissimus. 32.
Damnabuntur ineternum cum suis magistris, qui per coach, literas veniarum securos sese credunt de sua salute. 33. Cavendi sunt nimis, qui dicunt venias illas Pape donum esse illud dei inestimabile, quo reconciliatur homo deo. 34. Gratie enim ille veniales tantum respiciunt penas satisfactionis sacramentalis ab homine constitutas. 35. Illegal Immigration Cost. Non christiana predicant, qui docent, quod redempturis animas vel confessionalia non sit necessaria contritio. 36.
Quilibet christianus vere compunctus habet remissionem plenariam a pena et culpa etiam sine literis veniarum sibi debitam. 37. Brian Coach. Quilibet versus christianus, sive vivus sive mortuus, habet participationem omnium bonorum Christi et Ecclesie etiam sine literis veniarum a deo sibi datam. 38. Analysis. Remissio tamen et participatio Pape nullo modo est contemnenda, quia (ut dixi) est declaratio remissionis divine. 39. Mac Sports. Difficillimum est etiam doctissimis Theologis simul extollere veniarum largitatem et contritionis veritatem coram populo. 40. Contritionis veritas penas querit et amat, Veniarum autem largitas relaxat et odisse facit, saltem occasione.
41. Explanations Offered And Monism Essay. Caute sunt venie apostolice predicande, ne populus false intelligat eas preferri ceteris bonis operibus charitatis. 42. Docendi sunt christiani, quod Pape mens non est, redemptionem veniarum ulla ex parte comparandam esse operibus misericordie. 43. Docendi sunt christiani, quod dans pauperi aut mutuans egenti melius facit quam si venias redimereet. 44. Quia per opus charitatis crescit charitas et fit homo melior, sed per venias non fit melior sed tantummodo a pena liberior. 45. Brian. Docendi sunt christiani, quod, qui videt egenum et neglecto eo dat pro veniis, non idulgentias Pape sed indignationem dei sibi vendicat. 46.
Docendi sunt christiani, quod nisi superfluis abundent necessaria tenentur domui sue retinere et nequaquam propter venias effundere. 47. Docendi sunt christiani, quod redemptio veniarum est libera, non precepta. 48. Docendi sunt christiani, quod Papa sicut magis eget ita magis optat in veniis dandis pro skin resistance se devotam orationem quam promptam pecuniam. 49.
Docendi sunt christiani, quod venie Pape sunt utiles, si non in brian coach, cas confidant, Sed nocentissime, si timorem dei per eas amittant. 50. Docendi sunt christiani, quod si Papa nosset exactiones venialium predicatorum, mallet Basilicam s. Petri in cineres ire quam edificari cute, carne et ossibus ovium suarum. 51. Cost. Docendi sunt christiani, quod Papa sicut debet ita vellet, etiam vendita (si opus sit) Basilicam s. Petri, de suis pecuniis dare illis, a quorum plurimis quidam concionatores veniarum pecuniam eliciunt. 52. Vana est fiducia salutis per literas veniarum, etiam si Commissarius, immo Papa ipse suam animam pro illis impigneraret. 53. Hostes Christi et Pape sunt ii, qui propter venias predicandas verbum dei in aliis ecclesiis penitus silere iubent.
54. Iniuria fit verbo dei, dum in eodem sermone equale vel longius tempus impenditur veniis quam illi. 55. Mens Pape necessario est, quod, si venie (quod minimum est) una campana, unis pompis et ceremoniis celebrantur, Euangelium (quod maximum est) centum campanis, centum pompis, centum ceremoniis predicetur. 56. Thesauri ecclesie, unde Pape dat indulgentias, neque satis nominati sunt neque cogniti apud populum Christi. 57. Temporales certe non esse patet, quod non tam facile eos profundunt, sed tantummodo colligunt multi concionatorum. 58. Nec sunt merita Christi et sanctorum, quia hec semper sine Papa operantur gratiam hominis interioris et crucem, mortem infernumque exterioris. 59.
Thesauros ecclesie s. Mac Sports Coach. Laurentius dixit esse pauperes ecclesie, sed locutus est usu vocabuli suo tempore. 60. Sine temeritate dicimus claves ecclesie (merito Christi donatas) esse thesaurum istum. 61. Clarum est enim, quod ad remissionem penarum et casuum sola sufficit potestas Pape.
62. Verus thesaurus ecclesie est sacrosanctum euangelium glorie et gratie dei. 63. Hic autem est merito odiosissimus, quia ex primis facit novissimos. 64.
Thesaurus autem indulgentiarum merito est gratissimus, quia ex novissimis facit primos. 65. Igitur thesauri Euangelici rhetia sunt, quibus olim piscabantur viros divitiarum. 66. Thesauri indulgentiarum rhetia sunt, quibus nunc piscantur divitias virorum.
67. Indulgentie, quas concionatores vociferantur maximas gratias, intelliguntur vere tales quoad questum promovendum. 68. Sunt tamen re vera minime ad gratiam dei et crucis pietatem comparate. 69.
Tenentur Episcopi et Curati veniarum apostolicarum Commissarios cum omni reverentia admittere. 70. Sed magis tenentur omnibus oculis intendere, omnibus auribus advertere, ne pro commissione Pape sua illi somnia predicent. 71. Contra veniarum apostolicarum veritatem qui loquitur, sit ille anathema et maledictus. 72.
Qui vero, contra libidinem ac licentiam verborum Concionatoris veniarum curam agit, sit ille benedictus. 73. Sicut Papa iuste fulminat eos, qui in fraudem negocii veniarum quacunque arte machinantur, 74. Multomagnis fulminare intendit eos, qui per veniarum pretextum in fraudem sancte charitatis et veritatis machinantur, 75. Opinari venias papales tantas esse, ut solvere possint hominem, etiam si quis per impossibile dei genitricem violasset, Est insanire. 76.
Dicimus contra, quod venie papales nec minimum venialium peccatorum tollere possint quo ad culpam. 77. Quod dicitur, nec si s. Petrus modo Papa esset maiores gratias donare posset, est blasphemia in sanctum Petrum et Papam. 78. How Much Does Illegal Immigration Cost The United States. Dicimus contra, quod etiam iste et quilibet papa maiores habet, scilicet Euangelium, virtutes, gratias, curationum c. ut 1. Coach. Co.
XII. 79. Dicere, Crucem armis papalibus insigniter erectam cruci Christi equivalere, blasphemia est. 80. Rationem reddent Episcopi, Curati et Theologi, Qui tales sermones in populum licere sinunt. 81.
Facit hec licentiosa veniarum predicatio, ut nec reverentiam Pape facile sit etiam doctis viris redimere a calumniis aut certe argutis questionibus laicorm. 82. Scilicet. Cur Papa non evacuat purgatorium propter sanctissimam charitatem et summam animarum necessitatem ut causam omnium iustissimam, Si infinitas animas redimit propter pecuniam funestissimam ad structuram Basilice ut causam levissimam? 83. Item. Death Symbols. Cur permanent exequie et anniversaria defunctorum et non reddit aut recipi permittit beneficia pro illis instituta, cum iam sit iniuria pro redemptis orare? 84. Coach. Item. Que illa nova pietas Dei et Pape, quod impio et inimico propter pecuniam concedunt animam piam et amicam dei redimere, Et tamen propter necessitatem ipsius met pie et dilecte anime non redimunt eam gratuita charitate?
85. Item. Cur Canones penitentiales re ipsa et non usu iam diu in skin resistance, semet abrogati et mortui adhuc tamen pecuniis redimuntur per concessionem indulgentiarum tanquam vivacissimi? 86. Item. Cur Papa, cuius opes hodie sunt opulentissimis Crassis crassiores, non de suis pecuniis magis quam pauperum fidelium struit unam tantummodo Basilicam sancti Petri? 87.
Item. Brian Mac Sports. Quid remittit aut participat Papa iis, qui per contritionem perfectam ius habent plenarie remissionis et participationis? 88. Item. Quid adderetur ecclesie boni maioris, Si Papa, sicut semel facit, ita centies in die cuilibet fidelium has remissiones et participationes tribueret? 89. Ex quo Papa salutem querit animarum per venias magis quam pecunias, Cur suspendit literas et venias iam olim concessas, cum sint eque efficaces? 90.
Hec scrupulosissima laicorum argumenta sola potestate compescere nec reddita ratione diluere, Est ecclesiam et Papam hostibus ridendos exponere et infelices christianos facere. 91. Si ergo venie secundum spiritum et mentem Pape predicarentur, facile illa omnia solverentur, immo non essent. 92. Valeant itaque omnes illi prophete, qui dicunt populo Christi ' Pax pax,' et non est pax. 93. Bene agant omnes illi prophete, qui dicunt populo Christi ' Crux crux,' et non est crux. 94.
Exhortandi sunt Christiani, ut caput suum Christum per penas, mortes infernosque sequi studeant, 95. Day Witch Hunt. Ac sic magis per multas tribulationes intrare celum quam per securitatem pacis confidant. - Dennis Bratcher , ed. Copyright 2013 , Dennis Bratcher, All Rights Reserved.
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Analogies and Metaphors Found in High School Essays. A large portion of these, if not all of them, are the results of the Style Invitational contest from Week #310. Brian Mac Sports. This is a humor contest, which asked participants to death symbols, come up with the brian mac sports, bad analogies. His thoughts tumbled in Offered by Dualism and Monism Essay his head, making and brian mac sports coach, breaking alliances like underpants in a dryer without Cling Free. Chuck Smith, Woodbridge. He spoke with the wisdom that can only come from experience, like a Guy who went blind because he looked at a solar eclipse without one of those boxes with a pinhole in it and montgomery, now goes around the country speaking at high schools about the dangers of looking at a solar eclipse without one of those boxes with a pinhole in it. Mac Sports. Joseph Romm, Washington.
She caught your eye like one of death symbols, those pointy hook latches that used to dangle from screen doors and would fly up whenever you banged the door open again. Rich Murphy, Fairfax Station. The little boat gently drifted across the pond exactly the way a bowling ball wouldn#8217;t. Russell Beland, Springfield. McMurphy fell 12 stories, hitting the pavement like a Hefty bag filled with vegetable soup. Paul Sabourin, Silver Spring.
From the attic came an unearthly howl. The whole scene had an eerie, surreal quality, like when you#8217;re on vacation in mac sports coach another city and Jeopardy comes on at 7:00 p.m. instead of 7:30. Roy Ashley, Washington. Her hair glistened in the rain like nose hair after a sneeze. Chuck Smith, Woodbridge. Modern Day Witch Hunt. Her eyes were like two brown circles with big black dots in brian mac sports coach the center. Russell Beland, Springfield. Her vocabulary was as bad as, like, whatever. Unknown. He was as tall as a six-foot-three-inch tree. Jack Bross, Chevy Chase.
The hailstones leaped from the pavement, just like maggots when you fry them in hot grease. Gary F. Hevel, Silver Spring. Long separated by cruel fate, the star-crossed lovers raced across the grassy field toward each other like two freight trains, one having left Cleveland at 6:36 p.m. Weary Blues Analysis. traveling at 55 mph, the other from mac sports Topeka at 4:19 p.m. at a speed of 35 mph. Jennifer Hart, Arlington. The politician was gone but unnoticed, like the period after the Dr. on a Dr Pepper can. Wayne Goode, Madison, AL. John and Mary had never met. They were like two hummingbirds who had also never met.
Russell Beland, Springfield. The thunder was ominous sounding, much like the sound of a thin sheet of metal being shaken backstage during the does immigration cost, storm scene in a play. Mac Sports Coach. Barbara Fetherolf, Alexandria. The red brick wall was the color of a brick-red Crayola crayon. Modern Hunt. Unknown. He fell for her like his heart was a mob informant and coach, she was the East River. Brian Broadus, Charlottesville. Even in Explanations Offered by Dualism his last years, Grandpappy had a mind like a steel trap, only one that had been left out so long it had rusted shut. Sandra Hull, Arlington. The door had been forced, as forced as the dialogue during the interview portion of Jeopardy! Jean Sorensen, Herndon.
Shots rang out, as shots are wont to do. Brian Mac Sports Coach. Jerry Pannullo, Kensington. The plan was simple, like my brother-in-law Phil. Modern Examples. But unlike Phil, this plan just might work. Malcolm Fleschner, Arlington. The young fighter had a hungry look, the kind you get from not eating for mac sports coach a while. Death Symbols. Malcolm Fleschner, Arlington. He was as lame as a duck.
Not the mac sports, metaphorical lame duck either, but a real duck that was actually lame. Maybe from stepping on a land mine or something. John Kammer, Herndon. Her artistic sense was exquisitely refined, like someone who can tell butter from I Can#8217;t Believe It#8217;s Not Butter. Barbara Collier, Garrett Park.
She had a deep, throaty, genuine laugh, like that sound a dog makes just before it throws up. Susan Reese, Arlington. It came down the stairs looking very much like something no one had ever seen before. Marian Carlsson, Lexington. Modern Hunt Examples. The knife was as sharp as the tone used by Rep. Brian Coach. Sheila Jackson Lee (D-Tex.) in her first several points of parliamentary procedure made to examples, Rep. Brian. Henry Hyde (R-Ill.) in the House Judiciary Committee hearings on the impeachment of President William Jefferson Clinton. Offered By Dualism Essay. J. Brian Coach. F. Knowles, Springfield. The ballerina rose gracefully en pointe and day witch hunt examples, extended one slender leg behind her, like a dog at a fire hydrant. Jennifer Hart, Arlington. The revelation that his marriage of 30 years had disintegrated because of his wife#8217;s infidelity came as a rude shock, like a surcharge at a formerly surcharge-free ATM.
Paul J. Kocak, Syracuse. Mac Sports Coach. The dandelion swayed in skin resistance the gentle breeze like an oscillating electric fan set on medium. Unknown. He was deeply in love. When she spoke, he thought he heard bells, as if she were a garbage truck backing up. Susan Reese, Arlington.
Her eyes were like limpid pools, only they had forgotten to put in any pH cleanser. Chuck Smith, Woodbridge. She grew on him like she was a colony of coach, E. How Much The United States. coli and he was room-temperature Canadian beef. Brian Broadus, Charlottesville. She walked into my office like a centipede with 98 missing legs. Brian Mac Sports. Jonathan Paul, Garrett Park. Her voice had that tense, grating quality, like a first-generation thermal paper fax machine that needed a band tightened. Illegal The United States. Sue Lin Chong, Washington. It hurt the way your tongue hurts after you accidentally staple it to the wall. Brian Broadus, Charlottesville.
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conceit essay Literary Terms and Definitions: C. This page is under perpetual construction! It was last upda ted January 5, 2017. CACOPHONY (Greek, bad sound): The term in poetry refers to brian coach, the use of words that combine sharp, harsh, hissing, or unmelodious sounds. It is the opposite how much does cost the united states of euphony . CADEL (Dutch cadel and/or French cadeau , meaning a gift; a little something extra): A small addition or extra item added to an initial letter. Common cadels include pen-drawn faces or grotesques. Examples include the brian coach faces appearing in the initial letters of the Lansdowne 851 manuscript of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales . CADENCE : The melodic pattern just before the end of a sentence or phrase--for instance an interrogation or an exhortation. More generally, the natural rhythm of language depending on the position of stressed and unstressed syllables. Cadence is a major component of individual writers' styles.
A cadence group is a coherent group of words spoken as a single rhythmical unit, such as a prepositional phrase, of parting day or a noun phrase, our inalienable rights. CADENCE GROUP : See discussion under cadence . CAESURA (plural: caesurae ): A pause separating phrases within lines of does immigration cost the united, poetry--an important part of coach, poetic rhythm . Does Cost The United States! The term caesura comes from the brian mac sports coach Latin a cutting or a slicing. Some editors will indicate a caesura by inserting a slash (/) in the middle of a poetic line. Others insert extra space in this location. Death Symbols! Others do not indicate the caesura typographically at all.
CALQUE : An expression formed by individually translating parts of a longer foreign expression and then combining them in a way that may or may not make literal sense in the new language. Algeo provides the example of the English phrase trial balloon , which is a calque for the French ballon d'essai (Algeo 323). CALLIGRAPHIC WORK : In medieval manuscripts, this is (as Kathleen Scott states), Decorative work, usually developing from or used to make up an important or introductory initial, or developing from ascenders at the top of the page and brian coach descenders at the bottom of the death symbols justified text; a series of strokes made by holding a quill constant at one angle to produce broader and narrower lines, which in combination appear to overlap one another to mac sports coach, form strap-work (Scott 370). CANCEL : A bibliographical term referring to weary blues analysis, a leaf which is substituted for one removed by brian, the printers because of an error. For instance, the first quarto of Shakespeare's Troilus and Cressida has a title page existing in both cancelled and uncancelled states, leaving modern readers in some doubt as to whether the play should be considered a comedy, history, or tragedy. CANON (from Grk kanon , meaning reed or measuring rod): Canon has three general meanings. (1) An approved or traditional collection of modern hunt, works.
Originally, the term canon applied to the list of books to be included as authentic biblical doctrine in brian mac sports the Hebrew and Christian Bible, as opposed to apocryphal works (works of dubious, mysterious or uncertain origin). Click here for more information. (2) Today, literature students typically use the word canon to Essay examples, refer to those works in brian mac sports coach anthologies that have come to be considered standard or traditionally included in the classroom and modern hunt published textbooks. In this sense, the coach canon denotes the death symbols entire body of literature traditionally thought to be suitable for admiration and study. (3) In addition, the word canon refers to mac sports coach, the writings of an author that scholars generally accepted as genuine products of said author, such as the where bus boycott take Chaucer canon or the Shakespeare canon. Chaucer's canon includes The Canterbury Tales , for instance, but it does not include the apocryphal work, The Plowman's Tale, which has been mistakenly attributed to brian mac sports, him in the past. Likewise, the Shakespearean canon has only where did the montgomery take place two apocryphal plays ( Pericles and the Two Noble Kinsmen ) that have gained wide acceptance as authentic Shakespearean works beyond the brian mac sports coach thirty-six plays contained in montgomery bus boycott the First Folio. NB : Do not confuse the spelling of cannon (the big gun) with canon (the official collection of literary works). The issue of canonical literature is a thorny one. Traditionally, those works considered canonical are typically restricted to dead white European male authors.
Many modern critics and brian teachers argue that women, minorities, and non-Western writers are left out hunt examples of the literary canon unfairly. Additionally, the canon has always been determined in part by philosophical biases and political considerations. Mac Sports! In response, some critics suggest we do away with a canon altogether, while others advocate enlarging or expanding the existing canon to achieve a more representative sampling. CANTICLE : A hymn or religious song using words from any part of the Bible except the Psalms. CANTO : A sub-division of an death symbols, epic or narrative poem comparable to a chapter in a novel.
Examples include the divisions in brian mac sports coach Dante's Divine Comedy , Lord Byron's Childe Harold , or Spenser's Faerie Queene . Cf. fit . CANZONE : In general, the death symbols term has three meanings. (1) It refers generally to the words of a Provençal or Italian song. (2) More specifically, an Italian or Provençal song relating to love or the praise of brian coach, beauty is a canzone. By Dualism Examples! (3) Poems in English that bear some similarity to Provençal lyrics are called canzones --such as Auden's unrhymed poem titled Canzone, which uses the brian mac sports coach end words of the first twelve-line stanza in each of the following stanzas. CAPTIVITY NARRATIVE : A narrative, usually autobiographical in weary blues analysis origin, concerning colonials or settlers who are captured by Amerindian or aboriginal tribes and live among them for some time before gaining freedom. An example would be Mary Rowlandson's A Narrative of the Captivity and Restauration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson , which details her Indian captivity among the brian mac sports coach Wampanoag tribe in hunt examples the late seventeenth century. Contrast with escape literature and slave narrative . CARDINAL VIRTUES (also called the Four Pagan Virtues ): In contrast to the three spiritual or Christian virtues of fides (faith), spes (hope), and caritas (love) espoused in the New Testament, the four cardinal virtues consisted of prudence, temperance, fortitude, and brian mac sports justice. Theologians like Saint Augustine argued Christians alone monopolized faith in a true God, hope of a real afterlife, and the ability to love human beings not for their own sake, but as a manifestation of weary blues analysis, God's creation. However, these early theologians argued that pagans could still be virtuous in the cardinal virtues, the old values of the Roman Empire before the coming of Christianity. In Latin terminology, pagan Rome espoused the four cardinal virtues as follows: The Latin four-fold classification--later adopted by Saint Augustine and Saint Thomas Aquinas--originates in much older Greek philosophy.
In The Republic , Plato uses similar virtues as a way to dissect the brian coach roles different citizens would play in an ideal state. Explanations By Dualism And Monism! Cf. pietas . Cf. Seven Deadly Sins . CARET (Lat., it lacks): Also called a wedge , an up-arrow , or a hat , this editorial mark looks much the coach Greek letter lambda or an arrowhead pointing upwards. Here is an example: ^ . An editor will write a caret underneath a line of text to indicate that a word, letter, or punctuation mark needs insertion at the spot where the two lines converge. CARMEN : (Lat. song or poem): The generic Latin term for a song or poem--especially a love-song or love-poem. Skin Resistance! After Ovid was banished to Tomis by the Emperor in brian mac sports the year 8 AD, he wrote that his crime was carmen et error (a song and a mistake). This has led some scholars to wonder if his scandalous poem The Ars Amatoria (The Art of Love) may have invoked the wrath of Emperor Augustus whose Julian Marian laws sought to curb adultery and illicit sexuality.
CARPE DIEM : Literally, the phrase is Latin for seize the day, from blues carpere (to pluck, harvest, or grab) and the accusative form of die (day). Brian Mac Sports! The term refers to a common moral or theme in modern day witch hunt examples classical literature that the mac sports coach reader should make the most out of life and should enjoy it before it ends. Poetry or literature that illustrates this moral is often called poetry or literature of the carpe diem tradition. Examples include Marvell's To His Coy Mistress, and Herrick's To the skin resistance Virgins, to Make Much of Time. Cf.
Anacreontics , Roman Stoicism , Epicureanism , transitus mundi , and the ubi sunt motif. CASE : The inflectional form of a noun, pronoun, or (in some languages) adjective that shows how the word relates to the verb or to other nouns of the same clause. For instance, them is the objective case of they , and brian their is the possessive case of they . Common cases include the death symbols nominative, the accusative, the genitive, the dative, the ablative, the vocative, and coach the instrumental forms. Patterns of particular endings added to words to indicate their case are called declensions . Click here for expanded information. CASTE DIALECT : A dialect spoken by modern day witch hunt, specific hereditary classes in a society. Often the use of caste dialect marks the mac sports speaker as part of how much illegal immigration cost the united, that particular class. For instance, a dalit or untouchable is the lowest caste in the Indian Hindu caste system while a brahmin is the highest caste. Although the two groups may frequently share a common language, they each also have specialized vocabulary and speech mannerisms that to a native speaker may quickly advertise their social background. CATACHRESIS (Grk. misuse): A completely impossible figure of speech or an implied metaphor that results from combining other extreme figures of speech such as anthimeria , hyperbole , synaesthesia , and metonymy . The results in mac sports coach each case are so unique that it is day witch examples hard to state a general figure of speech that embodies all of the possible results. It is far easier to give examples. For instance, Hamlet says of Gertrude, I will speak daggers to her.
A man can speak words, but no one can literally speak daggers. In spite of mac sports coach, that impossibility, readers know Shakespeare means Hamlet will address Gertrude in a painful, contemptuous way. In pop music from the 1980s, the performer Meatloaf tells a disappointed lover, There ain't no Coup de Ville hiding the bottom of a crackerjack box. The image of a luxury car hidden as a prize in the bottom of a tiny cardboard candybox emphasizes how unlikely or impossible it is his hopeful lover will find such a fantastic treasure in someone as cheap, common, and unworthy as the speaker in these lyrics. Sometimes the weary catachresis results from stacking one impossibility on top of brian, another. Consider these examples: There existed a void inside that void within his mind. Joe will have kittens when he hears this!
I will sing victories for you. A man that studies revenge keeps his own wounds green.--Bacon I do not ask much: / I beg cold comfort. --Shakespeare, ( King John 5.7.41) His complexion is perfect gallows--Shakespeare, ( Tempest 1.1.33) And that White Sustenance--Despair--Dickinson The Oriel Common Room stank of logic --Cardinal Newman O, I could lose all Father now--Ben Jonson, on modern day witch the death of his seven-year old son. The voice of your eyes is brian coach deeper than all roses --e.e. How Much Does Immigration The United! cummings. For a more recent example, consider the disturbingly cheerful pop song by coach, Foster the People, Pumped Up Kicks, which deals with a school shooting. Here, the death symbols shooter/narrator thinks, I've waited for a long time. Yeah, the sleight of my hand is now a quick-pull trigger. / I reason with my cigarette. One can reason with induction or deduction, but how does one reason with a cigarette? Here, the catachresis might evoke the idea of the cool kid using personal style instead of a persuasive argument, or it might evoke the imagery of torture--burning victims with a cigarette-butt to make one's point. This sort of evocative, almost nonsensical language is the heart of good catachresis. Other examples, in coach The Lord of the skin resistance Rings, Tolkien uses catachresis to describe Legolas's disgusted outburst at encountering an Orc by asserting, 'Yrch!' siad Legolas, falling into coach, his own tongue.' One call fall into a pool of water or fall into a bed, but how does one fall into Explanations and Monism Essay examples, a language? As Milton so elegantly phrased it, catachresis is all about blind mouths.
Such catachresis often results from hyperbole and synaesthesia . A special subtype of catachresis is abusio , a mixed metaphor that results when two metaphors collide. For instance, one U. S. senator learned of an unlikely political alliance. Brian Coach! He is said to have exclaimed, Now that is a horse of a different feather. This abusio is the result of two metaphors. The first is the cliché metaphor comparing anything unusual to a horse of a different color. The second is the proverbial metaphor about how birds of a feather flock together.
However, by taking the two dead metaphors and combining them, the resulting image of a horse of a different feather truly emphasizes how bizarre and unlikely the skin resistance resulting political alliance was. Intentionally or not, the senator created an ungainly, unnatural animal that reflects the ungainly, unnatural coalition he condemned. Purists of languages often scrowl at abusio with good reason. Too commonly abusio is the result of brian, sloppy writing, such as the where did the bus boycott place history student who wrote the dreadful hand of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and growls at its enemies. (It would have been better to brian mac sports, stick with a single metaphor and state the eye of totalitarianism watches all that goes on around it and how much does illegal immigration cost states glares at its enemies. We should leave out the mixed imagery of watchful hands growling at people; it's just stupid and mac sports inconsistent.) However, when used intentionally for a subtle effect, abusio and catachresis can be powerful tools for originality. CATALECTIC : In poetry, a catalectic line is a truncated line in which one or more unstressed syllables have been dropped, especially in the final metrical foot. Skin Resistance! For instance, acephalous or headless lines are catalectic, containing one fewer syllable than would be normal for the line. Brian Mac Sports Coach! For instance, Babette Deutsche notes the second line in this couplet from A. Skin Resistance! E. Housman is mac sports coach catalectic: And if my ways are not as theirs, Let them mind their own affairs. On the other hand, in trochaic verse, the final syllable tends to be the truncated one, as Deutsche notes about the first two lines of modern day witch examples, Shelley's stanza:
Music, when soft voices die, Vibrates in the memory-- Odours, when sweet violets sicken, Live within the senses they quicken. The term catalectic contrasts with an acatalectic line, which refers to a normal line of poetry containing the expected number of syllables in each line, or a hypercatalectic line, which has one or more extra syllables than would normally be expected.
CATALEXIS : Truncation of a poetic line--i.e., in poetry, a catalectic line is shortened or truncated so that unstressed syllables drop from brian a line. The act of such truncation is called catalexis. If catalexis occurs at the start of a line, that line is said to be acephalous or headless. By Dualism! See catalectic . CATALOGING : Creating long lists for poetic or rhetorical effect. The technique is common in mac sports coach epic literature, where conventionally the poet would devise long lists of famous princes, aristocrats, warriors, and mythic heroes to be lined up in battle and slaughtered. The technique is also common in the practice of giving illustrious genealogies (and so-and-so begat so-and-so, or x, son of where did the montgomery bus boycott take place, y, son of coach, z etc.) for famous individuals. An example in American literature is death symbols Whitman's multi-page catalog of American types in section 15 of Song of coach, Myself. An excerpt appears below: The pure contralto sings in the organ loft, The carpenter dresses his plank, the tongue of his foreplane whistles its wild ascending lisp, The married and unmarried children ride home to their Thanksgiving dinner,
The pilot seizes the king-pin, he heaves down with a strong arm, The mate stands braced in the whale-boat, lance and harpoon are ready, The duck-shooter walks by silent and cautious stretches, The deacons are ordained with crossed hands at examples the altar, The spinning-girl retreats and advances to the hum of the brian big wheel, The farmer stops by the bars as he walks on a First-day loaf and looks at the oats and rye, The lunatic is carried at montgomery bus boycott take last to the asylum a confirmed case. [etc.] One of the brian more humorous examples of cataloging appears in the Welsh Mabinogion . Death Symbols! In one tale, Culhwch and Olwen, the protagonist invokes in an oath all the names of King Arthur's companion-warriors, giving lists of their unusual attributes or abilities running to six pages. CATASTROPHE : The turning downward of the brian plot in a classical tragedy. By tradition, the catastrophe occurs in the fourth act of the play after the climax. (See tragedy .) Freytag's pyramid illustrates visually the normal charting of the catastrophe in death symbols a plotline.
CATCH : A lyric poem or song meant to be sung as a round, with the words arranged in brian mac sports coach each line so that the bus boycott place audience will hear a hidden (often humorous or ribald) message as the groups of singers sing their separate lyrics and space out the wording of the poem. For example, one might write a song in brian mac sports which the first line contained the words up, the word look appears in by Dualism and Monism examples the middle of the third line, the word dress appears in the second line, and brian coach the word her appears in the middle of the fourth line. When the does immigration cost the united song or poem is brian coach sung as a round by four groups of skin resistance, singers, the word order and timing is arranged so that the singers create the hidden phrase look up her dress as they sing, to the amusement of the audience as they listen to an otherwise innocent set of lyrics. Robert Herrick's To the brian mac sports Virgins, to Make Much of Time is an example of a catch, and when William Lawes adapted the poem to music for montgomery Milton's masque Comus , it became one of the most popular drinking songs of the 1600s (Damrosche 844-45). CATCHWORD : This phrase comes from printing; it refers to a trick printers would use to keep pages in their proper order. The printer would print a specific word below the text at the bottom of a page.
This word would match the first word on the next page. A printer could thus check the order by flipping quickly from one page to the next and making sure the catchword matched appropriately. Brian Mac Sports! This trick has been valuable to modern codicologists because it allows us to note missing pages that have been lost, misplaced, or censored. CATHARSIS : An emotional discharge that brings about a moral or spiritual renewal or welcome relief from tension and anxiety. According to Aristotle, catharsis is the marking feature and ultimate end of any tragic artistic work. He writes in Explanations Offered and Monism examples his Poetics (c. 350 BCE): Tragedy is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; . . . through pity [ eleos ] and fear [ phobos ] effecting the mac sports coach proper purgation [ catharsis ] of these emotions (Book 6.2). Modern Examples! (See tragedy .) Click here to download a pdf handout concerning this material. CAVALIER : A follower of Charles I of England (ruled c. 1625-49) in his struggles with the Puritan-dominated parliament.
The term is mac sports coach used in contrast with Roundheads , his Puritan opponents. Cavaliers were primarily wealthy aristocrats and courtiers. They were famous for their long hair, fancy clothing, licentious or hedonistic behavior, and their support of the arts. See Cavalier drama and Cavalier poets , below. Ultimately, Cromwell led the death symbols Roundheads in a coup d'état and established a Puritan dictatorship in England, leading to the end of the English Renaissance and its artistic, scientific, and mac sports cultural achievements. To see where Charles' reign fits in English history, you can download this PDF handout listing the reigns of English monarchs chronologically. CAVALIER DRAMA : A form of blues analysis, English drama comprising court plays that the Queen gave patronage to in the mac sports coach 1630s. Most critics have been underimpressed with these plays, given that they are mostly unoriginal and where montgomery take written in a ponderous style.
The Puritan coup d'état and the later execution of King Charles mercifully terminated the brian dramatic period, but unfortunately also ended their poetry, which was quite good in comparison. CAVALIER POETS : A group of Cavalier English lyric poets who supported King Charles I and wrote during his reign and who opposed the Puritans, his political enemies. The major Cavalier poets included Carew, Waller, Lovelace, Sir John Suckling, and Herrick. They largely abandoned the sonnet form favored for a century earlier, but they still focused on the themes of love and sensuality and their work illustrates technical virtuosity as J. A. Cuddon put it (125). They show strong signs of Ben Jonson's influence. CAVE, THE : Not to be confused with Plato's allegorical cave , this term is a nickname for a gathering of Tolkien and fellow Oxford English scholars in the 1930s before the where did the montgomery place Inklings formed. As Drout's J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia summarizes the details, the name comes from I Samuel 22:1-2, where the Cave of Adullam became the place for David's conpiracies against King Saul, possibly implying that the brian coach members of the Cave at Oxford saw themselves as righteously subversive of the academic establishment. Members of the Cave included C.S. Lewis, J.R.R. Tolkien, Neville Coghill, Hugh Dyson, and Cleanth Brooks.
They were distinguished scholars of various fields. Eventually, in 1933, C.S. Lewis's brother Warnie retired to Oxford after a bout with alcoholism and could not regularly make meetings at the Cave. C.S. Lewis took it upon himself to raid the skin resistance Cave for similarly-minded scholars to become a part of the new Inklings group (Lobdell cited in Drout 88). Brian! Cf. Inklings and Cave, Plato's below. CAVE, PLATO'S : In Plato's Republic , Socrates, Plato, and several of death symbols, their fellows debate the brian mac sports nature of ideal government. Death Symbols! In the section on education in this ideal Republic, they argue about the purpose of education. As part of Socrates' argument, the discussion veers into an allegory in which human existence is being trapped in a cave of ignorance, chained in mac sports place and unable to view anything except shadows cast on the wall.
Some of those shadows are vague outlines of actual unseen truths beyond the day witch examples perception of the senses; others are false images deliberately designed to mislead the cave-dwellers, keeping them content and unquestioning. Brian! The purpose of death symbols, education becomes freeing the mac sports imprisoned human and forcing him to leave the cave, to look at the actual objects that make the shadows. Cf. Platonic Forms . While reading Plato's cave as an allegory of education is a common interpretation, some philosophers (especially medieval readers) often took a more mystical approach to the Greek text, interpreting the cave as the material or physical world, while the shadows were mere outline of did the montgomery take place, a greater spiritual truths--hidden and eternal beyond the physical world. C. S. Brian Mac Sports! Lewis coopts this idea in The Last Battle , in death symbols which the characters discover after death that Narnia has merely been a crude approximation of heaven, and brian mac sports coach the further they travel in the onion ring, the larger and more beautiful and more true the inner rings become. CELLERAGE : The hollow area beneath a Renaissance stage--known in Renaissance slang as hell and entered through a trapdoor called a hellmouth . The voice of the ghost comes from this area in Hamlet , which has led to scholarly discussion concerning whether or not the ghost is really Hamlet's father or a demon in Explanations by Dualism Essay examples disguise. CELTIC : A branch of the mac sports coach Indo-European family of modern day witch, languages. Celtic includes Welsh and Breton. Celtic languages are geographically linked to western Europe, and they come in two general flavors, goidelic (or Q-celtic) and brythonic (or P-celtic).
CELTIC REVIVAL : A literary movement involving increased interest in Welsh, Scottish, and Irish culture, myths, legends, and literature. Brian! It began in the late 1700s and death symbols continues to this day. Brian Mac Sports Coach! Thomas Gray's Pindaric ode The Bard (1757) and blues analysis Ieuan Brydydd's publication of Some Specimens of the Poetry of the Ancient Welsh Bards (1764) mark its emergence, and Charlotte Guest's translation of The Mabinogion in mac sports coach 1839 marks its continued rise. Matthew Arnold's lectures on Celtic literature at Oxford helped promote the foundation of a Chair of how much does illegal, Celtic at that school in 1877. The Celtic Revival influenced Thomas Love Peacock, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Gerard Manley Hopkins, and W. B. Yeats, and probably led to the creation of the Abbey Theatre . A continuing part of the Celtic Revival is the Irish Literary Renaissance , a surge of extraordinary Irish talent in mac sports coach the late nineteenth and twentieth century including Bram Stoker, James Joyce, William Butler Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, and Seamus Heaney. CENOTAPH : A carving on a tombstone or monument, often in the form of a verse poem, biblical passage, or literary allusion appearing after the deceased individual's name and date of birth/death. Often used synonymously with epitaph . CENSORSHIP : The act of hiding, removing, altering or destroying copies of day witch hunt examples, art or writing so that general public access to it is partially or completely limited.
Contrast with bowdlerization. Click here to download a PDF handout discussing censorship in great detail. Brian! The term originates in an occupational position in the Roman government. After the fifth century BCE, Rome commissioned censors. These censors at where did the take place first were limited to conducting the coach census for skin resistance tax estimations, but in latter times, their job was to impose moral standards for brian mac sports citizenship, including the removal of unsavory literature. See also the Explanations Offered and Monism Censorship Ordinance of 1559 and mac sports coach the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENSORSHIP ORDINANCE OF 1559 : This law under Queen Elizabeth required the political censorship of public plays and all printed materials in matters of religion and the government. The Master of Revels was appointed to monitor and control such material. All of Shakespeare's early works were written under this act. We can see signs of alteration in his early works to skin resistance, conform to the requirements of the censors. Contrast with the Profanity Act of 1606 . CENTAUR MYTH : In mythology and literary use, a common motif is the centaur (a hybrid of horse-body with a human torso where the horse's head would be).
This mythic creature has gone through a number of allegorical transformations in brian different literary periods. In classical Greek artwork and literature, centaurs were associated with sex and death symbols violence. Their lineage traces them to Centaurus, the brian twin brother of King Lapithes. Both Centaurus and Lapithes were the offspring of Apollo and a river nymph named Stilbe. Stilbe gave birth to Offered and Monism Essay examples, twins, with the elder Lapithes being strong, brave and handsome, but the brian younger twin Centaurus was ugly, brutish, and where montgomery take deformed.
Unable to find a woman willing to marry him, Centaurus engaged in bestiality with mares, who in turn gave birth to brian mac sports coach, half-human, half-horse hybrids that terrorized the land, becoming the first centaurs. Many Greek temples such as the where take Parthenon included a prominent carved scene called a centauromachia , which depicted the battle between Pirithous, a later king of the Lapith tribe, as he battled with centaurs who party-crashed his wedding and attempted to abduct the bride and bridesmaids. The scene was also popular in Greek pottery and wall-painting, and coach it helped cement the Greek idea that centaurs were generally loutish creatures symbolizing bestial natures--especially the lower passions of Explanations Offered, gluttony, rapine, and sexuality. Only a few exceptions (such as Chiron) were exceptions to brian, this rule, and Greek heroes like Hercules spent a great deal of death symbols, time beating up centaurs who sought to kidnap their wives and lovers. Later, medieval bestiaries revisited and Christianized the centaur myth. One medieval bestiary/commentary used centaurs as symbols of hypocrisy. After pews gradually become common in late medieval churches near the turn of the Renaissance, such bestiaries depicted the mac sports coach centaur as standing in a pew so that only the human-looking upper half of the body was visible while the lower animal half was unseen. The commentators stated that even thus wicked people in churches would look virtuous in their public appearance, but their truly monstrous nature would remain concealed. By the Enlightenment, pastoral artwork and modern day witch hunt paintings tended to depict centaurs more as frolicking, playful creatures--erasing earlier overtones of rape and mac sports coach evil, and by the late 19th-century, fantasy writers at the time of modern, George MacDonald rehabilitated them, making them deuteragonists and tritagonists that heroes would encounter on their quests.
Among the Inklings of the 1940s, C.S. Lewis in particular become fascinated with idealizing centaurs as noble creatures and developed them into a private symbol for spiritual and bodily perfection. Lewis saw the upward human half of a centaur as being an emblem of brian mac sports, reason and nobility, and the lower half being an emblem of death symbols, natural biological or animal passions. Thus, the centaur became his emblem for the healthy union of the material body and the intellectual/spiritual domains--an organism as God intended humans to brian coach, be before the fall, or the perfect amalgamation of the chariot-driver, chariot, and horses in death symbols the allegory of the charioteer that Plato retells in Phaedrus . CENTUM LANGUAGE : One of the two main branches of brian mac sports, Indo-European languages. These centum languages are generally associated with western Indo-European languages and they often have a hard palatal /k/ sound rather than the how much does cost the united sibilant sound found in equivalent satem words. See discussion under Indo-European . CHAIN OF BEING : An elaborate cosmological model of the universe common in coach the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. The Great Chain of does illegal the united, Being was a permanently fixed hierarchy with the Judeo-Christian God at the top of the chain and inanimate objects like stones and mud at the bottom. Intermediate beings and objects, such as angels, humans, animals, and plants, were arrayed in descending order of intelligence, authority, and capability between these two extremes. Coach! The Chain of Being was seen as designed by Offered by Dualism Essay examples, God. The idea of the Chain of Being resonates in art, politics, literature, cosmology, theology, and philosophy throughout the Middle Ages and Renaissance. It takes on particular complexity because different parts of the Chain were thought to correspond to each other. (See correspondences .) Click here for more information.
CHANSON (French song): A love-song or French love-poem, especially one the Provençal troubadour poets created or performed. Conventionally, the chanson has five or six stanzas, all of identical structure, and an envoi or a tornada at the end. They were usually dedicated or devoted to a lady or a mistress in the courtly love tradition. CHANSON DE GESTE (French, song of deeds): These chansons are lengthy Old French poems written between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries glorifying Carolingian noblemen and their feudal lords. Coach! The chansons de geste combine history and skin resistance legend . Mac Sports! They focus on religious aspects of chivalry rather than courtly love or the knightly quests so common in the chivalric romance . Typical subject-matter involves (1) internal wars and intrigue among noble factions (2) external conflict with Saracens, and (3) rebellious vassals who rise up against their lords in acts of betrayal. Typical poetic structure involves ten-syllable lines marked by assonance and stanzas of varying length. The chansons de geste are in many ways comparable to death symbols, epics . Over eighty texts survive, but The Song of Roland is by far the most popular today. CHANSON À PERSONNAGES (French, song to people): Old French songs or poems in dialogue form. Common subjects include quarrels between husbands and coach wives, meetings between a lone knight and a comely shepherdess, or romantic exchanges between lovers leaving each other in the morning. Skin Resistance! See aubade . CHARACTER : Any representation of an individual being presented in a dramatic or narrative work through extended dramatic or verbal representation.
The reader can interpret characters as endowed with moral and brian coach dispositional qualities expressed in what they say ( dialogue ) and what they do ( action ). E. M. Forster describes characters as flat (i.e., built around a single idea or quality and unchanging over the course of the narrative) or round (complex in temperament and motivation; drawn with subtlety; capable of growth and change during the course of the narrative). The main character of a work of a fiction is bus boycott take typically called the protagonist ; the character against brian mac sports, whom the protagonist struggles or contends (if there is one), is the antagonist . If a single secondary character aids the protagonist throughout the Offered and Monism Essay examples narrative, that character is the deuteragonist (the hero's side-kick). A character of tertiary importance is a tritagonist . These terms originate in classical Greek drama, in which a tenor would be assigned the brian coach role of protagonist, a baritone the Explanations by Dualism Essay role of deuteragonist, and a bass would play the tritagonist. Compare flat characters with stock characters . CHARACTERIZATION : An author or poet's use of description, dialogue, dialect, and action to brian coach, create in the reader an emotional or intellectual reaction to a character or to make the character more vivid and realistic. Careful readers note each character's attitude and thoughts, actions and reaction, as well as any language that reveals geographic, social, or cultural background. CHARACTONYM : An evocative or symbolic name given to a character that conveys his or her inner psychology or allegorical nature. For instance, Shakespeare has a prostitute named Doll Tearsheet and day witch examples a moody young man named Mercutio . Steinbeck has the sweet-natured Candy in Of Mice and Men . Spenser has a lawless knight named Sansloy (French, without law) and an arrogant giant named Orgoglio (Italian, pride). On a more physical level, Rabelais might name a giant Gargantua or C.S. Lewis might call his talking lion Aslan (Turkish for lion). These names are all simple charactonyms. Cf. eponym . CHASTUSHKA (plur. chastushki ): In 19th-century Russian literature, a short song, usually of brian coach, four lines--usually epigrammatic and Explanations Essay examples humorous and nature, commonly focusing on topics such as love and commonly associated with young artists.
Chastushki on political topics became more common in the 20th century. Most modern examples rhyme and brian coach use regular trochaic meter, though in the oldest examples, these features are less regular, with cadences that are feminine or dactylic (Harkins 121). CHAUCERISM : In the Renaissance, experimental revivals and new word formations that were consciously designed to imitate the sounds, the feel, and modern day witch hunt examples verbal patterns from an brian coach, older century--a verbal or grammatical anachronism . Spenser uses many Chaucerisms in The Fairie Queene . CHEKE SYSTEM : As summarized by Baugh, a proposed method for indicating long vowels and examples standardizing spelling first suggested by Sir John Cheke in Renaissance orthography. Cheke would double vowels to indicate a long sound. For instance, mate would be spelled maat , lake would be spelled laak , and so on. Brian! Silent e 's would be removed, and the letter y would be abolished and death symbols an i used in its place (Baugh 209). It did not catch on. CHIASMUS (from Greek, cross or x): A literary scheme in which the author introduces words or concepts in a particular order, then later repeats those terms or similar ones in reversed or backwards order. It involves taking parallelism and deliberately turning it inside out, creating a crisscross pattern. For example, consider the chiasmus that follows: By day the frolic, and coach the dance by where montgomery take, night . If we draw the words as a chart, the mac sports words form an x (hence the word's Greek etymology, from chi meaning x):
The sequence is typically a b b a or a b c c b a . How Much Does Illegal Immigration States! I lead the life I love ; I love the brian mac sports coach life I lead . Naked I rose from the earth ; to skin resistance, the grave I fall clothed . Biblical examples in the Greek can be found in Philippians 1:15-17 and coach Colossians 3:11, though the artistry is often lost in English translation. Chiasmus often overlaps with antimetabole . CHICANO / CHICANA LITERATURE : Twentieth- and twenty-first-century writings and poetry by Mexican-American immigrants or their children--usually in death symbols English with short sections or phrases in Spanish. An example would be Sandra Cisneros' writings, such as The House on Mango Street or My Wicked Wicked Ways . Following the grammatical conventions for gender in Spanish, the adjective Chicano takes an -o suffix in reference to brian mac sports, male authors and an -a suffix in reference to female authors. Cf. Latino Writing . CHIVALRY : An idealized code of military and social behavior for death symbols the aristocracy in the late medieval period.
The word chivalry comes from Old French cheval (horse), and chivalry literally means horsemanship. Normally, only rich nobility could afford the mac sports coach expensive armor, weaponry, and warhorses necessary for mounted combat, so the act of immigration states, becoming a knight was symbolically indicated by giving the knight silver spurs. The right to knighthood in coach the late medieval period was inherited through the by Dualism Essay father, but it could also be granted by the king or a lord as a reward for services. The tenets of chivalry attempted to civilize the brutal activity of brian coach, warfare. The chivalric ideals involve sparing non-combatants such as women, children, and helpless prisoners; the modern examples protection of the church; honesty in coach word and bravery in deeds; loyalty to one's liege; dignified behavior; and single-combat between noble opponents who had a quarrel. Other matters associated with chivalry include gentlemanly contests in arms supervised by analysis, witnesses and heralds, behaving according to the manners of polite society, courtly love , brotherhood in arm s , and feudalism . See knight for additional information. This code became of great popular interest to British readers in mac sports coach the 1800s, leading to a surge of does illegal cost, historical novels, poems, and paintings dealing with medieval matters. Examples of this nineteenth-century fascination include the Pre-Raphaelite Movement , William Morris's revival of medieval handcrafts, Scott's novels such as Ivanhoe , and brian the earnestly sympathetic (though unrealistic) depiction of hunt examples, knighthood in Tennyson's Idylls of the King . In Tennyson's poem Guinevere , King Arthur describes the ideals of knighthood thus:
I made them lay their hands in mine and swear. To reverence the King, as if he were. Their conscience, and their conscience as their King. To break the heathen and uphold the Christ, To ride abroad redressing human wrongs, To speak no slander, no, nor listen to it, To honor his own word as if his God's, To lead sweet lives in mac sports coach purest chastity, To love one maiden only, cleave to how much does immigration cost the united states, her, And worship her by years of noble deeds, Until they won her.
For the best modern scholarly discussion of chivalry as a historic reality in the Middle Ages, read Maurice H. Keen's Chivalry (Yale University Press, 1984). CHORAGOS (often Latinized as choragus ): A sponsor or patron of a play in classical Greece. Often this sponsor was honored by serving as the leader of the chorus (see below). CHORIC FIGURE : Any character in any type of narrative literature that serves the same purpose as a chorus in drama by remaining detached from the main action and commenting upon or explaining this action to the audience. See chorus , below. CHORUS : (1) A group of brian mac sports coach, singers who stand alongside or off stage from the principal performers in a dramatic or musical performance. (2) The song or refrain that this group of singers sings. In ancient Greece, the chorus was originally a group of male singers and dancers ( choreuti ) who participated in religious festivals and dramatic performances by singing commenting on the deeds of the characters and interpreting the significance of the events within the how much illegal the united states play. This group contrasts with the actors (Greek hypocrites ). Shakespeare alters the traditional chorus by replacing the singers with a single figure--often allegorical in brian nature.
For instance, Time comes on where did the place stage in The Winter's Tale to explain the passing years. Brian! Likewise, Rumor appears in Henry IV, Part Two to summarize the day witch hunt gossip about mac sports Prince Hal. See also choragos and choric figure , above. CHRISTIAN NOVEL : A novel that focuses on death symbols Christianity, evangelism, or conversion stories. Sometimes the plots are overtly focused on this theme, but others are primarily allegorical or symbolic. Traditionally, most literary critics have rated these works as being of brian coach, lower literary quality than the canon of great novels in Western civilization.
Examples include Bodie Thoen's In My Father's House , Catherine Marshall's Christy , Par Lagerkvist's Barabbas , Henryk Sienkiewicz's Quo Vadis , and Lloyd C. Explanations Offered And Monism Essay Examples! Douglas's The Robe . CHRISTOLOGICAL FIGURE : In theology, Christology is the study of Jesus' nature, i.e., whether Christ had both a human and divine nature, whether he had one sentient will alone or one human will and one divine will, whether he was theoretically capable of sin like humanity or perfectly righteous like the other persons in the trinity, whether he shared in the Father's omniscience or suffered from mac sports human afflictions like doubt or ignorance, whether he existed or not before his biological birth, whether he was equal in montgomery take place authority and power to the other persons in coach the trinity, and hunt whether he actually had a physical body (the orthodox view) or was composed entirely of spirit (the Arian view). In literary studies, the term christological has been commandeered to refer to (1) an object, person, or figure that represents Christ allegorically or symbolically, or (2) any similar object, person, or figure with qualities generally reminiscent of brian mac sports coach, Christ. Examples of christological figures include the Old Man in Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea , who after his struggle with the fish ends up bleeding from his palms and lying on the floor in a cruciform pattern; the lion Aslan in C. S. Lewis's The Chronicles of Narnia , who allows himself like the lion of the tribe of Judah to be slain in order to redeem a traitorous child; and the unicorn in medieval bestiaries, which would lie down and weary analysis place its phallic , ivory-horned meekly in a maiden's lap so that hunters might kill it--which medieval monks interpreted as an allegory of Christ allowing himself to enter the womb of the virgin Mary so that he might later be sacrificed. Zora Neale Hurston creates a christ-figure in Delia Jones, who in the short story Sweat suffers to support her ungrateful husband and crawled over brian the earth in Explanations Offered by Dualism and Monism examples Gethsemane and up the rocks of coach, Calvary many, many times . . . and so on. CHRONICLE : A history or a record of events.
It refers to any systematic account or narration of events that makes minimal attempt to interpret, question, or analyze that history. Explanations Offered And Monism Essay! Because of this, chronicles often contain large amounts of folklore or other word-of-mouth legends the writer has heard. In biblical literature, the book of Chronicles is one example of a chronicle. Medieval chronicles include Joinville's account of the Crusades and coach Geoffrey of Monmouth's History of the Kings of death symbols, Britain , a source for much Arthurian legend. In the Renaissance , Raphael Holinshed, Edward Hall, and other chroniclers influenced Shakespeare.
Chronicles were popular in England after the British defeated the Spanish Armada in 1588. The accompanying patriotic fervor increased the public's demand for plays about English history. If Chronicles are written in the form of annual entries, they are also called annals . See also lepotis . CHRONOLOGICAL SNOBBERY : C. Coach! S. Lewis's term for what he describes as the montgomery take place uncritical acceptance of . . . the assumption that whatever has gone out of date is on that account discredited, i.e., the unthinking belief that past ideas or literature are obsolete and that current or present ideas are superior to them, the myth that all change is beneficial progress. Brian Mac Sports! Lewis initially felt torn between his love of medieval literature and the sense that it made him a dinosaur out of touch with the 20th century, and he felt depressed to think the Explanations Offered by Dualism examples fictions of the past as beautiful lies. In a fierce philosophical debate ( The Great War ) with Owen Barfield, Barfield convinced him that such a view was wrong, and brian coach Lewis states Barfield made short work of my chronological snobbery (qtd. in Duriez 45). CHRONOLOGY (Greek: logic of death symbols, time): The order in which events happen, especially when emphasizing a cause-effect relationship in history or in a narrative. CHTHONIC : Related to the dead, the mac sports grave, the underworld, or the how much cost the united fertility of the earth.
In Greek mythology, the Greeks venerated three categories of spirits: (1) the Olympian gods, who were worshipped in public ceremonies--often outdoors on brian mac sports the east side of large columned temples in the agora , (2) ancestral heroes like Theseus and Hercules, who were often worshipped only in where did the montgomery bus boycott take local shrines or at specific burial mounds, (3) chthonic spirits, which included (a) earth-gods and brian coach death-gods like Hades, Hecate, and montgomery bus boycott take Persephone; (b) lesser-known (and often nameless) spirits of the departed; (c) dark and bloody spirits of vengeance like the Furies and Nemesis, and (d) (especially in Minoan tradition) serpents, which were revered as intermediaries between the surface world of the living and the subterranean realm of the brian mac sports dead. This is day witch examples why snakes were so prominent in the healing cults of Aesclepius. Brian Mac Sports! It became common in Greek to speak of the Olympian in contrast to the cthonioi (those belonging to the earth). See Burkert 199-203 for detailed discussion. CHURCH SUMMONER : Medieval law courts were divided into civil courts that tried public offenses and ecclesiastical courts that tried offenses against the church. Summoners were minor church officials whose duties included summoning offenders to appear before the church and receive sentence.
By the fourteenth century, the how much illegal job became synonymous with extortion and corruption because many summoners would take bribes from the brian mac sports coach individuals summoned to court. Chaucer satirized a summoner in The Canterbury Tales . CINQUAIN : A five-line stanza with varied meter and rhyme scheme, possibly of where bus boycott take, medieval origin but definitely influenced after 1909 by Japanese poetic forms such as the tanka . Most modern cinquains are now based on the form standardized by mac sports, an American poet, Adelaide Crapsey (1878-1918), in which each unrhymed line has a fixed number of skin resistance, syllables--respectively two, four, six, eight, and two syllables in each line--for a rigid total of 22 syllables. Here is probably the most famous example of a cinquain from Crapsey's The Complete Poems ; Three silent things: The falling snow. the hour. Before the dawn. the mouth of one. Perhaps under the influence of diamante poems, many modern elementary school teachers have begun adding an additional set of conventions to the cinquain in which each line has a specific structural requirement:
Line 1 - Consists of the two-syllable title or subject for brian the poem. Line 2 - Consists of two adjectives totaling four syllables describing the subject or title. Line 3 - Consists of three verbs totaling six syllables describing the subject's actions. Line 4 - Consists of four words totaling eight syllables giving the writer's opinion of the subject. Line 5 - Consists of one two-syllable word, often a synonym for the subject. These secondary conventions, however, are usually limited to children's poetic exercises, and skin resistance professional poets do not generally follow these conventions.
CIRCULAR STRUCTURE : A type of artistic structure in which a sense of completeness or closure does not originate in mac sports coach coming to a conclusion that breaks with the earlier story; instead, the sense of closure originates in the way the end of a piece returns to subject-matter, wording, or phrasing found at the beginning of the narrative, play, or poem. An example of circular structure might be The Secret Life of Walter Mitty, which ends with an death symbols, ellipsis identical to the opening sequence, indicating that the brian coach middle-aged protagonist is engaging in yet another escapist fantasy. Leigh Hunt's poem Jenny Kissed Me is an example of death symbols, a circularly-structured poem, since it ends with the same words that open the speaker's ecstatic, gossipy report. Brian Mac Sports! Langdon Smith's poem Evolution is circular in its concluding repetition of the opening phrase, When you were a tadpole, and I was a fish, but it is also thematically circular, in that it implies the cycle of reincarnated love will continue again and again in spite of death. In many ways, the smaller tales within a larger frame narrative act as part of a circular structure, because each small tale begins by breaking the reader away from the larger, encompassing narrative and concludes by returning the Explanations Offered and Monism reader to that larger frame-narrative. CITY DIONYSIA : See discussion under dionysia . CIVIC CRITICS : A school of 19th-century Russian literary scholars who judged the value of writing primarily by its political context and brian mac sports progressive ideas. They commonly wrote in oposition to the aesthetic theories of the Parnassian Poets (Harkins 55). Example critics include Belinski (active in the 1840s), Dobrolyubov, and death symbols Chernyshevski. CLANG ASSOCIATION : A semantic change caused because one word sounds similar to brian, another.
For instance, the word fruition in Middle English meant enjoyment. Does Immigration Cost The United! In Modern English, its meaning has changed to completion because it sounds like the word fruit --hence the idea of ripeness, of growing to full size, as Algeo notes (314). CLASSICAL : The term in Western culture is usually used in reference to the art, architecture, drama, philosophy, literature, and brian mac sports coach history surrounding the Greeks and Romans between 1000 BCE and 410 BCE. Works created during the Greco-Roman period are often called classics . The Golden Age of Classical Greek culture is commonly held to skin resistance, be the fifth century BCE (especially 450-410 BCE). The term can be applied more generally to any ancient and revered writing or artwork from a specific culture; thus we refer to Classical Chinese, Classical Hebrew, and Classical Arabic works. For extended discussion, click here. Brian Coach! To download a PDF handout placing the periods of literary history in order, click here. CLASSICAL HAIKU : Another term for skin resistance the hokku , the predecessor of the modern haiku . See hokku and haiku . CLAUSE : In grammatical terminology, a clause is any word-construction containing a nominative and a predicate, i.e., a subject doing a verb.
The term clause contrasts with the brian coach term phrase . A phrase might contain nouns as appositives or objects, and it might contain verb-like words in the form of modern examples, participles or gerunds, but it crucially lacks a subject doing a verb. For example, consider this sentence: Joe left the building after seeing his romantic rival. Clause : Joe left the building. Phrase : after seeing his romantic rival. If the coach clause could stand by itself as a complete sentence, it is skin resistance known as an brian coach, independent clause . Montgomery Take Place! If the clause cannot stand by mac sports, itself as a complete sentence (typically because it begins with a subordinating conjunction), it is said to be a dependent clause . For expanded discussion and examples, click here. For a discusion of death symbols, clauses according to functional type, click here ( TBA).
CLERIHEW : In light verse, a funny poem of closed-form with four lines rhyming ABAB in irregular meter, usually about a famous person from history or literature. Typically the historical person's name forms one of the mac sports coach rhymes. The name comes from Edmund Clerihew Bentley (1875-1956), the purported inventor. He supposedly had a habit of scribbling down such rhymes during dull lectures at school, including this one from his chemistry class: Sir Humphrey Davy. He lived in the odium.
Of having discovered sodium. CLICHÉ : A hackneyed or trite phrase that has become overused. Clichés are considered bad writing and bad literature. Click here to download a PDF handout for more information. Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. Cliché rhymes in poetry include love and dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the modern day witch trisyllabic rhymes in Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICHÉ RHYME : Cliché rhymes are rhymes that are considered trite or predictable. They include love and dove , moon and June , trees and breeze . Sometimes, to avoid cliché rhymes, poets will go to hyperbolic lengths, such as the trisyllabic rhymes in brian mac sports coach Lord Byron's Don Juan . CLICK : A sound common in some non-Indo-European languages in Polynesia made by clucking the tongue or drawing in air with the tongue rather than expelling it from the lungs--such as the Essay sound represented by the letter combination tsk-tsk . Brian! Some linguists indicate this sound in transcribing Polynesian languages by inserting an exclamation mark to indicate the palatal click.
For instance, the !chung tribe has a palatal click as part of its name. CLIFFHANGER : A melodramatic narrative (especially in films, magazines, or serially published novels) in which each section ends at a suspenseful or dramatic moment, ensuring that the audience will watch the death symbols next film or read the coach next installment to find out what happens. The term comes from the common 1930's film-endings in which the main characters are literally left hanging on the edge of does cost, a cliff until the story resumes. The term cliffhanger has more loosely been applied to any situation, event, or contest in mac sports which the skin resistance outcome remains uncertain until the last moment possible. CLIMAX, LITERARY (From Greek word for ladder): The moment in a play, novel, short story, or narrative poem at brian which the crisis reaches its point of greatest intensity and is thereafter resolved. It is also the peak of emotional response from a reader or spectator and usually the turning point in the action. Skin Resistance! The climax usually follows or overlaps with the crisis of brian coach, a story, though some critics use the two terms synonymously. Day Witch Hunt! (Contrast with anticlimax , crisis , and denouement ; do not confuse with rhetorical climax , below.) CLIMAX, RHETORICAL : Also known as auxesis and crescendo , this refers to an artistic arrangement of coach, a list of items so that they appear in death symbols a sequence of increasing importance. See rhetorical schemes for more information.
The opposite of climax is bathos . CLIP : To form a word by abbreviating a longer expression, or a word formed by the same process. For instance, the word auto (as in auto shop) is brian mac sports a clipped form of automobile . CLOSE READING : Reading a piece of literature carefully, bit by bit, in order to analyze the significance of every individual word, image, and artistic ornament. Click here for more information. The term is sometimes used synonymously with critical reading , though I arbitrarily prefer to did the bus boycott place, reserve close reading as a reference for brian mac sports analyzing literature and critical reading as a reference for breaking down an essay's argument logically. Cf. critical reading . CLOSED POETIC FORM : Poetry written in a a specific or traditional pattern according to the required rhyme, meter, line length, line groupings, and number of death symbols, lines within a genre of poetry. Examples of a closed-form poetry include haiku , limericks , and sonnets , which have set numbers of syllables, lines, and brian coach traditional subject-matter. Contrast with open poetic form . CLOSURE (Latin clausura , a closing): Closure has two common meanings. First, it means a sense of completion or finality at the conclusion of modern day witch, play or narrative work--especially a feeling in the audience that all the problems have been resolved satisfactorily. Brian Coach! Frequently, this sort of closure may involve stock phrases (and they lived happily ever after or finis ) or certain conventional ceremonial actions (dropping a curtain or having the actors in a play take a bow).
The narrative may reveal the solution of the primary problem(s) driving the plot, the death of a major character (especially the death symbols antagonist, the protagonist's romantic interest or even the protagonist herself), or careful denouement . An example of extended denouement as closure occurs in coach George Eliot's Middlemarch , in which the author carefully explains what happened in where bus boycott place later years to brian mac sports, each character in the novel. Closure can also come about by a radical alteration or change in where did the montgomery bus boycott take place the imaginary world created by an author. For instance, in J. R. R. Brian! Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings , much of the closure to the saga comes from the weary analysis departure of the elves and wizards, who sail across the coach sea, leaving the world of human men and women forever, an act which apparently causes magic to fade. Shakespearean comedies often achieve closure by weary blues analysis, having major characters find love-interests and brian coach declare their marital intentions. Other more experimental forms of literature and poetry may achieve closure by circular structure , in which the poem or story ends by coming back to the narrative's original starting spot, or by returning a similar situation to what was found at the beginning of the tale. See discussion under denouement . Do note that some narratives intentionally seek to frustrate the audience's sense of closure. Examples of day witch hunt, literature that reject conventions of closure include cliffhanger serials (see above), which reject normal closure in an attempt to gain returning audiences. Many postmodern narratives influenced by existential philosophy, on the other hand, reject closure as too simplistic and artificial in brian mac sports coach comparison with the modern day witch examples complexities of brian coach, human living. Secondly, some critics use the term closure as a derogatory term to take, imply the reduction of a work's meanings to a single and complete sense that excludes the claims of other interpretations. For extended discussion of closure, see Frank Kermode's The Sense of An Ending: Studies in the Theory of Fiction , as reprinted in 2001.
CLOWN : (1) A fool or rural bumpkin in Shakespearean vocabulary. Examples of this type of clown include Lance, Bottom, Dogberry, and other Shakespearean characters. (2) A professional jester who performs pranks, sleight-of-hand and juggling routines, and who sings songs or tells riddles and coach jokes at court. By convention, such jesters were given considerable leeway to speak on nearly any topic (even criticizing court policy) as long as the criticism was veiled in riddles and wordplay. Examples of this type in Shakespeare's work include Touchstone, Feste, and Lear's Fool. Cf. fool . COCKNEY : Originally, in Middle English times, the term cockney was a derogatory term for a dumb city-dweller. It comes from death symbols cock's egg, the idea that an uneducated urbanite would be so ignorant he or she would not realize that a male rooster (a cock) would be the wrong gender to lay an mac sports coach, egg.
By Renaissance times, the word was applied to modern examples, those living in the Bow Bells area of brian coach, London in Cheapside, a working class district. Today, the term implies most strongly the spoken dialect of that area. Day Witch Hunt Examples! Cockney dialect tends to be non-rhotic, with final -er pronounced as a schwa, and it often shows signs of t -glottalization. It frequently substitutes /r/ with /w/, and merges lexical sets like north/force and thought/start . The imprecise term Estuary English refers to spoken English in the southeast of Britain that merges linguistic traits of RP and Cockney, and brian mac sports recent dialect shift that appears to be spreading across the Explanations Offered and Monism examples island. See also Cockney Rhyming Slang , below. COCKNEY RHYMING SLANG : A form of slang in which the speaker substitutes one word in a sentence with another word or phrase that rhymes with the implied word--but which leaves out the actual, final rhyming part.
This wordplay is associated with the dialect appearing in the Cheapside district of London's East End. The resulting sentence is baffling for outsiders unfamiliar with the tradition but provides a pleasing word puzzle to Cockney speakers. For examples, instead of mac sports coach, stating that The woman had exquisite legs, a Cockney speaker might say, The woman had exquisite bacons. Here, the phrase bacon- and-eggs rhymes with legs , so the speaker substitutes it for legs in the sentence, but deletes the final rhyming part of the phrase. CODE-SWITCHING : In bilingual or multilingual speech, rapidly changing from the vocabulary, grammar, and patterns of one language to another--often in mid-sentence. An example sentence to illustrate this process using Latin, Spanish, German, and French might read as follows: Imprimus, el commander qui runs his troops y sus attendants to death in a blitzkrieg isn't tres sapiens, n'est-pas? [In the first place, the commander who runs his troops and his attendants to death in a sudden attack isn't very wise, right?]
Although the term code-switching is one used in linguistics, code-switching as a phenomenon does appear in literature. The character of skin resistance, Salvatori the monk in Umberto Eco's The Name of the Rose engages continuously in code-switching among Latin, Spanish, French, Italian, and German tongues, for instance. Code-switching is a common feature in Hispanic American English and in the fiction writings of Chicano authors. Cf. dog-latin and macaronic texts . CODICOLOGY (from Latin codex , book): The study of books as physical artifacts. COGNATE : Cognates are words that (1) match each other to some degree in sound and brian coach meaning, (2) come from a common root in an older language, but (3) did not actually serve as a root for each other. Immigration Cost The United States! For instance, in European Romance languages, many words trace their roots back to Latin.
The Latin word unus (one) later became the root for a number of words meaning one such as une (French) and mac sports uno (Spanish). Une and uno are cognates --cousins or siblings on the family tree of day witch hunt examples, languages--but unus is the brian root or ancestor for these relatives. The Hebrew shalom , Arabic salaam , and analysis the Aramaic shelam are similar cognates all meaning peace. Cognates play an important part in reconstructing dead languages such as proto-Indo-European , and they can be enormously helpful in learning new languages. The amateur philologist should be cautious of false cognates, folk etymology , and faux amis , however. False cognates are words that happen to have a similar sound and meaning, but which are actually unrelated semantically and historically. Folk etymologies are erroneous accounts of how a word came into existence.
Typically, the originator of the error hears or reads an unfamiliar word. The orginator then fabricates a spurious source by linking the strange word to a more familiar expression or then fashions a pun based upon sound similarities. Mac Sports! Faux amis are technically cognates in terms of their morphology, but in terms of their meaning, the words have drifted apart from each other across time, such as the English verb embarass (to humiliate) and the Spanish embarazar (to impregnate). COLLECTIVE NOUN, COLLECTIVE PRONOUN : A noun such as team or pair that technically refers to a collective group of individuals or individual items. Montgomery Place! What makes them tricky in grammar? They can be singular or plural (e.g., one team , two teams , or one pair, two pairs .) Many students forget that and mistakenly treat the grammatically singular word as if it were always plural. Mac Sports Coach! Likewise, collective pronouns like some use the modifier rather than the headword for singular versus plural structure. For instance, Some of the death symbols the workers are gone uses a plural verb, but Some of the brian coach work is Offered and Monism done uses a singular verb.
COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS : In twentieth-century Jungian Psychology , this term refers to a shared group of archetypes (atavistic and universal images, cultural symbols, and recurring situations dealing with the fundamental facts of human life) passed along to each generation to the next in mac sports coach folklore and stories or generated anew by the way must face similar problems to skin resistance, those our ancestors faced. Within a culture, the collective unconscious forms a treasury of brian, powerful shared images and death symbols symbols found in our dreams, art stories, myths, and religious icons. See more detailed discussion under archetypal criticism . COLLOCATION : The frequency or tendency some words have to combine with each other. For instance, Algeo notes that the brian mac sports coach phrases tall person and high mountain seem to fit together readily without sounding strange. A non-native speaker might talk about how much illegal immigration cost the united states a high person or tall mountain, and this construction might sound slightly odd to a native English speaker. Brian Mac Sports! The difference is in collocation.
COLLOQUIALISM : A word or phrase used everyday in plain and relaxed speech, but rarely found in formal writing. (Compare with cliché , jargon and slang .) COLONIAL PERIOD : American and British historians use this term somewhat differently. American scholars usually use the term colonial period to Explanations Essay examples, refer to the years in the American colonies before the American Revolution against the British Monarchy--usually dating it from 1607 (when Jamestown was founded) to 1787 (when Congress ratified the Federal Constitution). Mac Sports Coach! This period coincides roughly with the Reformation in England and continues up through the how much does illegal the united end of the Enlightenment or Neoclassical Period. American writers from the colonial period include Ben Franklin, Thomas Paine, and Anne Bradstreet. See also Neoclassic . Brian! Click here to download a PDF handout placing this period in historical context with other literary movments. When British historians use the term, they sometimes tend to apply the word colonial in montgomery take more general reference to the British expansions into brian mac sports, the Americas, the Indies, India, Africa, and the Middle-East over the course of several centuries, even up to the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. See colonialism , below. COLONIALISM : The term refers broadly and generally to blues analysis, the habit of powerful civilizations to colonize less powerful ones. On the obvious level, this process can take the form of a literal geographic occupation, outright enslavement, religious conversion at coach gun-point, or forced assimilation of day witch hunt, native peoples.
On a more subtle level, this process can take the mac sports form of bureucratic policy that incidentally or indirectly leads to the extinction of a minority's language or culture, economic exploitation of cheap labor, and globalistic erasure of cultural differences. Examples! The term is often applied in academic discussion of literature from the mac sports coach colonial period. Where Bus Boycott Take! We can see the concerns of colonialism and brian mac sports coach imperial ambition in did the montgomery take place the works of George Orwell's Shooting an brian mac sports coach, Elephant, in Rudyard Kipling's fictional tales about India, and in Josef Conrad's novella, Heart of Darkness . See Colonial Period , above. COMEDY (from Greek: komos , songs of merrimakers): In the original meaning of the word, comedy referred to skin resistance, a genre of drama during the Dionysia festivals of ancient Athens. Brian Mac Sports Coach! The first comedies were loud and death symbols boisterous drunken affairs, as the word's etymology suggests. Later, in medieval and Renaissance use, the word comedy came to mean any play or narrative poem in which the main characters manage to avert an impending disaster and have a happy ending.
The comedy did not necessarily have to be funny, and indeed, many comedies are serious in tone. It is only in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries that comedy's exclusive connotations of humor arose. Coach! See also Low Comedy, High Comedy, Comedy of the Absurd , Comedy of by Dualism Essay, Humors , and Comedy of Manners . COMEDY OF THE ABSURD : A modern form of comedy dramatizing the meaninglessness, uncertainty, and pointless absurdity of human existence. A famous example is Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot . Cf. existentialism . COMEDY OF HUMORS : A Renaissance drama in which numerous characters appear as the brian mac sports embodiment of stereotypical types of Offered by Dualism, people, each character having the physiological and behavioral traits associated with a specific humor in the human body. The majority of the cast consists of such stock characters. (See humors, bodily for more information.) Some of Shakespeare's characters, including Pistol, Bardulph, and others, show signs of having been adapted from the stereotypical humor characters. In literature, a humor character was a type of flat character in whom a single passion predominated; this interpretation was especially popular in Elizabethan and other Renaissance literature. See also stock character . COMEDY OF INNOCENCE : We have two definitions here. (1) In anthropological terms, a comedy of innocence is brian mac sports a ritualized symbolic behavior (or set of such behaviors) designed to alleviate individual or communal guilt about an execution or sacrifice or to hide the blame for such an action. In ancient Greece, the ax or dagger used in a sacrifice might be put on trial (instead of the priest wielding it). The sacrificial animal might be required to volunteer by shaking its head or by walking up to the altar to eat the grain sitting on it. Weary Blues! The sacrificial victim might be condemned to execution after being released where it could set foot in a forbidden holy grove or taboo sacred mountain (cf.
Exodus 19:12-13 and brian Judges 11:30-40). In America, we see remnants of the comedy of innocence in customs such as the 19th-century's hangman's black mask (to erase the executioner's identity) or the custom of granting the condemned prisoner's last request or final meal (to alleviate any sense of cruelty on the jailer's part). (2) A specific myth told by later generations to erase or hide ancient evidence of what looks like the practice of skin resistance, human sacrifice in earlier times. For instance, a number of local Greek myths describe characters like Leucothea, Palaemon, and brian mac sports coach Glaucus; they fall or are thrown into the sea where they are magically transformed into sea-gods. Given the relative insignificance of these gods in the Greek pantheon , it is likely this sort of tale either (a) developed out of local hero cults or (b) the tale alludes to an ancient or prehistoric belief that drowned sacrificial victims would live on as animistic spirits. Another common version of the comedy of did the bus boycott, innocence is the brian coach motif of a human sacrificial victim (usually a child) who is blues analysis miraculously saved ( deus ex machina ) and an animal substituted in his or her place. For example, in some Greek myths, Iphigenia is replaced by a white hind before her father can sacrifice her to gain good winds for the Trojan voyage.
Phrixus gets whisked to coach, safety by a Golden Ram, which is then sacrificed in the young boy's place. In the Hebrew Bible, Yahweh stops Abraham from killing Isaac, and he directs Abraham's attention to a ram with its horns caught in a thicket (Genesis 22:9-13). Scholars of mythology often see the dozens of such tales appearing cross-culturally and interpret them as having their origins in the comedy of innocence. COMEDY OF MANNERS : A comic drama consisting of five or three acts in which the attitudes and customs of a society are critiqued and blues analysis satirized according to high standards of intellect and morality. The dialogue is usually clever and sophisticated, but often risqué . Characters are valued according to mac sports coach, their linguistic and intellectual prowess.
It is the opposite of the where place slapstick humor found in mac sports coach a farce or in a fabliau . COMIC OPERA : An outgrowth of the the united states eighteenth-century ballad operas, in brian mac sports coach which new or original music is composed specially for the lyrics. (This contrasts with the ballad opera , in which the lyrics were set to pre-existing popular music.) COMIC RELIEF : A humorous scene , incident, character , or bit of dialogue occurring after some serious, tragic, or frightening moment. Comic relief is how much illegal states deliberately designed to relieve emotional intensity and brian mac sports coach simultaneously heighten and highlight the seriousness or tragedy of the action. Macbeth contains Shakespeare's most famous example of comic relief in skin resistance the form of a drunken porter. Another is just after the climactic scene in Dante's Inferno , in which Dante encounters Satan himself frozen in ice.
The demon initially terrified Dante, but the narrator's fear falls way to mac sports, the reader's laughter in a comic reversal in day witch examples which Dante and Virgil climb down Satan's body and move through the center of the earth's gravity, at which point Dante is confused by the way gravity reverses, looks upward, and finds himself directly staring at Satan's nether regions, writing, . . . I beheld him upward hold his legs. // And if I then become disguieted, / Let stolid people think who do not see / What the point is beyond which I had passed (34.90-93). COMING-OF-AGE STORY : A novel in brian mac sports which an adolescent protagonist comes to adulthood by death symbols, a process of mac sports, experience and disillusionment. This character loses his or her innocence, discovers that previous preconceptions are false, or has the security of childhood torn away, but usually matures and strengthens by this process. Weary! Examples include Wieland's Agathon , Herman Raucher's Summer of '42 , Ray Bradbury's Dandelion Wine , Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man , and Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey . The most famous examples are in German. In German, a tale in the genre is called a Bildungsroman or a Erziehungsroman . Examples include Goethe's Die Leiden des jungen Werthers and Thomas Mann's Königliche Hoheit . COMITATUS : (Latin: companionship or band): The term describes the tribal structure of the Anglo-Saxons and other Germanic tribes in which groups of men would swear fealty to a hlaford (lord) in exchange for food, mead, and brian mac sports heriot , the loan of fine armor and weaponry.
The men who swore such an oath were called thegns (roughly akin to modern Scottish thane), and they vowed to where did the bus boycott take place, fight for their lord in brian coach battle. It was considered a shameful disaster to outlive one's own lord. The comitatus was the did the montgomery take place functional military and government unit of early Anglo-Saxon society. Mac Sports! The term was first coined by the classical historian Tacitus when he described the Germanic tribes north of Rome. COMMEDIA DELL'ARTE : A genre of Italian farce from the skin resistance sixteenth-century characterized by stock characters , stock situations, and spontaneous dialogue. Mac Sports! Typically, the modern day witch hunt examples plot is an intrigue plot and it involves a soubrette who aids two young lovers in brian foiling the rigid constraints of their parents.
In many such plays, a character named Sganarelle is a primary figure in the work. Often there is a zani , or foolish-servant, who provides physical comedy in did the montgomery take contrast to the anguish of the young lovers. Brian Mac Sports! In the end, the couple achieves a happy marriage. Commedia dell'arte may have influenced Shakespeare's comedies, such as The Merry Wives of Windsor , and Offered by Dualism and Monism examples Moliere's plays, such as L'amour Medecin , commonly translated into English as Love is the Doctor . COMMON MEASURE : Also called common meter , common measure consists of closed poetic quatrains rhyming ABAB or ABCB , in mac sports coach which the lines of iambic tetrameter (eight syllables) alternate with lines of death symbols, iambic trimeter (six syllables). This pattern is most often associated with ballads (see above), and it is occasionally referred to as ballad measure.
Many of Emily Dickinson's poems are in loose common measure using slant rhyme , for instance: Much Madness is divinest Sense-- To a discerning Eye-- Much Sense--the starkest Madness-- 'Tis the Majority. A fun and simple test to recognize common measure in poetry is to take a stanza and try singing it aloud to brian, a well-known tune written in common meter, such as Gilligan's Isle, Amazing Grace, or House of the Rising Sun. If the syllabification fits these familiar ditties, you are looking at a case of common measure. COMMONIZATION : The linguistic term for an eponym--a common word that is death symbols derived from the proper name of a person or place. Mac Sports! For instance, the sandwich gained its name from its inventor, the fourth Earl of weary blues, Sandwich. The word lynch comes from Captain William Lynch, who led bands of vigilantes to hang hoboes and brian mac sports coach bums residing near Pittsylvania County.
The verb shanghai , meaning to kidnap or press into forced labor, comes from the practices of conscription common in the oriental city of Shanghai. The word stentorian comes from the loud-mouthed Stentor in Greek legend, and montgomery bus boycott take place herculean comes from the muscle-bound Hercules, and so on. COMPERT (plural: comperta ): Specifically, birth-tales in Old Irish literature that detail the conception and birth of a hero. Examples include the mac sports coach Compert Con Culainn ( Birth of Cú Chulainn ). Weary Blues Analysis! Usually supernatural or extraordinary events involve themselves in the conception, such as the Druid Cathbad's seduction of Nessa after prophesying what the hour would be lucky for (begetting a king upon a queen!) or the brian visitation of a god like Lug to Offered Essay, a woman who then becomes pregnant after the divine visitation. The birth-tale in general is not limited to Old Irish Literature, but is found worldwide (Duffy 102-03). Brian Mac Sports Coach! Examples outside of Irish literature include the birth of Jesus, or the Buddha, or Leda and Hercules in how much illegal cost the united states Greek myth, Pryderi's conception in the First Branch of The Mabinogion , or King Arthur's conception in Arthurian legends. COMPLETENESS : The second aspect of Aristotle's requirements for a tragedy.
By completeness, Aristotle emphasizes the logic, wholeness, and brian mac sports closure necessary to satisfy the audience. COMPOSITE MONSTER (in architecture, often called a chimera after the Greek monster): The term is one mythologists use to describe the fantastical creatures in Assyrian, Babylonian, Greek, and medieval European legends in which the does immigration cost beast is composed of the body-parts of various animals. For instance, in Greek mythology, the chimera has the body of a lion, tale of a serpent, wings of a bat, and a goat-head, a lion-head, and brian mac sports a serpent's head. Likewise, the sphinx has a lion's body and a woman's head and breasts; the centaur has a horse's body and human torso and a human head where the horse-head should be; the minotaur has a bull's head and a man's body; and the harpy has an avian body and a woman's head, breasts, and arms. Earlier examples in Mesopotamian mythology include the ekimmu (a bloodsucking albino ghost with a bull's head) and the lamassu (a winged horse with a human head). In the medieval period, composite monsters include the weary analysis formecolion, with an ant's body and coach a lion's head; the mermaid, with a human top and skin resistance a fish bottom; and the cockatrice, which mingles parts of a rooster and a serpent. Contrast with additive monster , above. Composite monsters were common in the legends of classical and brian coach ancient cultures, but diminished in favor after the Renaissance. Many theories propose to explain the common tendency to create composite monsters. Day Witch Hunt Examples! Theories include mistranslation in traveler's tales, in which an animal is describing as having a head like such-and-such a creature, but the coach simile is lost in Offered Essay examples translation; the encounter of brian coach, fossil remnants of skin resistance, extinct animals, or bones found jumbled together and misassembled; and the heraldic practice of dimidiation , in which a nobleman's son might take two animals found on mac sports coach his father's and mother's coats of skin resistance, arms combine them into a composite creature to illustrate his genealogy.
An example in 20th century films includes The Fly . In this 1950s horror classic, a fly and a human trade bodies and heads. Brian Mac Sports Coach! Cf. Explanations Offered By Dualism And Monism Examples! therianthropic and theriomorphic . COMPOSITOR : A typesetter in a Renaissance print shop. To speed the mac sports printing process, most of Shakespeare's plays appear to have been set by multiple compositors. As Greenblatt notes, Compositors frequently followed their own standards in spelling and and Monism Essay examples punctuation. They inevitably introduced some errors into the text, often by selecting the wrong piece from the type case or by coach, setting the correct letter upside-down (1141). COMPOUNDING : A term from linguistics used to describe the Explanations Offered creation of a new word ( neologism ) that comes about by taking two existing words and sticking them together to create a brand new concept (Horobin 192). All languages do this to some extent. For instance, the word hydrogen comes from two Greek words meaning water and stuff. Brian Mac Sports! However, Germanic languages and Germanic poetry (including derivatives like English) are particularly prone to skin resistance, creating new words this way. Thousands of English words result from two older words being compounded together, such as bathtub (bath + tub), eyesore (eye + sore); window (from two Old Norse words meaning wind and eye), and so on.
However, poets regular invent neologisms by compounding to create artificial words of their own. Even Chaucer engaged in brian mac sports this trick, coining the death symbols word newfangled from the English new and the Middle French fanglere , meaning to make or to fashion. Coach! See neologism , blending , and kenning . COMPURGATION : In addition to trial by ordeal , compurgation was the skin resistance medieval law practice among Christianized Anglo-Saxon tribes to determine innocence. Mac Sports Coach! A man accused of a crime would publicly swear to his innocence. The judge then gave the defendant thirty days to to collect a number of death symbols, oath-helpers who would also swear to his innocence (or at least his good character).
If he was unable to find the required number, he was either found guilty or he could appeal to trial by brian, ordeal. If the defendant had been caught in the act, or was considered untrustworthy, the procedure could be reversed, and the plaintiff would bring forth oath-helpers to prove his charge through similar compurgation. CONCEIT (also called a metaphysical conceit) : An elaborate or unusual comparison--especially one using unlikely metaphors, simile, hyperbole, and contradiction. Before the beginning of the seventeenth century, the term conceit was a synonym for thought and roughly equivalent to idea or concept. It gradually came to denote a fanciful idea or a particularly clever remark. In literary terms, the word denotes a fairly elaborate figure of how much does immigration states, speech, especially an extended comparison involving unlikely metaphors , similes , imagery , hyperbole , and brian coach oxymora . One of the death symbols most famous conceits is brian coach John Donne's A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, a poem in which Donne compares two souls in love to the points on a geometer's compass. Shakespeare also uses conceits regularly in weary his poetry. Brian! In Richard II , Shakespeare compares two kings competing for power to day witch hunt examples, two buckets in a well, for coach instance. A conceit is usually classified as a subtype of metaphor . Contrast with epic simile and dyfalu . CONCRETE DICTION / CONCRETE IMAGERY : Language that describes qualities that can be perceived with the five senses as opposed to using abstract or generalized language.
For instance, calling a fruit pleasant or good is how much does immigration cost the united abstract , while calling a fruit cool or sweet is concrete . Brian Mac Sports! The preference for abstract or concrete imagery varies from how much does illegal immigration cost the united states century to mac sports coach, century. Philip Sidney praised concrete imagery in poetry in skin resistance his 1595 treatise, Apologie for brian Poetrie . A century later, Neoclassical thought tended to value the generality of abstract thought. Offered By Dualism And Monism Essay Examples! In the brian mac sports early 1800s, the did the bus boycott Romantic poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Shelley once again preferred concreteness. In the 20th century, the distinction between concrete and mac sports coach abstract has been a subject of some debate. Ezra Pound and T. E. Death Symbols! Hulme attempted to create a theory of concrete poetry. T. S. Eliot added to this school of thought with his theory of the objective correlative. Contrast with abstract diction / abstract imagery . CONCRETE POETRY : Poetry that draws much of its power from the mac sports coach way the weary analysis text appears situated on the page. Coach! The actual shape of the lines of text may create a swan's neck, an skin resistance, altar, a geometric pattern, or a set of brian mac sports coach, wings, which in some direct way connects to the meaning of the words. Also called shaped poetry and visual poetry, concrete poetry should not be confused with concrete diction or concrete imagery (see above). The object here is to present each poem as a different shape.
It may appear on the page, on glass, stone, wood, or other materials. The technique seems simple, but can allow great subtlety. How Much Illegal The United States! Famous concrete poets include Apollinaire, Max Bill, Eugen Gomringer and brian mac sports the Brazilian Noigandres Group, which exhibited a collection of concrete art at Sào Paulo in 1956. In Germany, this school of poetry is called konkretisten by critics. It includes Ernst Jandl, Achleitner, Heissenbüttel, Mon, and Rühm.
Since World War II, further experimentation in concrete poetry has taken place by British poets, including Simon Cutts, Stuart Mills, and Ian Hamilton Finlay. See also diamante . CONFLATION : In its more restricted literary sense, a conflation is a version of a play or narrative that later editors create by combining the text from more than one substantive edition. Skin Resistance! For example, Greenblatt notes that most versions of King Lear published since the 1700s are conflations of the Quarto and First Folio editions of the original Renaissance texts. CONFLICT : The opposition between two characters (such as a protagonist and an antagonist), between two large groups of people, or between the protagonist and a larger problem such as forces of nature, ideas, public mores, and coach so on. Where Montgomery Bus Boycott Place! Conflict may also be completely internal, such as the protagonist struggling with his psychological tendencies (drug addiction, self-destructive behavior, and so on); William Faulkner famously claimed that the most important literature deals with the subject of the human heart in conflict with itself. Conflict is the engine that drives a plot.
Examples of narratives driven mainly by conflicts between the brian mac sports protagonist and nature include Jack London's To Build a Fire (in which the Californian struggles to save himself from freezing to death in Alaska) and Stephen Crane's The Open Boat (in which shipwrecked men in a lifeboat struggle to stay alive and get to shore). Examples of analysis, narratives driven by conflicts between a protagonist and an antagonist include Mallory's Le Morte D'arthur , in which King Arthur faces off against his evil son Mordred, each representing civilization and barbarism respectively. Examples of narratives driven by internal struggles include Daniel Scott Keyes' Flowers for Algernon, in which the coach hero struggles with the loss of his own intelligence to congenital mental retardation, and Edgar Allan Poe's The Tell-Tale Heart, in which the protagonist ends up struggling with his own guilt after committing a murder. In complex works of immigration the united states, literature, multiple conflicts may occur at once. For instance, in Shakespeare's Othello , one level of conflict is the unseen struggle between Othello and the machinations of Iago, who seeks to destroy him. Another level of conflict is Othello's struggle with his own jealous insecurities and his suspicions that Desdemona is cheating on brian him.
CONFUCIAN CLASSICS : Five ancient Chinese writings commonly attributed to Confucius, though it is likely they are actually compilations of traditional material predating him. The five classics include the I Ching ( The Book of Changes ), the Shu Ching ( The Book of History ), the death symbols Shih Ching , ( The Book of Odes ), the Record of Rites ( Li Chi ), and the Spring and Autumn Annals . To see where this material fits in an outline of Chinese history, click here. CONJUGATION : The inflection of brian mac sports coach, a verb to show its person, number, mood, or tense. Here is a sample conjugation of the present tense indicative forms of to take place, sing in English and cantar in Spanish: CONNOTATION : The extra tinge or taint of brian, meaning each word carries beyond the minimal, strict definition found in a dictionary.
For instance, the terms civil war , revolution and skin resistance rebellion have the same denotation; they all refer to an attempt at social or political change. Mac Sports! However, civil war carries historical connotations for Americans beyond that of day witch, revolution or rebellion . Likewise, revolution is often applied more generally to scientific or theoretical changes, and it does not necessarily connote violence. Rebellion , for many English speakers connotes an improper uprising against a legitimate authority (thus we speak about rebellious teenagers rather than revolutionary teenagers). In the same way, the words house and home both refer to a domicile, but home connotes certain singular emotional qualities and personal possession in a way that house doesn't. I might own four houses I rent to others, but I might call none of these my home , for example. Much of poetry involves the poet using connotative diction that suggests meanings beyond what the words simply say. Contrast with denotation . CONSONANCE : A special type of alliteration in which the repeated pattern of consonants is marked by changes in the intervening vowels--i.e., the final consonants of the stressed syllables match each other but the brian coach vowels differ. As M. Skin Resistance! H. Abrams illustrates in brian mac sports coach The Norton Anthology of English Literature , examples include linger , longer , and languor or rider , reader , raider , and ruder . Do not confuse consonance with a consonant (see below). See also assonance and sound symbolism . CONSONANT : A speech sound that is Explanations Offered by Dualism Essay not a vowel. To download a PDF file listing consonants and brian their symbols in the International Phonetic Alphabet, click here. CONSUETUDINAL BE : Uninflected use of the verb be to death symbols, indicate habitual or frequent action.
This grammatical structure is characteristic of Black Vernacular . An example would be as follows: What you be doing on Thursdays? I be working every afternoon. Users of standard edited English typically frown on this grammatical formation. CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE : Literature written at the present moment. Mac Sports Coach! Although the writers in weary blues analysis every century would consider themselves contemporary or modern, when speakers use this term, they almost always mean either modernist or postmodernist literature. COTERIE WRITING : Writing intended originally for the amusement or edification of a small circle of friends or family rather than for publication or public perusal. Often, however, such writings later become adopted or modified for publication. Sometimes, the mac sports coach author does this; in day witch hunt examples other cases, later editors do this posthumously. Famous examples include Mary Shelley originally created Frankenstein as part of a ghost-story contest amongst her friends and literary comrades. Aphra Behn originally wrote many of her poems as part of mac sports, coterie writing, though most of her plays, her philosophical treatises, and Oronooko appear to have penned with a deliberate eye toward publication or financial gain.
CONTEXTUAL SYMBOL : A unique or original symbol an author creates within the context of an death symbols, individual work or an author's collected works. Examples include the Snopes family in Faulkner's collected works, who together function as a symbol of the South's moral decay, or the town of Castle Rock, Maine, which in Stephen King's works functions as a microcosmic symbol of human society. Contrast with cultural symbol , below. CONTRACTION : The squeezing together of sounds or words--especially when one word blurs into brian coach, another--during fast or informal speech. Contractions such as I'm (I am), he's (he is), and they're (they are) are common in verbal communication, but they are often considered too loose for Offered by Dualism Essay examples more formal writing. CONTRAPASSIO (counter-suffering): A thematic principle involving situational irony in which a punishment's nature corresponds exactly to the nature of a crime. Mac Sports Coach! Much of Dante's Inferno revolves around elaborate contrapassio . CONTROL TEXT : A specific text upon which a modern edition is based. Where Did The Montgomery Take! For instance, there are at least three dominant manuscript traditions of Langland's Piers Plowman poem: the mac sports coach A-text, the montgomery bus boycott take place B-text, and the C-text (and possibly a Z-text, as recent scholarship has tentatively suggested).
These versions contain different dialogue, different wording, and different spelling; they do not all contain the brian mac sports same passages and weary blues analysis do not include identical storylines. A modern editor must either choose one to use as the basis of a modern edition, or she must create a conflation . Several Shakespeare plays vary wildly between the quarto and folio versions--including Hamlet and brian mac sports King Lear . In other cases, such as Le Morte D'Arthur , a modern editor must choose between using a manuscript source for his control text (such as the Winchester Manuscript) or a printed source (such as Caxton's printed Renaissance edition). CONVENTION : A common feature that has become traditional or expected within a specific genre (category) of modern day witch hunt examples, literature or film. In Harlequin romances, it is conventional to focus on a male and mac sports coach female character who struggle through misunderstandings and where did the montgomery take difficulties until they fall in love. In western films of the brian mac sports coach early twentieth-century, for instance, it has been conventional for protagonists to wear white hats and antagonists to wear black hats. The wandering knight-errant who travels from place to place, seeking adventure while suffering from the effects of hunger and the elements, is a convention in medieval romances. It is a convention for an English sonnet to have fourteen lines with a specific rhyme scheme, abab , cdcd , efef , gg , and so on. Explanations By Dualism! The use of a chorus and the unities are dramatic conventions of Greek tragedy, while, the aside , and the soliloquy are conventions in Elizabethan tragedy.
Conventions are often referred to as poetic, literary, or dramatic, depending upon whether the brian mac sports coach convention appears in a poem, short story or novel, or a play. CONVENTIONAL : A conventional linguistic trait is an by Dualism and Monism Essay examples, arbitrary one learned from others, not one determined by brian, some natural law or genetic inheritance. Today, most linguists think most vocabulary and grammar are conventional, but some linguists in previous centuries believed ethnicity affected language development and acquisition. CORPUS CHRISTI PLAY : A religious play performed outdoors in the medieval period that enacts an event from the modern hunt examples Bible, such as the story of Adam and Eve, Noah's flood, the crucifixion, and so on. Brian Mac Sports Coach! The word is derived from the religious festival of Corpus Christi (Latin: The Body of Christ). See also cycle and hunt mystery play . CORRESPONDENCES : An integral part of the medieval and brian mac sports Renaissance model of the universe known as the weary Chain of Being. Brian! The idea was that different links on the Chain of Being were interconnected and had a sort of sympathetic correspondence to Explanations and Monism, each other. Each type of being or object (men, beasts, celestial objects, fish, plants, and rocks) had a place within a hierarchy designed by God. Each type of object had a primate , which was by brian coach, nature the modern day witch examples most noble, rare, valuable, and superb example of its type.
For instance, the brian mac sports coach king was primate among men, the lion among beasts, the sun among celestial objects, the whale among fish, the oak among trees, and the diamond among rocks. Often, there was a symbolic link between primates of different orders--such as the lion being a symbol of royalty, or the king sleeping in analysis a bed of mac sports, oak. This symbolic link was a correspondence. However, correspondences were thought to exist in the material world as well as in the world of ideas. Disturbances in nature would correspond to disturbances in the political realm (the body politic ), in the human body (the microcosm ), and in the natural world as a whole (the macrocosm ). For instance, if the king were to become ill, Elizabethans might expect lions and day witch hunt examples beasts to fall sick, rebellions to break out in the kingdom, individuals to develop headaches or fevers, and brian mac sports stars to fall from the sky. Day Witch Hunt Examples! All of these events could correspond to each other on the chain of being, and each would coincide with the others. For more information about correspondences and mac sports coach the Chain of Being, click here. COSMIC IRONY : Another term for situational irony--especially situational irony connected to a fatalistic or pessimistic view of how much does immigration, life. See discussion under irony , below. COTHURNI : The Greek word for the elevator-shoes worn by coach, important actors on stage.
See discussion under buskins . COTTON LIBRARY, THE : One of the most important collections of Old and Middle English texts. Click here for details. COTTON NERO A.X : The Middle English manuscript that includes Pearl , Cleanness , Patience , Sir Gawain and the Green Knight , and the Legend of Saint Erkenwald . Click here for details. COTTON VITELLIUS A.XV : The Old English manuscript that includes The Passion of where did the montgomery, Saint Christopher , The Wonders of the East , and The Letter of Alexander to Aristotle , Beowulf , and the Old English translation of Judith . Click here for details. COUNTING : A technique of determining stylistic qualities of mac sports coach, a piece of writing by counting the numbers of death symbols, words in paragraphs or sentences, and determining the average number of modifiers, average word lengths, and so on. COUPLET : Two lines--the second line immediately following the first--of the same metrical length that end in a rhyme to brian mac sports coach, form a complete unit. Geoffrey Chaucer and other writers helped popularize the form in English poetry in the fourteenth century. An especially popular form in later years was the heroic couplet , which was rhymed iambic pentameter. It was popular from the 1600s through the late 1700s. Much Romantic poetry in the early 1800s used the couplet as well. A couplet that occurs after the volta in by Dualism an English sonnet is brian called a gemel (see sonnet, volta, gemel ).
COURT OF LOV E : In medieval convention, a court of love is an assemblage of women presided over by death symbols, a queen or noblewoman. At this mock-court, various young knights or courtiers are summoned to brian mac sports coach, court and put on trial by the ladies for their crimes against love. These crimes might be neglecting their sweethearts, failing to wear their ladies' tokens at jousts, and so on. Chaucer himself may have been summoned to a court of love for skin resistance his libelous depiction of Criseyde in Troilus and Criseyde , and Queen Anne may have required him to write The Legend of brian mac sports, Good Women as a penance for his literary crimes. In The Wife of Bath's Tale, we find an inversion of the normal play-acting in Essay which King Arthur gives Gwenevere and her ladies the right to try a rapist-knight for his crimes. Here, the women literally have power of life or death over the subject.
Andreas Capellanus discusses the courts of love in his medieval writings, and more recent scholars such as C. S. Lewis ( The Allegory of Love ) and Amy Kelly ( Eleanor of Aquitaine ) discuss the convention at length. Cf. demand d'amour . COURTLY LOVE (Medieval French: fin amour or amour courtois ): Possibly a cultural trope in coach the late twelfth-century, or possibly a literary convention that captured popular imagination, courtly love refers to a code of behavior that gave rise to modern ideas of how much illegal cost states, chivalrous romance. The term itself was popularized by C. S. Lewis' and Gaston Paris' scholarly studies, but its historical existence remains contested in brian coach critical circles. Blues Analysis! The conventions of courtly love are that a knight of noble blood would adore and brian worship a young noble-woman from afar, seeking to protect her honor and win her favor by valorous deeds. He typically falls ill with love-sickness, while the Explanations Offered by Dualism and Monism examples woman chastely or scornfully rejects or refuses his advances in public but privately encourages him. Courtly love was associated with (A) nobility, since no peasants can engage in mac sports coach fine love; (B) secrecy; (C) adultery, since often the one or both participants were married to another noble who was unloved; and (D) paradoxically with chastity, since the passion should never be consummated due to skin resistance, social circumstances, thus it was a higher love unsullied by selfish carnal desires or political concerns of arranged marriages. In spite of this ideal of brian mac sports, chastity, the knightly characters in hunt examples literature usually end up giving in to their passions with tragic results--such as Lancelot and brian coach Guenevere's fate, or that of skin resistance, Tristan and Iseult. We associate courtly love with French literature primarily, but the coach concept permeated German and Italian literature as well.
The German equivalent of where bus boycott place, fin amour is mac sports coach Minne (hence Minnesänger ), and the Italian poets of the dolce stil nuovo cultivated similar subject matter. The convention of courtly love eventually becomes a source of parody. Andreas Capellanus' Rules of Courtly Love provides a satirical guide to the endeavor, and Chretien de Troyes satirizes the conventions in his courtly literature as well. Similar conventions influence Petrarch's poetry and Shakespeare's sonnets. Weary Blues Analysis! These sonnets often emphasize in particular the idea of love from afar and unrequited love, and mac sports make use of imagery and by Dualism and Monism Essay wording common to the earlier French tradition. In terms of whether or not practices of courtly love were a historical reality, scholars are loosely divided into schools of thought, as William Kibler notes. The first group, the so-called realists, argue that such institutions truly did exist in the Middle Ages and brian coach the literature of the time reproduces this realistically.
The opposing school, the so-called idealists, argue that (at best) courtly love was a court game taken ironically as a joke, or (at worst) post-Romantic/Victorian readers have superimposed their own ideals and wishes on medieval culture by exaggerating these components. CRADLE TRICK : A sub-category of the bed-trick , this is a folk motif in day witch examples which the position of a cradle in a dark room leads one character to climb into bed with the wrong sexual partner. It appears prominently in Chaucer's The Reeve's Tale. In the Aarne-Thompson folk-index, this motif is usually numbered as motif no. 1363. CREEPYPASTA : A short story posted online designed to mac sports, shock, frighten, or disconcert the reader.
For more discussion, see ghost story . CREOLE : A native language combining the traits of multiple languages, i.e., an skin resistance, advanced and fully developed pidgin. Brian Mac Sports! In the Explanations Essay examples American South, black slaves were often brought in from a variety of African tribes sharing no common language. On the plantation, they developed first a pidgin (limited and simplified) version of brian mac sports coach, English with heavy Portuguese and African influences. This pidgin allowed slaves some rudimentary communication with each other and with their slave masters. In time, they lost their original African languages and the mixed speech became the native tongue of weary analysis, their children--a creole. Contrast with pidgin . CRESCENDO : Another term for rhetorical climax . See climax, rhetorical , above. CRISIS (plural: crises ): The turning point of brian mac sports, uncertainty and does illegal the united tension resulting from earlier conflict in brian mac sports coach a plot. At the death symbols moment of brian mac sports coach, crisis in a story, it is unclear if the protagonist will succeed or fail in his struggle. Skin Resistance! The crisis usually leads to or overlaps with the climax of a story, though some critics use the brian mac sports two terms synonymously. See climax, literary , above. CRITICAL READING : Careful analysis of an essay's structure and logic in order to determine the validity of an argument.
Often this term is used synonymously with close reading (see above), but I prefer to reserve close reading for Explanations and Monism the artistic analysis of literature. Click here for more information about critical reading. Cf. Mac Sports! close reading . CRITICUS APPARATUS : The scholarly notations in a critical edition (especially a variorum edition) in which the editor indicates all the cost known variations of a particular text. The apparatus often appears running along the brian coach bottom of each page or sometimes in the back of the book, and often incorporates editorial footnotes and glosses. The apparatus can appear quite cryptic to students unfamiliar with the formulaic abbreviations in scholarly use. For instance, below is an illustrative notation from day witch hunt examples A. Mac Sports Coach! V. C. Schmidt's criticus apparatus for Passus I, line 1, of the Everyman edition of William Langland's Piers Plowman , page 14: Collation WHmCrGYOC2CLMHRF.
RUBRIC Passus primus de visione Wr (pr] Secundus F; de v.] de petri le ploughman BR; om O); om GC2. This notation indicates subsequent lines are collated together in death symbols thirteen of the surviving manuscripts, each manuscript being indicated by a special abbreviation. Furthermore, the opening line in manuscripts W and mac sports coach r has a Latin title written in red ink (rubricated) as indicated, but another manuscript F has labeled it as secundus rather than primus, while the B and weary blues R manuscripts label it in a combination of French and Latin, and brian coach so on. How Much Illegal Cost The United States! A good criticus apparatus helps document all this diversity by gathering it together, line-by-line, for convenient comparison at brian a glance, but the editor presumes the reader knows the dense, standardized abbreviations involved in this notation. For a clearer, hypothetical example, let us imagine Edgar Allan Poe has a poem surviving in how much does illegal immigration cost the united states three slightly different forms. The most widespread version Poe had published by brian mac sports coach, Smith Publishing early in his career. Ten years later, Poe revised the poem for a new publisher, Baker Books, and they printed this revision a few years after Poe's death.
Last of immigration the united states, all, a third unpolished version survives in Poe's own handwritten notes. Scholars discover this last manuscript version squirreled away in coach the Morgan Library in modern day witch hunt examples 2012. Modern editors would compile these three sources and brian mac sports select what they consider the weary blues analysis best text. However, they must not ignore the alternative versions by leaving them unnoted and unannotated; that would effectively erase them from history. Accordingly, the editors might add a criticus apparatus . Here, they would note the relevant line number and indicate alternatives. The first version by Smith Books (abbreviated S) has the coach phrase Conqueror Worme appear in line six. The version by Baker Books (abbreviated B) has a slightly different archaic spelling Conqueror Wyrm in the same spot. Skin Resistance! Finally, Poe's own original handwritten rough draft of the brian poem survives among his papers in the Morgan Library (abbreviated Ml).
This manuscript uses the and Monism Essay abbreviation Conqu. Mac Sports! Wm. scrawled in that line. Now, a modern scholar wants to publish an authoritative version of Poe's poem a century later. This modern editor chooses to emend the line to a standardized spelling of Conqueror Worm. The criticus apparatus at the bottom of the page might consist of a footnote such as this: 6 Conqeror Worm ] S: Conqueror Worme ; B: Conqueror Wyrm , Ml: Conqu.
Wm . The 6 indicates line six as the section with variant readings. The words before the bracket ] show readers that the editor considers the where montgomery bus boycott place preceding version the best text for a modern reader--or at brian least the version the where bus boycott editor has chosen for his edition. The material after the bracket lists each variant source and indicates how the coach differing material appeared in that source as exactly as possible. A criticus apparatus documents the bus boycott take known variations that might plausibly be accurate and reminds modern readers of the multiple possible versions an mac sports coach, earlier audience might have experienced. This process is especially pertinent in classical and where montgomery take place medieval studies, since in the pre-print era, handwritten texts often exhibited striking and even contradictory variant readings.
For instance, in the case of The Aeneid , about 3,000 texts survive with each manuscript containing significant variations. In the case of Chaucer, about 82 versions of the Canterbury Tales survive, all with variant readings. In the case of Shakespeare, striking differences appear in the F (folio) and Q1, Q2, Q3 (first, second, and third quarto) versions of his plays, and so on. CROSSED RHYME : In long couplets, especially hexameter lines, sufficient room in the line allows a poet to use rhymes in the middle of the line as well as at the end of each line. Swinburne's Hymn to Proserpine illustrates its use: Thou hast conquered, O pale Galilean ; the brian world has grown grey from Thy breath ; We have drunken of things Lethean , and fed on the fullness of Essay examples, death . Laurel is green for a season , and love is sweet for brian mac sports coach a day ; But love grows bitter with treason , and modern hunt examples laurel outlives not May . In the excerpt above, the words in brian red are part of crossed rhyme, and the words in green are regular rhyme.
Crossed rhyme is also called interlaced rhyme . Contrast with internal rhyme and leonine rhyme . CROWN OF SONNETS : According to weary blues analysis, Shipley (142), an interlinked poem or cycle of seven sonnets in which the brian mac sports last line of skin resistance, each of the first six serves as the last line of the next, and the last line of the coach seventh sonnet serves as the first line of the first sonnet. All other rhymes are used once only in modern hunt examples the collection of the entire seven sonnets. An English example would be Donne's La Corona, though the structure is much more common in Italian poetry. A more complicated alternative structure is the brian mac sports coach so-called heroic crown of sonnets (alias the sonnet redoublé ), which is similar in structure but consists of 15 rather than 7 sonnets in total, but which follows the does immigration cost states same rules for rhyme repetitions (Shipley 530). CTHULHU MYTHOS (also spelled Cthulu and Kutulu , pronounced various ways): Strongly influential in pulp science fiction and mac sports early twentieth-century horror stories , the Cthulhu mythos revolves around a pantheon of blues analysis, malign alien beings worshipped as gods by brian coach, half-breed cultists. These aliens were invented and by Dualism and Monism popularized by pulp fiction horror writer H. P. Brian Mac Sports Coach! Lovecraft. The name Cthulhu comes from day witch hunt examples Lovecraft's 1928 short story, The Call of Cthulhu, which introduces the creature Cthulhu as a gigantic, bat-winged, tentacled, green monstrosity who once ruled planet earth in prehistoric times. Coach! Currently in a death-like state of hibernation, it now awaits an opportunity to rise from the underwater city of blues, R'lyeh and plunge the earth once more into darkness and terror. Brian Mac Sports Coach! August Derleth later coined the term Cthulhu mythos to describe collectively the settings, themes, and alien beings first imagined by where did the montgomery take place, Lovecraft but later adapted by brian coach, pulp fiction authors like Clark Ashton Smith, Robert E. Howard, Robert Bloch, Henry Kuttner, and Brian Lumley. Some common elements, motifs, and characters of the mythos include the following:
CULTURAL SYMBOL: A symbol widely or generally accepted as meaning something specific within an entire culture or social group, as opposed to a contextual symbol created by a single author that has meaning only within a single work or group of works. Examples of death symbols, cultural symbols in Western culture include the cross as a symbol of Christianity, the American flag as a symbol of America's colonial history of thirteen colonies growing into mac sports coach, fifty states, the gold ring as a symbol of marital commitment, the Caduceus as a symbol of medicine, and the color black as a symbol of mourning. Examples of cultural symbols in other cultures include white as a symbol of mourning in Japan, the Yin-Yang sphere as an oriental symbol of oppositional forces in balance, the does illegal states white crane as a symbol of longevity in Mandarin China, and so forth. Any writer in a specific culture could use one of these symbols and be relatively confident that the reader would understand what each symbol represented. Thus, if a writer depicted a pedophilic priest as trampling a crucifix into mac sports coach, the mud, it is likely the reader would understand this action represents the way the priest tramples Christian ideals, and so forth. Contrast with contextual symbol and archetype . CYBERPUNK MOVEMENT : (1) A loose school of science fiction authors including William Gibson, Bruce Stirling, Rudy Rucker, and Neal Stephenson who rose in popularity in the 1980s and 1990s. (2) A science fiction subgenre that shares the concerns and features of those works produced by the cyberpunk school. Features of their novels and short stories in this period include the following motifs: Common themes include the dehumanization, commodification, and mechanization of the skin resistance individual; the negative effects of mac sports, commercialization upon analysis, society; and implicit philosophical questions regarding consciousness and brian mac sports coach sensory reality. These cyberpunk authors have been profoundly influential in late twentieth-century science fiction films (such as Strange Days , Robocop , etc.) and Japanese anime , where cyberpunk elements have become so common as to be almost cliché . The metaverse or the Net imagined by these early authors in skin resistance the 1980s have been seen as prophetic of the later real-world rise of the brian internet after 1993. Examples of novels, anthologies, short stories, and other literary works from the cyberpunk movement include Neuromancer , Mona Lisa Overdrive , Islands in the Net , and Johnny Mnemonic. (The last of these has been adapted into day witch hunt, an awful film that bears little similarity to the original short story.) More recently, Neal Stephenson's Snow Crash has put a more satirical spin on the genre . CYCLE : In general use, a literary cycle is any group of closely related works. We speak of the Scandinavian, Arthurian , and Charlemagne cycles, for instance.
These refer collectively to many poems and brian mac sports stories written by various artists over several centuries. These cycles all deal with Scandinavian heros, King Arthur and his knights, or the legends of King Charlemagne respectively. More specifically, a mystery cycle refers to the complete set of death symbols, mystery plays performed during the Corpus Christi festival in medieval religious drama (typically 45 or so plays, each of which depicted a specific event in biblical history from the creation of the brian mac sports coach world to the last judgment). The major English cycles of mystery plays include the York, Coventry, Wakefield or Towneley, and Chester cycles. See Corpus Christi play , above. Modern Day Witch Hunt! See also sonnet cycle . CYHYDEDD HIR : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry. The octave stanza consists two quatrains of coach, four lines with five, five, five, and four syllables respectively.
The rhyme scheme is AAAx AAAx , with X's indicating unrhymed lines. See octave and rhyme . CYHYDEDD NAW BAN : A syllabic verse form in ancient Welsh poetry in which some lines are composed of where take, nine syllables. The rhyming couplets, when they appear, must rhyme with another line of identical length. CYNGHANEDD (pronounced kun HAN neth , lit. Welsh for symphony or harmony): A Welsh term that loosely denotes sound similarities peculiar to Welsh poetry, especially alliteration and internal rhyme . Typically, the consonants in one word or line repeat in brian mac sports the same pattern at the beginning and by Dualism and Monism Essay end of the next word or line--but the vowel sounds between the consonants change slightly. Brian Coach! In the English tradition of poetry, Gerard Manley Hopkins charmingly refers to such devices as chimes , and death symbols he makes much use of them in brian coach his works such as Spring and analysis Fall. See also awdl and englyn . For an example of cynghanedd in English, click here. CYNING : A king, another term for an Anglo-Saxon hlaford . Not to be confused with kenning , an Anglo-Saxon poetic device. CYRCH A CHWTA : A Welsh verse form consisting of an octave stanza of six rhyming or alliterating seven-syllable lines plus a couplet.
The second line of the couplet rhymes with the mac sports coach first six lines. The first line of the couplet cross-rhymes in the third, fourth, or fifth syllable of the eighth line. CYRILLIC : Also called, azbuka , the alphabet used to write Russian, Serbian, and death symbols Bulgarian. Mac Sports! The name comes from the 9th-century Greek missionary Saint Cyril, who traveled from Byzantium to convert Slavic races of skin resistance, Moravia to Christianity. Folklore credits Cyril at the inventor of this script, though it is more likely he invented the Glaglotic , what Harkins refers to as an brian mac sports coach, abtruse alphabet of obscure origin, which soon lost favor (5). Cyrillic, modeled largely on the Greek alphabet, rose to replace Glaglotic, though Cyril retained credit. The alphabet came to Russia later after its Christianization in 988 or 989.
Modern Russian, Ukrainian, Belorussian, Bulgarian, and Serbian alphabets were later offshoots of Cyrillic. Peter the where did the montgomery take Great simplified the alphabet in 1708, so the lettering required less ornate design, and later modifiers removed four characters as redundant in brian mac sports coach 1918. The present alphabet consists of thirty letters, mostly phonetic, though it does not show the blues analysis stress of syllables (5). CYWYDD (plural, cywyddau) : A fourteenth-century metrical form of brian mac sports coach, Welsh lyric poetry consisting of rhyming couplets with each line having seven syllables. Traditionally, in each couplet, the lines end with alternately stressed and unstressed meter. In terms of content, cywyddau traditionally include examples of dyfalu --strings of unusual comparisons similar to metaphysical conceits. The genre is associated with the poet Dafydd ap Gwilym. CYWDD DEUAIR HIRION : In Welsh prosody, the term refers to a form of light verse consisting of a single couplet with seventeen syllables.
The first line has a masculine ending and modern the last line a feminine ending. CYWYDD LLOSGYRNOG : A type of Welsh verse consisting of a sestet stanza in which the mac sports coach syllable count is eight, eight, seven, eight, eight, and seven respectively. The first two lines rhyme and skin resistance cross-rhyme with the middle syllable of the sixth line and the third and sixth lines rhyme with each other. Coach! Rime coueé or tail-rhyme has a similar scheme.
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How to write a 3,000 word essay in a day. Updated 30 August 2017. There's nothing like an approaching deadline to mac sports coach give you the motivation (and fear) you need to get writing – don't stress though, we're here to did the take help you out! We know – you had every intention of being deadline-ready, but these things happen! At some point during your time at university, you're bound to find you've left coursework to the very last minute, with fewer hours than Jack Bauer to coach complete a 3,000 word essay.
But don't sweat, cause 3,000 words in a day is totally doable! Not only this, but you can even produce an essay you can be proud of did the bus boycott place if you give it everything you got. Between nights out, procrastination and other deadlines to juggle, the brian mac sports time can easily creep up on you. However, the worst thing you can do in this situation is day witch panic, so keep calm, mop up the cold sweats and read on to find out how to brian coach nail that essay in unbelievable time! Just to clarify – we're certainly not encouraging anyone to leave it all to how much does illegal immigration cost the last minute, but if you do happen to mac sports find yourself in a pickle, you're going to need some help – and we're the guys for the job. Credit: Dimitris Kalogeropoylos – Flickr.
Fail to plan and you plan to fail – or so our lecturers keep telling us. Reading this, we suspect you probably haven't embraced this motto up till now, but there are a few things you can do the morning before deadline that will make your day of frantic essay-writing run smoothly. First thing's first: Fuel your body and mind with a healthy breakfast, like porridge. The slow-release energy will stop a mid-morning slump over where did the montgomery bus boycott take, your desk, which is coach something you really can't afford right now! Not in the mood for porridge? Check out Explanations and Monism, our list of the best foods for brain fuel to see what else will get you off to coach a good start. Choose a quiet area where you know you won't be disturbed. You'll know whether you work better in the library or at home, but whatever you do – don't choose somewhere you've never been before . You need to be confident that you'll be comfortable and skin resistance able to focus for as long as possible. Be organised and come equipped with two pens (no nipping to the shop because you ran out of ink), bottled water, any notes you have, and some snacks to use as mini-rewards.
This will keep you going without having to take your eyes off the screen (apparently dark chocolate is the best option for concentration). Try to avoid too much caffeine early on, as you'll find yourself crashing within a few hours. This includes energy drinks, by mac sports, the way! Procrastination is does cost every student's forte, so turn off your phone (or at least switch notifications off) and refrain from checking Facebook, Twitter, Snapchat, or any other social media channels you're addicted to. We mean it!
A good tip is to brian coach get a friend to change your Facebook password for you for 24 hours and make them promise not to Offered by Dualism and Monism examples tell you it, even if you beg (choose a friend that enjoys watching you squirm). Otherwise, you can also temporarily deactivate your account. Time management is of utmost importance when you have 24 hours before deadline. Brian Mac Sports Coach. We know, water is wet, but you clearly haven't excelled in this area so far, have you! By setting yourself a time frame in which to reach certain milestones before you start typing, you'll have achievable goals to work towards . This is how much does a great method of working, as it makes the prospect of brian conjuring up 3,000 words from thin air much less daunting if you consider the time in weary small blocks. Let's say it's 9am and your essay is due in first thing tomorrow morning. Here's a feasible timeline that you can follow: 9:00 – 9:30 – Have your essay question chosen and argument ready 9:30 – 9:45 – Break/ snack 10:00 – 12:00 – Write a full outline/plan of your essay 12:00 – 13:00 – Write your introduction 13:00 – 14:00 – Take a break and grab some lunch (you deserve it) 14:00 – 16:00 – Get back to your desk and do all your research on quotes etc. that will back up your argument 16:00 – 20:30 – Write all of your content (with a dinner break somewhere in the middle) 20:30 – 22:30 – Edit and brian improve – extremely important step, so take time with this 22:30 – 23:00 – Print and prepare ready for the morning 23:00 – (morning) – If you've not finished by Essay, this point, don't worry – completing in time is still possible. Just make sure you've eaten well and have enough energy to last you until the early hours of the mac sports morning.
Also remember to schedule in a few breaks – you need to spend the whole 24 hours productively, and how much immigration cost you can't be on form for a full day without short breaks to rest your eyes (and your brain!). These breaks should be active – give your eyes a rest from the screen and get outside to stretch. We recommend a ten minute break at least every 1.5 hours . If you've been given a choice of essay questions, you should choose the one you feel most strongly about, or have the most knowledge about (i.e the topics you actually went to the lectures for!). 24 hours before deadline is not the time to learn a new topic from scratch – no matter how much easier the question seems! Also, beware of questions that seem easy at first glance, as often you'll find that the mac sports shorter questions or the ones using the most straight-forward language can be the hardest ones to tackle. Next, decide your approach. How are you going to tackle the question? When time is how much does states limited, it is important to choose to write about brian, things you are confident in. Remember that it's your essay and as long as you relate your argument to the question and construct a clear, well supported argument, you can take it in death symbols any direction you choose. Use this to your advantage!
You may need to Google around the topic to get a clear idea of brian mac sports coach what's already been said on your chosen argument, but limit this research time to how much does immigration cost the united states 20 minutes or you could be there all day…and no checking facebook! Now, type out 3-5 key points that you'll aim to tackle in brian coach your argument, and how much immigration the united states underneath these use bullet points to list all the information and opinions, supporting arguments or quotes you have for each point. Mac Sports. Start with the death symbols most obvious argument , as this will provide something to link your other points back to – the key to a good essay. Once you've done this, you'll now find you have a detailed outline of the body of your essay, and it'll be a matter of filling in between the lines of each bullet point. Mac Sports Coach. This method is perfect for writing against the clock, as it ensures you stay focused on did the take, your question and argument without going off in any tangents. Credit: Steve Czajka – Flickr. Sometimes the brian mac sports coach introduction can be the most difficult part to write, but that's because it's also the most important part! Don't worry too much about making it sound amazing at skin resistance this point – just get stuck into introducing your argument in brian mac sports response to weary your chosen question and telling the reader how you will support it.
You can go back and make yourself sound smarter later on brian mac sports, when you're at the editing stage. Create something of modern a mini-outline in your introduction so you signpost exactly what it is you're planning to argue. Don't use the introduction as a space to throw in random references to things that are vaguely relevant. When in doubt, leave it out! Credit: Photo Monkey.
Now it's time to gather outside information and quotes to support your arguments. It's important to limit the time you spend on this, as it is brian mac sports easy to get distracted when Google presents you with copious amounts of irrelevant information. Weary. However, you will find your essay easy to brian coach write if you're armed with lots of relevant info, so use your judgement on did the take, this one. Choose search keywords wisely and brian copy and paste key ideas and quotes into blues analysis a separate 'Research' document. If using reference books rather than online, give yourself ten minutes to get anything that looks useful from the brian library, skip to hunt examples chapters that look relevant and remember to use the index! Paraphrase your main arguments to give the mac sports essay your own voice and blues make clear to yourself which words are yours and which are someone else's. Plagiarism is serious and could get you a big fat F for your essay if you don't cite properly – after all this hard work! Alternatively, use Google Books to brian mac sports find direct quotes without spending time going through useless paragraphs. Explanations Offered By Dualism And Monism Essay Examples. There's no time to read the full book, but this technique gives the impression that you did! While you gather quotes, keep note of your sources – again, don't plagiarise!
Compiling your list of citations (if necessary) as you work saves panicking at the end. Take quotes by brian coach, other authors included in the book you're reading. If you look up the references you will find the original book (already credited) which you can then use for your own references. This way it looks like you have read more books than you have, too. Sneaky! Also, if you're using Microsoft Word (2008 or later) to write your essay, make use of the automatic referencing system. Weary Blues. Simply enter the details of sources as you go along, and it will automatically create a perfect bibliography or works cited page at coach the end. Weary Analysis. This tool is AMAZING and brian could save you a lot of modern examples extra work typing out your references and mac sports bibliography.
Credit: Rainer Stropek – Flickr. Get typing! Now it's just a matter of beefing out your outline until you reach the word limit! Get all your content down and don't worry too much about death symbols, writing style. You can make all your changes later, and brian mac sports coach it's much easier to death symbols think about style once you have everything you want to say typed up first. More ideas could occur to you as you go along, so jot these ideas down on brian, a notepad – they could come in handy if you need to make up the word count later!
Use the research you gathered earlier to support the key ideas you set out in montgomery take your outline in a concise way until you have reached around 2,500(ish) words. If you're struggling to reach the word limit, don't panic. Pick out brian, a single point in your argument that you feel hasn't been fully built upon and head back to your research. Death Symbols. There must be an brian coach, additional quote or two that you could through in to where did the make your point even clearer. Imagine your essay is a bit like a kebab stick: The meat is your essential points and you build on them and build around each piece of meat with vegetables (quotes or remarks) to coach make the full kebab… time for modern a dinner break? Ensure that all the coach points you wanted to where montgomery bus boycott take explore are on paper (or screen) and explained fully. Are all your facts correct? Make things more wordy (or less, depending on your circumstance) in order to mac sports coach hit your word limit.
You should also check that your essay flows nicely. Are your paragraphs linked? Does it all make sense? Do a quick spell check and by Dualism and Monism examples make sure you have time for potential printer issues. We've all been there! A lot of students overlook the importance of brian spelling and grammar. It differs from uni to uni, subject to subject and tutor to tutor, but generally your writing style, spelling and grammar can account for up to 10-20% of death symbols your grade. Make sure you edit properly! If you take your time to nail this then you could already be 1/4 of the way to passing!
While completing essays 24 hours before the deadline is coach far from recommended and unlikely to get you the best grades you've ever gotten (try our top tips for getting a first if that's your goal), this guide should at least prevent tears in weary analysis the library (been there) and the need for any extensions. Remember, this is a worst case scenario solution and not something you should be making a habit of! Now, why are you still reading? We all know you've got work to do! Good luck! Exams coming up? Check out our guide on brian mac sports coach, how to did the montgomery bus boycott place revise in one day too. If you're starting to feel the pressure mounting up, we've also got some great tips for beating exam stress, too.
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Student loan calculator. Disclaimer: All content on by Dualism Essay examples, this website is based on individual experience and journalistic research. It does not constitute financial advice. Save the Student and its authors are not liable for how tips are used, nor for content and services on coach, external websites. Common sense should never be neglected!